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Digital Design and Manufacturing: CAD/CAM Applications in Architecture and Design

Digital Design and Manufacturing: CAD/CAM Applications in Architecture and Design

ISBN: 978-0-471-45636-0

Jan 2005

384 pages

Select type: Hardcover


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A reliable, concise guide to computer-aided design and manufacturing
Positioned to be the leading book of its kind in the field, Digital Design and Manufacturing explains the ins and outs of CAD/CAM technologies and how these tools can be used to model and manufacture building components and industrial design products. It offers a comprehensive overview of the field and expertly addresses a broad range of recent initiatives and other issues related to the design of parts and assemblies for automated manufacturing and assembly.
Digital Design and Manufacturing presents the latest technical coverage of how to implement CAD/CAM technologies into the design process, including the broad range of software, computer numerical control (CNC) machines, manufacturing processes, and prototyping necessary. Insightful case studies are integrated throughout from the works of Frank Gehry, Bernard Franken, Raphael Vinoly, and many other leading architects. Product design case studies are also presented.
Students and professional architects will find techniques for going from representation to production, while avoiding the pitfalls of traditional manufacturing and allowing for the design and production of complex, free-form components that have been too expensive to use practically-until now.
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Chapter 1. Characteristics of Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) Systems.

1.1 The Nature of CAD/CAM Technologies.

1.2 Digital Design and Analysis Environments.

1.3 The Manufacturing Environment.

Chapter 2. An Evolutionary Perspective.

2.1 Parallel Streams.

2.2 The Rise of Industrialization and Automation.

2.3 The Computational Environment.

2.4 The Development of Numerical Control Technology.


Chapter 3. Transitions: Digital Design for Fabrication.

3.1 Sydney Opera House.

3.2 The Menil Collection.

3.3 Kansai Airport.

3.4 Schlumberger Cambridge Research Center.

3.5 Saga Group Headquarters.

3.6 The Billa Olimpica - The Great Fish of Barcelona.

3.7 Fred and Ginger, Raisin Building.

Chapter 4. Complex Architectural Forms.

4.1 A Long History.

4.2 Notes on Defining Surface Shapes.

4.3 Digital Form Finding Techniques.

4.4 Structure and Enclosure.

4.5 Case Studies in Complex Geometry.

Chapter 5. Architectural Elements and Components.

5.1 Conde Nast Employee Cafeteria.

5.2 The Kimmel Performing Arts Center.

5.3 BMW Plant in South Carolina.

5.4 Kimo, Inc..

Chapter 6. Building Systems.

6.1 Structural Systems.

6.2 Enclosure and Interior Systems.

6.3 Mechanical Systems.

Chapter 7. Project Implementation.

7.1 3d Models in Project Implementation.

7.2 Applications in Design Development and Project Planning.

7.3 Issues in Model Development and Using Shared Models.

7.4 On-Site Applications.

7.5 Practice and Relationship Issues.


Chapter 8. Introduction to Product Design and Development.

8.1 Industrial and Product Design.

8.2 The Product Designer: A Historical Overview.

8.3 Products.

8.4 Product Development.

8.5 The Pingtel Business Phone.

Chapter 9. Industrial Design in Architecture.

9.1 General Context.

9.2 A Brief Profession Context.

9.3 Issues in Product Variation and Strategy.

9.4 Issues in Furniture Design.

9.5 The Vecta Kart.

9.6 The Permobil Wheelchair.


Chapter 10. Fundamentals of Digital Modeling.

10.1 Digital Design Environments: General Characteristics.

10.2 Geometric Modelers: Basic Categories.

10.3 Digital Representations of Three Dimensional Shapes.

10.4 General Model Building.

Chapter 11. Design Development Environments.

11.1 Curved Surfaces: Advanced Modeling and Analysis.

11.2 Feature-Based Model Building.

11.3 Application-Oriented Model Building.

11.4 Assembly Models.

11.5 Analysis Tools.

Chapter 12. Digital Design in Practice.

12.1 Parametric Models in Design.

12.2 Information Exchange Between Standalone Applications.

12.3 Integrated Digital Design Systems: Process Management and Collaboration.


Chapter 13. Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Technologies.

13.1 The Machine Environment.

13.2 General Characteristics of Computer Numerical Control.

13.3 General Machine Types.

13.4 CNC Machine Control and Operation.

13.5 Specifics of Machine Control within the CAM Environment.

13.6 Manufacturing Application Environments: CAM & CAD/CAM Software.

Chapter 14. Fundamental Manufacturing Processes.

Chapter 15. Prototyping and Production Strategies.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Prototypes.

15.3 Making Digital Prototypes.

15.4 Making Physical Form Prototypes.

15.5 Low Volume Production Techniques for Solid Forms.

Chapter 16. Design for Production.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Design and Assembly.


Chapter 17. Manufacturing Systems.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 General Characterizations of Manufacturing Systems.

17.3 Common Components of Manufacturing Systems.

17.4 Approaches and Strategies.

Chapter 18. Product Process Approaches.

18.1 Standard Products and Variations: Traditional Processes.

18.2 Architectural Construction and One-Off Production.

18.3 Mass-Customization.

Chapter 19. Directions.

19.1 Evolving Contexts and Roles.

19.2 Topical Discussion of Technology, Architecture and Product Design.



  • Provides students with complete coverage of the CAD/CAM field and an introduction to fundamental technologies and tools.
  • Introduces techniques for the architect to go from representation to production, avoiding the pitfalls of traditional manufacturing and enabling design and production of complex free form components that were previously too expensive to use realistically until now.
  • Integrates many case studies from the works of Frank O. Gehry, Bernard Franken, Raphael Vinoly, and many other architects.
  • Includes companion web site featuring supplemental case studies and additional instructional elements.