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Protein Engineering Handbook: Volume 3, Volume 3

Protein Engineering Handbook: Volume 3, Volume 3

Stefan Lutz (Editor) , Uwe Theo Bornscheuer (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-33123-9

Oct 2012

502 pages

In Stock

£165.00

* VAT information

Description

This introduction collects 17 innovative approaches to engineer novel and improved proteins for diverse applications in biotechnology, chemistry, bioanalytics and medicine. As such, key developments covered in this reference and handbook include de novo enzyme design, cofactor design and metalloenzymes, extremophile proteins, and chemically resistant proteins for industrial processes. The editors integrate academic innovations and industrial applications so as to arrive at a balanced view of this multi-faceted topic.

Throughout, the content is chosen to complement and extend the previously published two-volume handbook by the same editors, resulting
in a superb overview of this burgeoning field.
PREFACE

DIRIGENT EFFECTS IN BIOCATALYSIS
Introduction
Dirigent Proteins
Solvents and Unconventional Reaction Media
Structure and Folding
Structured and Unstructured Domains
Isozymes, Moonlighting Proteins, and Promiscuity: Supertalented Enzymes
Conclusions

PROTEIN ENGINEERING GUIDED BY NATURAL DIVERSITY
Approaches
Protocols
Future Directions
Conclusions

PROTEIN ENGINEERING USING EUKARYOTIC EXPRESSION SYSTEMS
Introduction
Eukaryotic Expression Systems
Conclusions

PROTEIN ENGINEERING IN MICRODROPLETS
Introduction
Droplet Formats
Perspectives

FOLDING AND DYNAMICS OF ENGINEERED PROTEINS
Introduction
Proof-of-Principle Protein Designs
Proteins Designed for Function
Conclusions and Outlook

ENGINEERING PROTEIN STABILITY
Introduction
Power and Scope of Protein Engineering to Enhance Stability
Measurement of a Protein's Kinetic Stability
Developments in Protein Stabilization

ENZYMES FROM THERMOPHILIC ORGANISMS
Introduction
Hyperthermophiles
Enzymes from Thermophiles and Their Reactions
Production of Proteins from (Hyper)Thermophiles
Protein Engineering of Thermophilic Proteins
Cell Engineering in Hyperthermophiles
Future Perspectives

ENZYME ENGINEERING BY COFACTOR REDESIGN
Introduction
Natural Cofactors: Types, Occurrence, and Chemistry
Inorganic Cofactors
Organic Cofactors
Redox Cofactors
Concluding Remarks

BIOCATALYST IDENTIFICATION BY ANAEROBIC HIGH-THROUGHPUT SCREENING OF ENZYME LIBRARIES AND ANAEROBIC MICROORGANISMS
Introduction
Oxygen-Sensitive Biocatalysts
Biocatalytic Potential of Oxygen-Sensitive Enzymes and Microorganisms
Anaerobic High-Throughput Screening
Conclusions and Outlook

ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY IN PROTEIN SCAFFOLDS
Introduction
Protocol/Practical Considerations
Goals
Summary

ENGINEERING PROTEASE SPECIFICITY
Introduction
Protocol and Practical Considerations
Concepts, Challenges, and Visions on Future Developments

POLYMERASE ENGINEERING: FROM PCR AND SEQUENCING TO SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY
Introduction
PCR
Sequencing
Polymerase Engineering Strategies
Synthetic Informational Polymers

ENGINEERING GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASES
Introduction to Glycosyltransferases
Glycosyltransferase Sequence, Structure, and Mechanism
Examples of Glycosyltransferase Engineering
Practical Considerations for Screening Glycosyltransferases
Future Directions and Outlook

PROTEIN ENGINEERING OF CYTOCHROME P450 MONOOXYGENASES
Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases
Engineering of P450 Monooxygenases
Conclusions

PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES IN COMPUTATIONAL PROTEIN DESIGN
Introduction
The Technique of Computational Protein Design
Protein Core Redesign, Structural Alterations, and Thermostabilization
Computational Enzyme Design
Computational Protein -
Protein Interface Design
Computational Redesign of DNA Binding and Specificity
Conclusions

SIMULATION OF ENZYMES IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS
Enzymes in Organic Solvents
Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Proteins and Solvents
The Role of the Solvent
Simulation of Protein Structure and Flexibility
Simulation of Catalytic Activity and Enantioselectivity
Simulation of Solvent-Induced Conformational Transitions
Challenges
The Future of Biocatalyst Design

ENGINEERING OF PROTEIN TUNNELS: THE KEYHOLE -
LOCK -
KEY MODEL FOR CATALYSIS BY ENZYMES WITH BURIED ACTIVE SITES
Traditional Models of Enzymatic Catalysis
Definition of the Keyhole -
Lock -
Key Model
Robustness and Applicability of the Keyhole -
Lock -
Key Model
Evolutionary and Functional Implications of the Keyhole -
Lock -
Key Model
Engineering Implications of the Keyhole -
Lock -
Key Model
Software Tools for the Rational Engineering of Keyholes
Case Studies with Haloalkane Dehalogenases
Conclusions

INDEX