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Islamic Finance and Economic Development: Risk, Regulation, and Corporate Governance




Islamic Finance and Economic Development: Risk, Regulation, and Corporate Governance

Amr Mohamed El Tiby Ahmed, Wafik Grais

ISBN: 978-1-118-84726-8 June 2014 256 Pages


A comprehensive guide to mitigating risk and fostering growth in the Islamic financial sector

Islamic finance, like conventional finance is a business of financial intermediation.  Its distinctive features relate to the requirement that it abides by  Shari'a rules that promote fairness of contracts and prevention of exploitation, sharing of risks and rewards, prohibition of interests, and tangible economic purpose. Islamic finance should not fund activities considered “haram” or sinful. In Islamic Finance and Economic Development: Risk, Regulation, and Corporate Governance, authors Amr Mohamed El Tiby and Wafik M. Grais expound how these distinctive features bear on the opportunities and challenges facing    the Islamic finance industry’s development, risk management, regulation and corporate governance.

An experienced banker with various Middle East banking institutions, notably as former Vice President at UAE Union National Bank and Mashreq bank, Dr. El Tiby  offers an informed perspective on  corporate finance from within the Islamic finance industry. With a long experience in international development and finance, notably as former Director at the World Bank and  Founder and Chairman of a Cairo-based Financial Advisors company, Dr. Grais brings global financial experience on the topics of financial systems assessments, corporate governance, Islamic finance, and public  policy.

  • Covers the history and basics of Islamic finance, and provides insight into current conditions and future landscape
  • Explores regulatory framework, including opportunities and challenges for the industry’s development and mainstreaming
  • Presents an approach to developing a systemic Shari'a governance framework to govern operations in the Islamic finance  industry

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xv

Acronyms xvii

About the Authors xxi

PART ONE Emergence of Modern Islamic Finance 1

CHAPTER 1 History and Core Principles of Islamic Finance 3

CHAPTER 2 Islamic Finance: Opportunity for Egypt’s Development 19

PART TWO Managing Systemic Risks 51

CHAPTER 3 Risks, Spillovers, and Distress 55

CHAPTER 4 Coping with Crises: Policies, Institutions, and Markets 67

PART THREE Regulatory Challenges 93

CHAPTER 5 The Dilemma of Tailor-Made versus Mainstream Regulation 95

CHAPTER 6 Toward an Enabling Framework 107

PART FOUR Corporate Governance 121

CHAPTER 7 Financial Fiduciary Governance 123

CHAPTER 8 Corporate Governance and Shari’a Compliance 145

CHAPTER 9 Toward a Systemic Shari’a Governance Framework 181

APPENDIX Islamic Finance: The International Landscape 205

References 217

Index 231