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Computational Design Thinking: Computation Design Thinking




Computational Design Thinking: Computation Design Thinking

Achim Menges, Sean Ahlquist

ISBN: 978-0-470-66570-1 September 2011 224 Pages

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The current transition from Computer Aided Design (CAD) to Computational Design in architecture represents a profound shift in design thinking and methods. Representation is being replaced by simulation, and the crafting of objects is moving towards the generation of integrated systems through designer-authored computational processes. While there is a particular history of such an approach in architecture, its relative newness requires the continued progression of novel modes of design thinking for the architect of the 21st century. This AD Reader establishes a foundation for such thinking.  It includes multifaceted reflections and speculations on the profound influence of computational paradigms on architecture. It presents relevant principles from the domains of mathematics and computer science, developmental and evolutionary biology, system science and philosophy, establishing a discourse for computational design thinking in architecture. Rather than a merely technical approach, the book will discuss essential intellectual concepts that are fundamental not only for a discourse on computational design but also for its practice.

This anthology provides a unique collection of seminal texts by authors, who have either provided a significant starting point through which a computational approach to design has been pursued or have played a considerable role in shaping the field. An important aspect of this book is the manner in which adjacent fields and historical texts are connected. Both the source of original inspiration and scientific thought are presented alongside contemporary writings on the continually evolving computational design discourse. Emerging from the field of science, principally the subjects of morphogenesis, evolution and mathematics, selected texts provide a historical basis for a reconfigured mindset of processes that generate, arrange and describe form. Juxtaposed against more contemporary statements regarding the influence of computation on design thinking, the book offers advancements of fundamental texts to the particular purpose of establishing novel thought processes for architecture, theoretically and practically.

  • The first reader to provide an effective framework for computational thinking in design.
  • Includes classic texts by Johan W. von Goethe, D’Arcy Thompson, Ernst Mayr, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Gordan Pask, Christopher Alexander, John H. Holland, Nicholas Negroponte, William Mitchell, Peter J. Bentley & David W. Corne, Sanford Kwinter, John Frazer, Kostis Terzidis, Michael Weinstock and Achim Menges
  • Features new writing by: Mark Burry, Jane Burry, Manuel DeLanda and Peter Trummer.
8 Preface
Achim Menges and Sean Ahlquist

10 Introduction

Computational Design Thinking
Sean Ahlquist and Achim Menges

30 Formation and Transformation
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

32 On the Theory of Transformations, or the Comparison of Related Forms
D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson

42 Variational Evolution
Ernst Mayr

50 The Meaning of General System Theory
Ludwig von Bertalanffy

58 Systems Generating Systems
Christopher Alexander

68 The Architectural Relevance of Cybernetics
Gordon Pask

78 Towards a Humanism Through Machines
Nicholas Negroponte

86 A New Agenda for Computer-Aided Design
William J Mitchell

94 Algorithmic Form
Kostas Terzidis

102 Architecture and Practical Design Computation
Mark Burry

120 An Introduction to Creative Evolutionary Systems
Peter J Bentley and David W Corne

131 Constrained Generating Procedures
John H Holland

142 Real Virtuality
Manuel DeLanda

149 A Natural Model for Architecture
John Frazer

158 Morphogenesis and the Mathematics of Emergence
Michael Weinstock

168 Philosophy of Mathematics for Computational Design: Spatial Intuition Versus Logic
Jane Burry

179 Associative Design: From Type to Population
Peter Trummer

198 Integral Formation and Materialisation: Computational Form and Material Gestalt
Achim Menges

211 The Computational Fallacy
Sanford Kwinter

216 Select Bibliography

218 Index