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Carbon in Earth's Interior





Carbon in Earth's Interior

Craig Manning (Editor), Jung-Fu Lin (Editor), Wendy Mao (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-50826-7 February 2020 American Geophysical Union 384 Pages

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Explores the behavior of carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids under extreme conditions

Carbon trapped in diamonds and carbonate-bearing rocks in subduction zones are examples of the continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth’s surface and its interior. However, there is still much to learn about the forms, transformations, and movements of carbon deep inside the Earth.

Carbon in Earth's Interior presents recent research on the physical and chemical behavior of carbon-bearing materials and serves as a reference point for future carbon science research.

Volume highlights include:

  • Data from mineral physics, petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, and geodynamics
  • Research on the deep carbon cycle and carbon in magmas or fluids
  • Dynamics, structure, stability, and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials
  • Properties of allied substances that carry carbon
  • Rates of chemical and physical transformations of carbon

The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Manning, Lin, Mao

Section I – Oxidized carbon

Chapter 1. Review: Stability relations of CO2 ices
Choong-Shik Yoo

Chapter 2. Elastic properties of CO2 ices
Christopher Tulk, Abby Kavner, Craig Manning

Chapter 3. Stability and dynamics CO2 ices and clathrates
Sumele Fanetti, Roberto Bini

Chapter 4. Role of interfaces in ice nucleation and growth
Tianshu Li

Chapter 5. Review: Crystal chemistry of carbonate minerals at high pressure
Marco Merlini

Chapter 6. Carbonate mineral stability from first principles
Paul Asimow

Chapter 7. Phase relations and stability of carbonate minerals in the deep Earth
Konstantin Litasov, Sergei Lobanov

Chapter 8. The spin transition in Fe-bearing carbonates
Afu Lin

Chapter 9. Polymerized carbonate minerals of the mantle
Alexander Goncharov

Chapter 10. Carbonate melting at high pressure
Ji Li

Chapter 11. Phase relations of carbonatite magmas
Stefano Poli

Chapter 12. CO2 solubility in silicate magmas: experiments and theory
Rajdeep Dasgupta and Mark Ghiorso

Chapter 13. Aqueous carbonate at mantle pressures
Ding Pan, Craig Manning

Section II – Native carbon and carbides

Chapter 14. Review: Properties of native carbon at high pressure
Adrian Jones

Chapter 15. Stability and transport properties of iron-carbide minerals at high pressure
Afu Lin

Chapter 16. Structure and Density of Fe-C Liquid Alloys Under High Pressure
Eglantine Boulard

Chapter 17. Novel properties of diamondoids
Wendy Mao

Chapter 18. Carbon substitution for oxygen in amorphous silicate materials
Alexandra Navrotsky

Chapter 19. Transformation of carbonate to diamond at the core-mantle boundary
Susannah Dorfman, James Badro

Section III – hydrocarbons and organic molecules at extreme conditions

Chapter 20. Review: From organic acids to diamonds: New models for diamond origins
Dimitri Sverjensky

Chapter 21. High Pressure Synthesis of Prebiotic Molecules
Nir Goldman

Chapter 22. Behavior of individual hydrocarbons at extreme thermobaric conditions
Vladimir Kutcherov, Aleksandr Serovaiskii

Chapter 23. Aqueous organic geochemistry at extreme conditions
Everett Shock

Section IV – Carbon transport in planetary interiors

Chapter 24. Review: Carbon diffusion
Bruce Watson

Chapter 25. Carbon geodynamics
Marc Spiegelman