The Philosophy of Art
The Philosophy of Art
Dec 2005, Wiley-Blackwell
Why study the philosophy of art?.
Applications and questions.
References and readings.
1. Evolution and culture.
A biological basis for art.
The cultural invention of art.
The big and the small picture.
"It all depends what you mean by the word art.".
Applications and Connections - the museum, tourist art, popular art, and ancient art.
2. Defining art.
Essentialism and anti-essentialism.
Arguments against the project of definition.
If not an essence, what unifies the concept of art?.
Some definitions of art.
Definitions and non-Western art.
Applications and Connections - intuition versus definition, art's value and definition, Euthyphro and experts.
3. Aesthetics and the philosophy of art.
Aesthetic and artistic properties.
The aesthetic attitude and art for art's sake.
Aesthetic theory criticized.
Artworks that pose a challenge to aesthetic theory.
Art's contextually relative properties.
Art for art's sake, again.
Applications and Connections - copies and misattributions, viscera and understanding.
4. Varieties of art.
Artworks as public items.
Are artworks created or discovered?.
Are all artworks potentially multiple?.
Multiply instanced artworks.
New works based on old ones.
The ontological variety of works of art.
Is the identity of an artwork fixed or evolving?.
Applications and Connections - musical recordings, the movie of the movie, the matter replicator.
When is interpretation necessary?.
What is interpreted?.
Uses for interpretation.
Does interpretation change the work's meaning?.
What is interpretation's primary purpose?.
6. Expression and emotional responses.
The nature of emotion.
Identifying others' emotions.
Identifying the emotions in art.
The expression of emotion in music and abstract art.
The emotional response of the audience to the work of art.
Responding to fictions.
Responding to tragedies.
Responding to the expressiveness of instrumental music and abstract art.
7. Pictorial representation and the visual arts.
The experience of representation.
Representation and resemblance.
Representation — culture and biology again.
Art versus non-art, a matter of style.
Representation in photographs and paintings.
Recognition and representation.
Photography as an art.
8. The value of art.
Evaluation and functionality.
Rules, universality, and objectivity in artistic evaluation.
The purpose and form of artistic evaluation.
What is rewarding about the experience of art?.
Value and pleasure.
Art and education.
Messages through art.
The relation between artistic and moral values.
Should a work's immorality undermine its claims to artistic merit?.
Morality in documentaries and fictions.
- Presents a clear and insightful introduction to central topics and on-going debates in the philosophy of art.
- Eight sections cover a wide spectrum of topics such as the interpretation of art, the relation between art and moral values, and the expression and arousal of emotion through art.
- Pedagogical features include illustrative examples, thought-provoking discussion questions and helpful suggested readings.