The Positive Power of Imagery: Harnessing Client Imagination in CBT and Related Therapies
About the Author.
PART I THEORETICAL BACKGROUND.
1 Introduction: On Becoming a Therapist.
Who Am I and What Am I Doing? (The Emperor is Naked; The Wingless Bird).
How Can I Do What I Plan to Do? (The Ladder; Having a Dream).
Swimming Against the Tide: How Can I Remain Positive?
How Can I Best Do What Needs to Be Done? (Discovering Creativity and Guided Imagination).
Overview of the Book.
2 Thinking Like a Cognitive-Behavioral Therapist.
The Basic View Underlying CBT.
Traditional Behavioral Therapy.
The Transition to an Approach Integrating Cognitive Therapy.
The Integration of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies.
Self-Control Models: An Offshoot of Integrated CBT.
Constructivism Enters the Scene.
Mindfulness Becomes Part of CBT.
Major Tenets and Processes of CBT.
Practice: Guidelines for Developing the Client's Profile.
3 On Being a Positive Therapist.
Becoming a Recognized Theory and Therapy.
The Positive View of Clients and Therapeutic Processes.
Defining Positive Psychology.
Positive Psychology and Happiness.
Training in Positive Psychology.
Practice: Guidelines for Applying Positive Psychology Exercises.
4 Creativity: Who Needs It, and for What?
What Is Creativity?
Creativity and Emotion.
Creativity, Genetics, and Intelligence.
How Can One Promote Creative Action?
Who Are Creative People?
Creative Psychotherapy and Creative Psychotherapists.
Noncreative Imagery in Therapy.
Techniques to Facilitate Therapists' Creativity.
Practice: Guidelines for Activating One's Creativity.
5 Applying Developmental CBT with Children.
The Unique Nature of Childhood.
Characteristics of Childhood Disorders.
CBT with Children as Distinct from CBT with Adults.
Applying CBT with Children.
Considering Developmental Components.
Practice: Guidelines for Applying CBT with Children.
PART II THE POSITIVE POWER OF IMAGERY.
6 Major Concepts Regarding Imagery.
Perspectives on the Major Concepts.
Imagery and Memory.
Historical Uses of Imagery.
Types of Imagery.
Pros and Cons of Working with Imagery.
Practice: Guidelines for Increasing Therapists’ Own Ability to Elicit Memories.
7 Using Imagery in Psychotherapy: How, Why, and What For?
What Kinds of Therapies Can Integrate Imagery, and for Which Client Problems?
Overcoming Resistance to or Anxiety about Imagery Work.
The Major Benefits of Imagery Use in Psychotherapy.
Dangers of Working with Imagery.
Practice: Guidelines for Therapists and Clients to Foster Imagery in Therapy.
8 Using Metaphors in Therapy.
What Are Metaphors?
Metaphors and Emotions.
The Role of Metaphors in Therapy.
Client- and Therapist-Generated Metaphors.
Practice: Guidelines for Therapists Beginning Metaphor Work.
PART III PREPARING TO APPLY THERAPY THROUGH IMAGERY.
9 Getting Ready to Start: Relaxation.
Types of Relaxation Techniques.
Practice: Guidelines for Therapist Self-Relaxation Exercises.
10 Basic Guidelines for Conducting Imagery Therapy: From Setting to Termination.
Preparation of Therapist, Setting, and Client.
Pre-Imagery Exercises in Eliciting Images.
Pre-Imagery Practice of Client Relaxation, to Set the Stage for Generating Images.
Bringing Up Images and Describing Them.
Facilitating New Coping Skills Through Imagery.
Ending the Imagery Work Phase Within the Session.
Follow-Up to Imagery Work: Reflection, Interpretation, and Meaning Making.
Practice: Guidelines for Summarizing Knowledge and Skills Needed for Conducting the Session.
11 Adapting Relaxation and Imagery to Children.
Applying Relaxation to Diverse Childhood Disorders.
Adapting Relaxation Techniques to Children’s Needs and Abilities.
Case I: Dianne's Television Phobia and Anxieties.
Case II: Ronnie's Stuttering.
Case III: Daniel's Test Anxiety.
Applying Imagery Techniques with Children.
Practice: Guidelines for Adapting Relaxation and Imagery to Children and Young People.
PART IV USING IMAGERY WHILE ASSESSING AND TREATING CLIENTS.
12 Using Imagery for Assessing Clients Throughout the Treatment Process.
Imagery Integration into Assessment.
Assessment in Different Treatment Phases.
Targets for Conducting Assessment.
Practice: Guidelines for the Main Questions Directed at Each Assessment Target.
13 Applying Imagery to Treat Past Events (Fears, Trauma, Posttrauma.
Treating Distressing Past Events.
Imaginal Exposure Followed by In Vivo Exposure.
Imaginal Exposure Instead of In Vivo Exposure.
Imagery as a Way to Elicit Memories and Remember Forgotten Material.
Using Imagery for Cognitive Restructuring of Past Trauma.
Practice: Guidelines for Choosing Between Options.
14 Imparting Assessment and Awareness Skills for Changing Present Behavior.
Imparting Skills for Self-Assessment.
Imparting Skills for Assessment of Relationships.
Imparting Skills to Increase Awareness of Internal Stimuli.
Imparting Skills for Changing Automatic Thoughts.
Practice: General Guidelines.
15 Imparting Skills to Improve Present Coping.
Skills for Coping with Performance and Test Anxiety.
Preparation Phase: Learning and Memorizing Materials Through Visualization.
Execution Phase: Alternative Positive Images, Gradual Exposure, Humor, and Role Reversal.
Eliciting Positive Images During Stressful Performance Situations.
Implementing Gradual Exposure to the Feared Situation.
Using Humor and Role Reversal to Gain Control and Confidence.
Skills for Improving Social Relationships.
Skills for Initiating Social Contacts.
Assertiveness Skills (Learning to Say No).
16 Imparting Skills for Developing a Positive View of the Future.
Planning the Future.
Facilitating Positive Emotions and Sensations.
Increasing Happy Relationships.
17 Imparting Skills to Help Children Change: Further Guidelines and Case Illustrations.
Treating Young Children.
Treating Children in Middle Childhood.
Practice: Guidelines for Imparting Skills to Children 274
PART V NOTES AND CONCLUSIONS FOR IMAGERY THERAPISTS.
18 Helping Therapists Help Themselves.
Skills for Self-Supervision.
Skills for Learning to "Get Rid" of Difficult Things and Continue Toward the Future.
Skills for Focusing on Your Own Positive Abilities as a Therapist.
Skills for Planning Future Therapeutic Processes.
General Skills for Helping Yourself.
19 Summary: Limitations, Dangers, and Future Directions.
Limitations: Is Imagery Therapy Evidence Based?
Are There Dangers in Applying Imagery Therapy?
“It is a well-written, easily and understandable book with lots of case illustrations and practical guidelines, which help not only the beginners but the more experienced therapists as well.” (European Journal of Mental Health, 1 June 2012)