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Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

Shyam Singh Yadav, Robert J. Redden, Jerry L. Hatfield, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Anthony J. W. Hall

ISBN: 978-0-813-82016-3 October 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 632 Pages

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Description

A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world's current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world's temperatures will rise 1.8-4.0 by 2100 and population may reach 8 billion by the year 2025 and some 9 billion by mid-century, after which it may stabilize. This book addresses these critical issues by presenting the science needed not only to understand climate change effects on crops but also to adapt current agricultural systems, particularly in regard to genetics, to the changing conditions.

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change.

Written by an international team of authors, Crop Adaptation to Climate Change is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.

List of Contributors ix

List of Editors xvi

About the Editors xvii

Foreword by Daniel Hillel and Cynthia Rosenzweig xx

Foreword by M.S. Swaminathan xxii

Foreword by Martin Parry xxiv

Foreword by Ahmed Djoghlaf xxv

Foreword by Cary Fowler xxvii

Foreword by David K. Skelly xxix

Foreword by Walter P. Falcon xxx

Preface xxxii

Acknowledgments xxxiii

Chapter 1.1: Climate Change, Population Growth, and Crop Production: An Overview 1 
Hermann Lotze-Campen

Chapter 1.2: Downscaling Global Climatic Predictions to the Regional Level: A Case Study of Regional Effects of Climate Change on Wheat Crop Production in Victoria, Australia 12
Garry O’Leary, Brendan Christy, Anna Weeks, James Nuttall, Penny Riffkin, Craig Beverly, and Glenn Fitzgerald

Chapter 2: Agroecology: Implications for Plant Response to Climate Change 27
Jerry L. Hatfield and John H. Prueger

Chapter 3.1: Impacts of Climate Change on Crop Production in Latin America 44
Andy Jarvis, Julian Ramirez, Osana Bonilla-Findji, and Emmanuel Zapata

Chapter 3.2: Changing Climate in North America: Implications for Crops 57
Jerry L. Hatfield

Chapter 3.3: Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Africa 66
Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Bonny R. Ntare, Emmanuel Otoo, and Pius Z. Yanda

Chapter 3.4: Regional Climate Impacts on Agriculture in Europe 78
Hermann Lotze-Campen

Chapter 3.5: Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union 84
Andrei Kirilenko and Nikolay Dronin

Chapter 3.6: Climate Change Impact in Agriculture: Vulnerability and Adaptation Concerns of Semiarid Tropics in Asia 107
Naveen P. Singh, Ma Cynthia S. Bantilan, A. Ashok Kumar, Pasupuleti Janila, and Abu Wali R. Hassan

Chapter 3.7: Climate Change Impacts in Japan and Southeast Asia: Implications for Crop Adaptation 131
Sivapuram V.R.K. Prabhakar

Chapter 3.8: Regional Impacts: Australia 143
Mark S. Howden and Steven J. Crimp

Chapter 4: Synthesis of Regional Impacts and Global Agricultural Adjustments 156
Neil C. Turner and Rolf Meyer

Chapter 5.1: Impacts of High-Temperature Stress and Potential Opportunities for Breeding 166
Rishi P. Singh, P.V. Vara Prasad, Ambrish K. Sharma, and K. Raja Reddy

Chapter 5.2: Responses to Increased Moisture Stress and Extremes: Whole Plant Response to Drought under Climate Change 186
Vincent Vadez, Jana Kholova, Sunita Choudhary, Paul Zindy, Médulline Terrier, Lakshman Krishnamurthy, Pasala Ratna Kumar, and Neil C. Turner

Chapter 6: Plant Responses to Increased Carbon Dioxide 198
S. Seneweera and R.M. Norton

Chapter 7: Genetics Options for Improving the Productivity of Wheat in Water-Limited and Temperature-Stressed Environments 218
R.M. Trethowan and T. Mahmood

Chapter 8: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Pea 238
Clarice J. Coyne, Rebecca J. McGee, Robert J. Redden, Mike J. Ambrose, Bonnie J. Furman, and Carol A. Miles

