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Scalable Quantum Computers: Paving the Way to Realization

Scalable Quantum Computers: Paving the Way to Realization

Samuel L. Braunstein (Editor), Hoi-Kwong Lo (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-60318-3 January 2005 376 Pages

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Description

Quantum computers hold the promise of solving problems that would otherwise be intractable with conventional computers. Some prototypes of the simplest elements needed to build a quantum computer have already been implemented in the laboratory. The efforts now concentrate on combining these elements into scalable systems. In addition, alternative routes to creating large scale quantum computers are continuously being developed.
This volume gives a cross-section of recent achievements in both the theory and the practical realization of quantum computing devices. Samuel L. Braunstein (Reader, University of Wales, Bangor, and editor of the book "Quantum Computing - Where do we want to go tomorrow") and Hoi-Kwong Lo (Chief Scientist, MagiQ Technologies, Inc., NY) invited experts across many disciplines involved in the development of quantum computers to review their proposals in a manner accessible to the non-expert.
Breaking with tradition, this book not only contains proposals, but a set of independent expert evaluations of these ideas as well. As a by-product this volume facilitates a comparison between the widely varying disciplines covered, including: ion traps, cavity quantum electrodynamics, nuclear magnetic resonance, optical lattices, quantum dots, silicon systems, superconductivity and electrons on helium.
Voyaging in Hilbert Space (by F. Wilczek)
The Physical Implementation of Quantum Computation (by D. DiVincenzo)
Schemes of quantum computations with trapped ions (by J. F. Poyatos, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller)
Ion trap quantum computing with warm ions (by G.J. Milburn, S. Schneider and D.F.V. James)
Ion trap quantum computer with bichromatic light (by A. Soerensen and Klaus Moelmer)
Quantum Computation with hot and cold ions: An assessment of proposed schemes (by D. F. V. James)
Quantum computing with trapped ions, atoms and light (by A. M. Steane and D. M. Lucas)
Implementations of quantum computing using cavity quantum electrodynamics schemes (by P. Grangier, G. Reymond and N. Schlosser)
NMR base Quantum Information Processing: Achievements and Prospects (by D. G. Cory, R. Laflamme, E. Knill, L. Viola, T. F. Havel, N. Boulant, G. Boutis, E. Fortunato, S. Lloyd, R. Martinez, C. Negrevergne, M. Pravia, Y. Sharf, G. Teklemariam, Y. S. Weinstein and W. H. Zurek)
NMR Quantum Computation: a Critical Evaluation (by J. A. Jones)
Quantum Computing with Neutral Atoms in an Optical Lattice (by I. H. Deutsch, G. K. Brennen and P. S. Jessen)
Quantum computing with trapped particles in microscopic potentials (by T. Calarco, H.-J. Briegel, D. Jaksch, J.I. Cirac and P. Zoller)
Quantum Computing Using a Neutral Atom Optical Lattice: an Appraisal (by G. J. Milburn)
Spintronics and Quantum Dots for Quantum Computing and Quantum Communication (by G. Burkard, H.-A. Engel and D. Loss)
Quantum computation using quantum dot spins and microcavities (by A. Imamoglu)
The Spin Degree of Freedom in Quantum Dots (by K. Ensslin)
Quantum gates by coupled quantum dots and measurement procedure in field-effect-transistor structure (by T. Tanamoto)
Silicon-based Quantum Computation (by B. E. Kane)
Josephson-Junction Qubits (by Y. Makhlin, G. Schoen and A. Schnirman)
Quantum Computing and Quantum Measurements with Mesoscopic Josephson Junctions (by D. V. Averin)
Superconducting Circuits for Quantum Computing (by T. P. Spiller)
Quantum Computing Using Electrons Floating on Liquid Helium (by M. I. Dykman and P. M. Platzman)
Could we Quantum Compute with Electrons on Helium? (by M. J. Lea, P. G. Frayne and Yu. Mukharsky)
On the possibility of quantum computation based on photon exchange interaction (by T. Opatrny and G. Kurizki)
Reply to a review of photon-exchange interactions by Opatrny and Kurizki (by J. D. Franson)

Sample Chapter
"Twenty-four papers provide a cross-section of recent achievements in the theory and practical realization of quantum computing devices." (SciTech Book News, Vol. 26, No. 2, June 2002)