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Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics




Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics

Stephen Laurence (Editor), Cynthia MacDonald (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-631-20172-4 August 1998 Wiley-Blackwell 484 Pages


This volume is a comprehensive survey of contemporary thought on a wide range of issues and provides students with the basic background to current debates in metaphysics.
List of Contributors for State of the Art Essays.


Introduction: Metaphysics and Ontology: Stephen Laurence and Cynthia MacDonald.

Part I: Methodology and Ontological Commitment: .

State of the Art Essay.

1. The Nature of Metaphysics: Peter van Inwagen.


2. Descriptive and Revisionary Metaphysics: Susan Haack.

3. On What There Is: W. V. O. Quine.

4. Ontological Commitments: William P. Alston.

5. Quantifiers: Susan Haack.

6. Identity and Substitutivity: Richard Cartwright.

Part II: Possible Worlds and Possibilia:.

State of the Art Essay.

7. Possible Worlds and Possibilia: William G. Lycan.


8. Possible Worlds: David Lewis.

9. Possible Worlds: Robert Stalnaker.

10. Ways Worlds Could Be: Peter Forrest.

Part III: Universals and Properties: .

State of the Art Essay.

11. Universals and Properties: George Bealer.


12. On Properties: Hilary Putnam.

13. New Work for a Theory of Universals: David Lewis.

15. A Theory of Structural Universals: John Bigelow and Robert Pargetter.

Part IV: Substances:.

State of the Art Essay.

16. Beyond Substrata and Bundles: A Prolegomenon to a Substance Ontology: Michael J. Loux.


17. Bare Particulars: Edwin B. Allaire.

18. Particulars Re-Clothed: V. C. Chappell.

19. Another Look at Bare Particulars: Edwin B. Allaire.

20. Three Versions of the Bundle Theory: James Van Cleve.

Part V: Events:.

State of the Art Essay.

21. Ontologies of Events: Lawrence Brian Lombard.


22. The Individuation of Events: Donald Devidson.

23. Events as Property Exemplifications: Jaegwon Kim.

Part VI: Tropes:.

State of the Art Essay.

24. Tropes and Other Things: Cynthia Macdonald.


25. The Metaphysic of Abstract Particulars: Keith Campbell.

26. Particulars in Particular Clothing: Three Trope Theories of Substance: Peter Simmons.

Part VII: Mathematical Objects:.

State of the Art Essay.

27. Mathematical Objectivity and Mathematical objects: Hartry Field.


28. Philosophy of Logic: Hilary Putnam.

29. What Numbers Could Not Be: Paul Benacerraf.


"This is a superb collection of seminal papers on fundamental matters in metaphysics: ontological commitment, possibilia, universals, substance, events, tropes, and mathematical objects. The pedagogical value of the volume is enhanced by state-of-the-art essays by leading philosophers in the field." Brian McLaughlin, Rutgers University
* Provides a comprehensive source to key metaphysics debates.

* Includes classic articles by internationally acclaimed philosophers.

* Incorporates seven new state-of-the art papers.

* Begins with an overview essay hightlighting important debates.