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Exotic Option Pricing and Advanced Lévy Models

Exotic Option Pricing and Advanced Lévy Models

Andreas Kyprianou, Wim Schoutens, Paul Wilmott

ISBN: 978-0-470-01684-8

Aug 2005

344 pages

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Since around the turn of the millennium there has been a general acceptance that one of the more practical improvements one may make in the light of the shortfalls of the classical Black-Scholes model is to replace the underlying source of randomness, a Brownian motion, by a Lévy process. Working with Lévy processes allows one to capture desirable distributional characteristics in the stock returns. In addition, recent work on Lévy processes has led to the understanding of many probabilistic and analytical properties, which make the processes attractive as mathematical tools. At the same time, exotic derivatives are gaining increasing importance as financial instruments and are traded nowadays in large quantities in OTC markets. The current volume is a compendium of chapters, each of which consists of discursive review and recent research on the topic of exotic option pricing and advanced Lévy markets, written by leading scientists in this field.

In recent years, Lévy processes have leapt to the fore as a tractable mechanism for modeling asset returns. Exotic option values are especially sensitive to an accurate portrayal of these dynamics. This comprehensive volume provides a valuable service for financial researchers everywhere by assembling key contributions from the world's leading researchers in the field. Peter Carr, Head of Quantitative Finance, Bloomberg LP.

This book provides a front-row seat to the hottest new field in modern finance: options pricing in turbulent markets. The old models have failed, as many a professional investor can sadly attest. So many of the brightest minds in mathematical finance across the globe are now in search of new, more accurate models. Here, in one volume, is a comprehensive selection of this cutting-edge research. Richard L. Hudson, former Managing Editor of The Wall Street Journal Europe, and co-author with Benoit B. Mandelbrot of The (Mis)Behaviour of Markets: A Fractal View of Risk, Ruin and Reward



About the Editors.

About the Contributors.

1. Levy Processes in Finance Distinguished by their Coarse and Fine Path Properties Andreas E. Kyprianou and R. Loeffen.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Levy Processes.

1.3 Examples of Levy Processes in finance.

1.4 Path properties.

1.5 Examples revisited.

1.6 Conclusions.


2. Simulation Methods with Levy Processes Nick Webber.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Modelling price and rate movements.

2.3 A basis for a numerical approach.

2.4 Constructing bridges for Levy Processes.

2.5 Valuing discretely reset path-dependant options.

2.6 Valuing continuously reset path-dependent options.

2.7 Conclusions.

3. Risks in Returns: A Pure Jump Perspective Helyette Geman and Dilip B. Madan.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 CGMY model details.

3.3 Estimation details.

3.4 Estimation results.

3.5 Conclusions.


4. Model Risk for Exotic and Moment Derivatives Wim Schoutens, Erwin Simons and Jurgen Tistaert.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The models.

4.3 Calibration.

4.4 Simulation.

4.5 Pricing of exotic options.

4.6 Pricing of moment derivatives.

4.7 Conclusions.


5. Symmetries and Pricing of Exotic Options in Levy Models Ernst Eberlein and Antonis Papapantoleon.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Model and assumptions.

5.3 General description of the method.

5.4 Vanilla options.

5.5 Exotic options.

5.6 Margrabe-type options.


6. Static Hedging of Asian Options Under Stochastic Volatility Models using Fast Fourier Transform Hansjorg Albrecher and Wim Schoutens.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Stochastic volatility models.

6.3 Static hedging of Asian options.

6.4 Numerical Implementation.

6.5 Numerical illustrations.

6.6 A model-independent static super-hedge.

6.7 Conclusions.


7. Impact of Market Crises on Real Options Pauline Barrieu and Nadine Bellamy.

7.1 IOntroduction.

7.2 The model.

7.3 The real option characteristics.

7.4 Optimal discount rate and average waiting time.

7.5 Robustness of the inverstment decision characters.

7.6 Contiuos models versus discontinuous model.

7.7 Conclusions.


8. Moment Derivatives and Levy-type Market Completion Jose Manuel Corcuera, David Nualart and Wim Schoutens.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Market completuion in the descrete-time setting.

8.3 The Levy market.

8.4 Enlarging the Levy market model.

8.5 Arbitrage.

8.6 Optimal portfolios.


9. Pricing Perpetual American Options Driven by Spectrally One-sided Levy Processes Terence Chan.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 First-passage distributions and other results for spectrally positive Levy.

9.3 Description of the model, basic definitions and notations.

9.4 A renewal equation approach to pricing.

9.5 Explicit pricing formulae for American puts.

9.6 Some specific examples.

Appendix: use of fast fourier transform.



Further references.

10. On Asian Options of American Type Goran Peskir and Nadia Uys.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Formulation of the problem.

10.3 The result and proof.

10.4 Remarks on numerics.



11. Why be Backward? Forward Equations for American Options Peter Carr and Ali Hirsa.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Reveiw of the backward free boundary problem.

11.3 Stationarity and domain extension in the maturity direction.

11.4 Additivity and domain extension in the strike direction.

11.5 The forward free boundary problem.

11.6 Summary and future research.

Appendix: Discretization of forward equation for American options.


12. Numerical Valuation of American Options Under the CGMY Process Ariel Almendral.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 The CGMY process as a Levy process.

12.3 Numerical Valuation of the American CGMY price.

12.4 Numerical experiments.

Appendix: Analytic formula for European option prices.


13. Convertible Bonds: Financial Derivatives of Game Type Jan Kallsen and Christoph Kuhn.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 No-arbitrage pricing for game contigent claims.

13.3 Convertible bonds.

13.4 Conclusions.


14. The Spread Option Optimal Stopping Game Pavel V. Gapeev.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Formulation of the problem.

14.3 Solution of the free-boundary problem.

14.4 Main result and proof.

14.5 Conclusions.