Chapter 9: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Chickpea 251
Muhammad Imtiaz, Rajinder S. Malhotra, and Shyam S. Yadav

Chapter 10: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: faba bean 269
Gérard Duc, Wolfgang Link, Pascal Marget, Robert J. Redden, Frederick L. Stoddard, Ana MariaTorres, and Jose I. Cubero

Chapter 11: Adaptation of the Potato Crop to Changing Climates 287
Roland Schafleitner, Julian Ramirez, Andy Jarvis, Daniele Evers, Raymundo Gutierrez, and Mariah Scurrah

Chapter 12: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Rice 298
Tanguy Lafarge, Shaobing Peng, Toshihiro Hasegawa, William P. Quick, S.V. Krishna Jagadish, and Reiner Wassmann

Chapter 13: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Maize 314
Mark E. Westgate and Jerry L. Hatfield

Chapter 14: Sorghum Genetic Enhancement for Climate Change Adaptation 326
Belum V.S. Reddy, A. Ashok Kumar, Sampangiramireddy Ramesh, and Pulluru S. Reddy

Chapter 15: Breeding Cowpea for Future Climates 340
Anthony E. Hall

Chapter 16: Genetic Improvement of Common Beans and the Challenges of Climate Change 356
Stephen Beebe, Julian Ramirez, Andy Jarvis, Idupulapati M. Rao, Gloria Mosquera, Juan M. Bueno, and Matthew W. Blair

Chapter 17: Improving Soybean Cultivars for Adaptation to Climate Change and Climate Variability 370
Kenneth J. Boote

Chapter 18: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Vegetables 396
Robert C. de la Peña, Andreas W. Ebert, Paul A. Gniffke, Peter Hanson, and Rachael C. Symonds

Chapter 19: Adaptation of Cassava to Changing Climates 411
Hernán Ceballos, Julian Ramirez, Anthony C. Bellotti, Andy Jarvis, and Elizabeth Alvarez

Chapter 20: Changing Climates: Effects on Growing Conditions for Banana and Plantain (Musa spp.) and Possible Responses 426
Julian Ramirez, Andy Jarvis, Inge Van den Bergh, Charles Staver, and David Turner

Chapter 21: Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Sugarcane 439
Geoff Inman-Bamber, Phillip Jackson, and Maryse Bourgault

Chapter 22: Breeding Oilseed Brassica for Climate Change 448
Phillip A. Salisbury and Martin J. Barbetti

Chapter 23: The Genetic Envelope of Winegrape Vines: Potential for Adaptation to Future Climate Challenges 464
Leanne B. Webb, Peter R. Clingeleffer, and Stephen D. Tyerman

Chapter 24: The Potential of Climate Change Adjustment in Crops: A Synthesis 482
Robert J. Redden, Shyam S. Yadav, Jerry L. Hatfield, Boddupalli M. Prasanna, Surinder K. Vasal, and Tanguy Lafarge

Chapter 25: Crop Germplasm Diversity: The Role of Gene Bank Collections in Facilitating Adaptation to Climate Change 495
Laura K. Snook, M. Ehsan Dulloo, Andy Jarvis, Xavier Scheldeman, and Margaret Kneller

Chapter 26: Underutilized Species and Climate Change: Current Status and Outlook 507
Stefano Padulosi, Vernon Heywood, Danny Hunter, and Andy Jarvis

Chapter 27: Wild Relative and Transgenic Innovation for Enhancing Crop Adaptation to Warmer and Drier Climate 522
Gang-Ping Xue and C. Lynne McIntyre

Chapter 28: Energy Crops to Combat Climate Change 546
Abdullah A. Jaradat

Chapter 29: Research from the Past to the Future 556
EC (Ted) Wolfe

Index 571

“This work can serve as a teaching guide for graduate students to stimulate research and to understand crop adaptation strategies in a change climate.  Summing Up: Recommended.  Graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals.”  (Choice, 1 September 2012)