Skip to main content



Visualizing Human Biology Lab Manual, Binder Ready Version

Jennifer Ellie

ISBN: 978-0-470-91205-8 March 2011 512 Pages


This text is an unbound, binder-ready edition.

Visualizing Human Biology Lab Manual provides 18 labs specifically designed for the non-majors biology student, each of which engages students by focusing on the structure and function of each person’s own unique body. The lab manual includes key experiments with step-by-step visual guides and more interesting, real world topics to connect with students’ diverse experiences. Visuals are used to teach and explain, not just illustrate, and students with varied learning styles will be engaged. The applications of common laboratory techniques in science, medicine, and everyday life are also explored in each lab topic.

Related Resources

Preface v

Lab 1 Using the Scientific Method in Everyday Life 1-1

Exercise 1.1 Testing the Chemical Content of Different Water Samples 1-4

Exercise 1.2 Comparing the Taste and Smell of Different Water Samples 1-6

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 1.3 Testing the Effectiveness of Hand Washing 1-9

Lab 2 Observing Cells with Light Microscopy 2-1

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 2.1 Observing Skin with Light Microscopy 2-8

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 2.2 Observing Hair with Light Microscopy 2-12

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 2.3 Observing Cheek Cells through a Compound Microscope 2-15

Exercise 2.4 Observing Prepared Tissue Slides 2-18

Lab 3 Observing Body Tissues 3-1

Exercise 3.1 Identifying Epithelial Tissue on Microscope Slides 3-4

Exercise 3.2 Identifying Muscle Tissue on Microscope Slides 3-8

Exercise 3.3 Identifying Nervous Tissue on Microscope Slides 3-11

Exercise 3.4 Identifying Connective Tissue on Microscope Slides 3-12

Lab 4 The Chemistry of Life 4-1

Exercise 4.1 Testing for Reducing Sugars with Benedict’s Reagant 4-5

Exercise 4.2 Testing for Starch with Iodine Reagent 4-7

Exercise 4.3 Testing for Proteins with Biuret Reagent 4-8

Exercise 4.4 Testing for Lipids with the Sudan IV Test 4-9

Exercise 4.5 Testing for DNA with the Dische Diphenylamine Test 4-11

Lab 5 The Digestive System 5-1

Exercise 5.1 Gross Anatomy of the Digestive System 5-2

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 5.2 Determining the Specificity of Lactase 5-7

Exercise 5.3 Effects of pH on Trypsin Activity 5-10

Exercise 5.4 Effects of Temperature on Amylase Activity 5-13

Exercise 5.5 Effects of Bile on Lipase Activity 5-15

Exercise 5.6 Disorders of the Digestive System 5-18

Lab 6 The Cardiovascular System 6-1

Exercise 6.1 Characteristics of a Normal Blood Smear 6-3

Exercise 6.2 Blood Disorders 6-3

Exercise 6.3 Gross Anatomy of the Heart 6-9

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 6.4 Listening to Your Heartbeat 6-12

Exercise 6.5 Determining Pulse Rate 6-15

Exercise 6.6 Tracing Blood Flow through the Cardiovascular System 6-19

Exercise 6.7 Identifying Arteries and Veins on a Microscope Slide 6-22

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 6.8 Determining Your Blood Pressure 6-25

Exercise 6.9 Disorders of the Cardiovascular System 6-27

Lab 7 The Respiratory System 7-1

Exercise 7.1 Gross Anatomy of the Respiratory System 7-2

Exercise 7.2 Histology of the Respiratory System 7-7

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 7.3 Listening to Lung Sounds 7-9

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 7.4 Visualizing the Effects of Dissolved Carbon Dioxide on pH 7-11

Exercise 7.5 Measuring Respiratory Volumes with Spirometry 7-16

Exercise 7.6 Disorders of the Respiratory System 7-17

Lab 8 The Urinary System 8-1

Exercise 8.1 Gross Anatomy of the Urinary System 8-3

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 8.2 Filtering Blood through a Semipermeable Membrane 8-8

Exercise 8.3 Histology of the Urinary System 8-14

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 8.4 Urinalysis 8-17

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 8.4A Performing Urinalysis on Your Own Urine Sample 8-17

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 8.4B Performing Urinalysis on Simulated Urine Sample 8-19

