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Trade-Based Money Laundering: The Next Frontier in International Money Laundering Enforcement




Trade-Based Money Laundering: The Next Frontier in International Money Laundering Enforcement

John A. Cassara, Chip Poncy (Foreword by)

ISBN: 978-1-119-07895-1 December 2015 256 Pages


Uncover the financial fraud that funds terrorist organizations

Trade-Based Money Laundering is an authoritative examination of this burgeoning phenomenon, now coming under scrutiny in the War on Terror. This book walks you through the signs and patterns of trade-based money laundering (TBML) to help you recognize it when it occurs, and shows you how data and analytics can be used to detect it. You'll learn the common value transfer techniques including invoice fraud, over-and-under invoicing, and misrepresentation, and learn why analytic detection systems have yet to be implemented despite the existence of copious data. Case studies from around the world highlight the real-life implications of the concepts and processes presented in the text, giving you a first-hand view of the mechanisms at work inside this expanding illegal market.

Trade-based money laundering uses trade to convert large quantities of illicit cash into less conspicuous assets or commodities to evade financial transparency laws and regulations. As an ideal funding mechanism for terrorist groups, the practice is getting more attention even as it increases in scale and spread. This book takes you deep inside TBML to better arm you against its occurrence.

  • Learn the typical value transfer techniques of TBML
  • Examine case studies detailing international examples
  • Discover why institutions have failed to implement detection systems
  • Explore ways in which analytics can identify TBML

According to the U.S. State Department, TBML has reached staggering proportions in recent years, and is considered by many to be the next frontier of international money laundering enforcement. Trade-Based Money Laundering gives you a battle plan, with expert insight and real-world guidance.

Foreword ix

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xvii

About the Author xix

Chapter 1 The Next Frontier 1

Chapter 2 Trade-Based Money Laundering Techniques: Invoice Fraud 13

Chapter 3 Black Market Peso Exchange 33

Chapter 4 Hawala: An Alternative Remittance System 49

Chapter 5 Chinese Flying Money 73

Chapter 6 Misuse of the International Gold Trade 89

Chapter 7 Commercial TBML 111

Chapter 8 More Schemes and Facilitators 125

Chapter 9 Monitoring Trade 145

Chapter 10 Red-Flag Indicators 167

Chapter 11 Conclusions and Recommendations 177

Appendix A Money-Laundering Primer 195

Appendix B Original Trade Transparency Unit (TTU)

Proposal 207

Glossary 217

Index 225