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Horticultural Reviews, Volume 41




Horticultural Reviews, Volume 41

Jules Janick (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-70737-1 January 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 562 Pages

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This latest volume in the Horticultural Reviews Series presents the most recent analyses of innovations in horticultural science and technology. Covering both basic and applied research, Volume 41 incorporates a wide variety of horticultural topics including the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. Specialized researchers and the broader community of horticultural scientists and student may benefit from this research tool.

Contributors ix

Dedication: Philipp W. Simon xii
Irwin Goldman

1. Circadian Regulation of Horticultural Traits: Integration of Environmental Signals 1
Marcos Egea-Cortines, Fabiola Ruiz-Ramon, and Julia Weiss

I. Introduction 2

II. General Structure of the Plant Circadian Clock 3

III. Environmental Inputs 10

IV. Control of Plant Growth and Morphogenesis 13

V. Adaptation to Biotic and Abiotic Stress 29

VI. Summary and Conclusions 33

Acknowledgments 34

Literature Cited 34

2. Response of Perennial Horticultural Crops to Climate Change 47
D. Michael Glenn, Soo-Hyung Kim, Julian Ramirez-Villegas, and Peter Laderach

I. Introduction 51

II. Response of Perennial Horticultural Crops with Abiotic Factors Associated with Climate Change 54

III. Case Studies 57

IV. Adapation 91

V. Future Research Needs 109

Acknowledgments 112

Literature Cited 112

3. Nonchilling Physiological Rind Disorders in Citrus Fruit 131
Lembe Samukelo Magwaza, Umezuruike Linus Opara, Paul J. R. Cronje, Sandra Landahl, Leon A. Terry, and Bart M. Nicolay

I. Introduction 133

II. Citrus Rind Disorders 134

III. Rind Anatomy and Histological Characteristics 143

IV. Causes of Physiological Rind Disorders of Citrus Fruit 145

V. Molecular and Physiological Basis of Physiological
Rind Disorders 158

VI. Techniques for Inducing Rind Disorders 161

VII. Prospects for Future Research 162

VIII. Conclusions 164

Acknowledgments 166

Literature Cited 166

4. Fruit Splitting in Citrus 177
Paul J. R. Cronje, Ockert P. J. Stander, and Karen I. Theron

I. Introduction 179

II. Physiology of Citrus Fruit Splitting 183

III. Causes of Citrus Fruit Splitting 187

IV. Reducing Citrus Fruit Splitting 191

V. Conclusions 195

Acknowledgments 197

Literature Cited 197

5. Postharvest Biology and Technology of Ber Fruit 201
Sunil Pareek and Elhadi M. Yahia

I. Introduction 203

II. Fruit Composition and Nutritional Variability 208

III. Physiological and Biochemical Changes During Maturation and Ripening 210

IV. Preharvest Treatments to Extend Shelf Life 218

V. Postharvest Handling and Technology 220

VI. Postharvest Diseases and Disorders 227

VII. Summary and Future Prospects 229

Literature Cited 231

6. Peach Texture 241
Paul Sandefur, John R. Clark, and Cameron Peace

I. Introduction 243

II. Fruit Texture 245

III. Peach Texture 249

IV. Peach Flesh Types 258

V. Ripening and the Enzymatic Effects on Peach Texture 269

VI. Production and Handling Effects on Peach Texture 276

VII. Summary 285

Literature Cited 286

7. High-Density Olive Plantations 303
Luis Rallo, Diego Barranco, Sergio Castro-Garcya, David J. Connor, Marya Gomez del Campo, and Pilar Rallo

I. Introduction: Olive Growing in a Time of Change 305

II. Typologies of Olive Plantations 307

III. Effects of Density on Plant Performance 318

IV. Critical Factors for High-Density Orchards 325

V. Orchard Establishment Costs, Management Costs, and Economical Indices 362

VI. The Future 365

Acknowledgments 370

Literature Cited 370

8. The Carob Tree: Botany, Horticulture, and Genetic Resources 385
Joan Tous, Agusti Romero, and Ignasi Batlle

I. Introduction 387

II. Botany 395

III. Horticulture 407

IV. Variability and Genetic Resources 419

V. Properties and Uses 434

VI. Concluding Remarks 442

Acknowledgments 445

Literature Cited 446

9. Snake Gourd and Pointed Gourd: Botany andHorticulture 457
L. K. Bharathi, T. K. Behera, A. K. Sureja, K. Joseph John, and Todd C. Wehner

I. Introduction 459

II. The Genus Trichosantes 459

III. Snake Gourd 467

IV. Pointed Gourd 475

V. Future Prospects 484

Literature Cited 485

Subject Index 497

Cumulative Subject Index 499

Cumulative Contributor Index 533