About the Author
OVIDIU CRETU, PHD, PE, is Cost Estimating and Modeling Unit Manager at the Washington State Department of Transportation. With more than forty years of experience, Cretu earned the Extra Mile Award with Washington State for his development and support of cost risk assessment with strategic thinking and innovation.
ROBERT B. STEWART, CVS-LIFE, FSAVE, PMP, is President at Value Management Strategies, Inc., where he has been practicing the management of value and risk for more than twenty years. During this time, he has led more than 300 value and risk studies for clients in both the private and public sectors on a wide range of products, services, and facilitiesfrom simple product studies to multibillion-dollar transportation projects. He has authored several books on the management of value and risk.
TERRY L. BERENDS, PE, is an Assistant State Design Engineer at the Washington State Department of Transportation, where he is responsible for the statewide cost estimating, risk analysis, and value engineering programs. Berends is the cofounder of the self-modeling spreadsheet and the implementation of the risk reserve budgeting process.