Exercise 8.5 Urological Disorders 8-21

Lab 9 The Reproductive System 9-1

Exercise 9.1 Gross Anatomy of the Reproductive System 9-4

Exercise 9.2 Histology of the Reproductive System 9-11

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 9.3 Observing Sperm Motility 9-17

Exercise 9.4 Sexually Transmitted Diseases 9-24

Lab 10 The Nervous System 10-1

Exercise 10.1 Histology of Nervous Tissue 10-4

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 10.2 Nerve Conduction in the Human Body 10-5

Exercise 10.3 Gross Anatomy of the Nervous System 10-12

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 10.4 Effects of Caffeine on the Human Body 10-18

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 10.5 Testing Your Reflexes 10-24

Exercise 10.6 Disorders of the Nervous System 10-27

Lab 11 The Special Senses 11-1

Exercise 11.1 Testing the Relationship between Taste and Smell 11-3

Exercise 11.2 The Two-Point Discrimination Test 11-6

Exercise 11.3 Ear Anatomy 11-11

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 11.4 Examining the Ears with an Otoscope 11-13

Exercise 11.5 Sound Localization 11-18

Exercise 11.6 Eye Anatomy 11-23

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 11.7 Examining the Eyes with an Ophthalmoscope 11-25

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 11.8 Near-Point Accommodation Test 11-28

Lab 12 The Skeletal System 12-1

Exercise 12.1 Histology of Skeletal Tissues 12-4

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 12.2 Testing the Effects of Chemicals on Bone Strength 12-11

Exercise 12.3 Gross Anatomy of the Axial Skeleton 12-19

Exercise 12.3A Identifying Bones in the Skull 12-20

Exercise 12.3B Identifying Vertebrae 12-22

Exercise 12.3C Identifying Bones in the Ribcage 12-23

Exercise 12.4 Gross Anatomy of the Appendicular Skeleton 12-26

Exercise 12.4A Identifying Bones in the Pectoral Girdles and Upper Limbs 12-28

Exercise 12.4B Identifying Bones in the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs 12-30

Exercise 12.5 Identifying Bone Fractures on X-Rays 12-36

Lab 13 The Muscular System 13-1

Exercise 13.1 Histology of Skeletal Muscles 13-4

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 13.2 Observing Muscle Contraction 13-8

Exercise 13.3 Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System 13-20

Exercise 13.4 Disorders of the Muscular System 13-26

Lab 14 Human Genetics 14-1

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 14.1 Extracting DNA from Cheek Cells 14-3

Exercise 14.2 Examining Chromosomes on a Microscope Slide 14-5

Exercise 14.3 Examining Traits with Simple Inheritance Patterns 14-7

Exercise 14.4 Identifying Different Modes of Inheritance 14-10

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 14.5 Blood Typing 14-12

Exercise 14.6 Two Sides of the Story: Living with a Chromosomal Abnormality and Diagnosing a Chromosomal Abnormality 14-18

Lab 15 DNA Fingerprinting 15-1

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 15.1 Pouring an Agarose Gel 15-5

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 15.2 Gel Electrophoresis 15-6

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 15.3 Staining an Agarose Gel 15-10

Exercise 15.4 Analyzing DNA Fingerprints 15-12

Lab 16 Cancer 16-1

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 16.1 Performing an Invasion Assay 16-3

Exercise 16.2 Evaluating Tissue Biopsies 16-15

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 16.3 Identifying Mutagens with the Ames Test 16-21

Lab 17 Microorganisms and the Human Body 17-1

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 17.1 Detecting Microorganisms in the Environment 17-4

Exercise 17.2 Identifying Bacteria in a Blood Smear 17-11

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 17.3 Observing Bacteria in Dental Plaque 17-12

Exercise 17.4 Classifying Bacteria Based on Shape, Arrangement, and Gram Stain Results 17-17

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 17.5 Observing Bacteria in Yogurt 17-22

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 17.6 Simulating the Transmission of an Infectious Disease 17-25

Exercise 17.7 Interpreting Results from the Kirby-Bauer Test 17-29

Lab 18 Evolution 18-1

Exercise 18.1 Comparing Hominid Skeletons 18-4

Exercise 18.2 Environmental Adaptations 18-9

Visualizing the Lab Step by Step 18.3 Evolution of a Bacterial Population 18-13

Exercise 18.4 Comparative Embryology 18-24

Line Art and Text Credits L-1

Photo Credits P-1