About the Authors.
1-1 Historical Notes.
1-2 Common HVAC Units and Dimensions.
1-3 Fundamental Physical Concepts.
1-4 Additional Comments.
2. Air-Conditioning Systems.
2-1 The Complete System.
2-2 System Selection and Arrangement.
2-3 HVAC Components and Distribution Systems.
2-4 Types of All-Air Systems.
2-5 Air-and-Water Systems.
2-6 All-Water Systems.
2-7 Decentralized Cooling and Heating.
2-8 Heat Pump Systems.
2-9 Heat Recovery Systems.
2-10 Thermal Energy Storage.
3. Moist Air Properties and Conditioning Processes.
3-1 Moist Air and the Standard Atmosphere.
3-2 Fundamental Parameters.
3-3 Adiabatic Saturation.
3-4 Wet Bulb Temperature and the Psychrometric Chart.
3-5 Classic Moist Air Processes.
3-6 Space Air Conditioning—Design Conditions.
3-7 Space Air Conditioning—Off-Design Conditions.
4. Comfort and Health—Indoor Environmental Quality.
4-1 Comfort—Physiological Considerations.
4-2 Environmental Comfort Indices.
4-3 Comfort Conditions.
4-4 The Basic Concerns of IAQ.
4-5 Common Contaminants.
4-6 Methods to Control Humidity.
4-7 Methods to Control Contaminants.
5. Heat Transmission in Building Structures.
5-1 Basic Heat-Transfer Modes.
5-2 Tabulated Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficients.
5-3 Moisture Transmission.
6. Space Heating Load.
6-1 Outdoor Design Conditions.
6-2 Indoor Design Conditions.
6-3 Transmission Heat Losses.
6-5 Heat Losses from Air Ducts.
6-6 Auxiliary Heat Sources.
6-7 Intermittently Heated Structures.
6-8 Supply Air For Space Heating.
6-9 Source Media for Space Heating.
6-10 Computer Calculation of Heating Loads.
7. Solar Radiation.
7-1 Thermal Radiation.
7-2 The Earth’s Motion About the Sun.
7-4 Solar Angles.
7-5 Solar Irradiation.
7-6 Heat Gain Through Fenestrations.
7-7 Energy Calculations.
8. The Cooling Load.
8-1 Heat Gain, Cooling Load, and Heat Extraction Rate.
8-2 Application of Cooling Load Calculation Procedures.
8-3 Design Conditions.
8-4 Internal Heat Gains.
8-5 Overview of the Heat Balance Method.
8-6 Transient Conduction Heat Transfer.
8-7 Outside Surface Heat Balance—Opaque Surfaces.
8-8 Fenestration—Transmitted Solar Radiation.
8-9 Interior Surface Heat Balance—Opaque Surfaces.
8-10 Surface Heat Balance—Transparent Surfaces.
8-11 Zone Air Heat Balance.
8-12 Implementation of the Heat Balance Method.
8-13 Radiant Time Series Method.
8-14 Implementation of the Radiant Time Series Method.
8-15 Supply Air Quantities.
9. Energy Calculations and Building Simulation.
9-1 Degree-Day Procedure.
9-2 Bin Method.
9-3 Comprehensive Simulation Methods.
9-4 Energy Calculation Tools.
9-5 Other Aspects of Building Simulation.
10. Flow, Pumps, and Piping Design.
10-1 Fluid Flow Basics.
10-2 Centrifugal Pumps.
10-3 Combined System and Pump Characteristics.
10-4 Piping System Fundamentals.
10-5 System Design.
10-6 Steam Heating Systems.
11. Space Air Diffusion.
11-1 Behavior of Jets.
11-2 Air-Distribution System Design.
12. Fans and Building Air Distribution.
12-2 Fan Relations.
12-3 Fan Performance and Selection.
12-4 Fan Installation.
12-5 Field Performance Testing.
12-6 Fans and Variable-Air-Volume Systems.
12-7 Air Flow in Ducts.
12-8 Air Flow in Fittings.
12-10 Duct Design—General.
12-11 Duct Design—Sizing.
13. Direct Contact Heat and Mass Transfer.
13-1 Combined Heat and Mass Transfer.
13-2 Spray Chambers.
13-3 Cooling Towers.
14. Extended Surface Heat Exchangers.
14-1 The Log Mean Temperature Deficiency (LMTD) Method.
14-2 The Number of Transfer Units (NTU) Method.
14-3 Heat Transfer–Single-Component Fluids.
14-4 Transport Coefficients Inside Tubes.
14-5 Transport Coefficients Outside Tubes and Compact Surfaces.
14-6 Design Procedures for Sensible Heat Transfer.
14-7 Combined Heat and Mass Transfer.
15-1 The Performance of Refrigeration Systems.
15-2 The Theoretical Single-Stage Compression Cycle.
15-4 Refrigeration Equipment Components.
15-5 The Real Single-Stage Cycle.
15-6 Absorption Refrigeration.
15-7 The Theoretical Absorption Refrigeration System.
15-8 The Aqua–Ammonia Absorption System.
15-9 The Lithium Bromide–Water System.
Appendix A. Thermophysical Properties.
Table A-1a. Properties of Refrigerant 718 (Water–Steam)— English Units.
Table A-1b. Properties of Refrigerant 718 (Water–Steam)—SI Units.
Table A-2a. Properties of Refrigerant 134a (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane)—English Units.
Table A-2b. Properties of Refrigerant 134a (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane)—SI Units.
Table A-3a. Properties of Refrigerant 22 (Chlorodifluoromethane)— English Units.
Table A-3b. Properties of Refrigerant 22 (Chlorodifluoromethane)— SI Units.
Table A-4a. Air—English Units.
Table A-4b. Air—SI Units.
Appendix B. Weather Data.
Table B-1a. Heating and Cooling Design Conditions—United States, Canada, and the World—English Units.
Table B-1b. Heating and Cooling Design Conditions—United States, Canada, and the World—SI Units.
Table B-2. Annual BinWeather Data for Oklahoma City,OK.
Table B-3. Annual Bin Weather Data for Chicago, IL.
Table B-4. Annual Bin Weather Data for Denver, CO.
Table B-5. Annual Bin Weather Data for Washington, DC.
Appendix C. Pipe and Tube Data.
Table C-1. Steel Pipe Dimensions—English and SI Units.
Table C-2. Type L Copper Tube Dimensions—English and SI Units.
Appendix D. Useful Data.
Table D-1. Conversion Factors.
Appendix E: Charts.
Chart 1a. ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 1 (IP) (Reprinted by permission of ASHRAE.).
Chart 1b. ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 1 (SI) (Reprinted by permission of ASHRAE.).
Chart 1Ha. ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 4 (IP) (Reprinted by permission of ASHRAE.).
Chart 1Hb. ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 6 (SI) (Reprinted by permission of ASHRAE.).
Chart 2. Enthalpy–concentration diagram for ammonia–water solutions (From Unit Operations by G. G. Brown, Copyright ©1951 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
Chart 3. Pressure–enthalpy diagram for refrigerant 134a (Reprinted by permission.).
Chart 4. Pressure–enthalpy diagram for refrigerant 22 (Reprinted by permission.).
Chart 5. Enthalpy-concentration diagram for Lithium Bromide–water solutions (Courtesy of Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago IL.).