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Solar System Plasmas in Space and Time

Solar System Plasmas in Space and Time

J. L. Burch (Editor), J. H. Waite Jr. (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66385-1 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 295 Pages



Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 84.

Solar system plasmas are highly structured and dynamic and are characterized by great variability in both space and time. The variations in their spatial distribution and temporal evolution occur on a variety of scales, ranging from kilometers (ion gyroradius) to hundreds of thousands of kilometers (coronal mass ejections) and from microseconds (electron plasma frequency) to years (solar sunspot cycle). Space plasma physicists seeking to understand the complex plasma phenomena that occur at the Sun, in the solar wind, and in the magnetospheres and ionospheres of the Earth and other solar system bodies thus face twin challenges. First, they must distinguish variations that are spatial in nature from those that are temporal. The heavy reliance in past investigations on singlepoint in situ measurements has significantly limited their ability to do this. Second, space physicists must elucidate the interrelationships among micro-, meso-, and macroscale plasma phenomena, relationships that organize the various solar system plasmas into a single heliospheric plasma system embedded in the interstellar medium. Here, too, experimental limitations have constrained the development of a global picture of solar system plasmas. However, new technologies promise a significant advance in our understanding of the interconnectedness of solar system plasmas.

Thermal Magnetic Fluctuations in Maxwellian and Non-Maxwellian Plasmas at Whistler and
Electron Cyclotron Harmonic Frequencies
R. L. Stenzel, G. Golubyatnikov, and J. M. Urrutia 125

Magnetic Dipole Antennas in Moving Plasmas: a Laboratory Simulation
J. M. Urrutia, C. L. Rousculp, and R. L. Stenzel 129

Particles and Flow Structures

Interaction Between Global MHO and Kinetic Processes in the Magnetotail
G. Ganguli, H. Romero, and J. Fedder 135

The Structure and Dynamics of the Plasma Sheet During the Galileo Earth-1 Flyby
G. D. Reeves, T. A. Fritz, R. D. Belian, R. W. McEntire, D. J. Williams, E. C. Roelof, M. G. Kivelson, and B. Wilken 149

Initial Observations of the Medium Distance Magnetotail Plasma by GEOT AIL: Cold Ion Beams
T. Mukai, M. Hirahara, S. Machida, Y. Saito, T. Terasawa, and A. Nishida 155

Temporal Evolution and Spatial Dispersion of Ion Conics: Evidence for a Polar Cusp Heating Wall
D. J. Knudsen, B. A. Whalen, T. Abe, and A. Yau 163

Temporal and Spatial Signatures in the Injection of Magnetosheath Plasma into the Cusp/Cleft
R. M. Winglee, J. D. Menietti, W. K. Peterson, J. L. Burch, and J. H. Waite, Jr. 171

The Location of Magnetopause Reconnection for Northward and Southward Interplanetary Magnetic Field
T. G. Onsager and S. A. Fuselier 183

The Shape and Size of Convection Cells in the Jovian Magnetosphere
T. W. Hill 199

Structure of the Venus Tail
O. Vaisberg, V. Smirnov, A. O. Fedorov, L. Avanov, F. Dunjushkin, J. G. Luhmann,
and C. T. Russell 207

Ion Scattering and Acceleration by Low Frequency Waves in the Cometary Environment
H. Karimabadi, N. Omidi, and S. P. Gary 221

Axisymmetric Modeling of Cometary Mass Loading on an Adaptively Refined Grid:
Hydrodynamic Results
Tamas J. Gombosi and Kenneth G. Powell 237

Missions and Strategies

First High-Resolution Measurements by the Freja Satellite
R. Lundin, L. Eliasson, O. Norberg, G. Marklund, L. R. Zanetti, B. A. Whalen, B. Holback, J. S. Murphree, G. Haerendel, M. Boehm, and G. Paschmann 247

The Inner Magnetosphere Imager Mission
D. L. Gallagher 265

Imaging of Magnetospheric Dynamics Using Low Energy Neutral Atom Detection
H. O. Funsten, D. J. McComas, K. R. Moore, E. E. Scime, and M. F. Thomsen 275

The NASA High Energy Solar Physics (HESP) Mission for the Next Solar Maximum
R. P. Lin, B. R. Dennis, R. Ramaty, A. G. Emslie, R. Canfield, and G. Doschek 283