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Science & Religion: A New Introduction, 3rd Edition

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Science & Religion: A New Introduction, 3rd Edition

Alister E. McGrath

ISBN: 978-1-119-59987-6 February 2020 Wiley-Blackwell 304 Pages

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Preface to the Third Edition

1. Science and Religion: Exploring a Relationship

Why study Science and Religion?

The Chessboard: The Diversity of Science and Religion

Ian Barbour’s Four Models of the Relation of Science and Religion

Four Ways of Imagining the Relation of Science and Religion:

Science and Religion offer Distinct Perspectives on Reality

Science and Religion engage Distinct Levels of Reality

Science and Religion offer Distinct Maps of Reality

The Two Books: Two Complementary Approaches to Reality

2. Getting Started: Some Historical Landmarks

Why study history?

The Invention of the ‘Warfare’ of Science and Religion

The ‘Essentialist Fallacy’ about Science and Religion

Dispelling Myths about Science and Religion

The Importance of Biblical Interpretation

The Emergence of the Medieval Synthesis

Copernicus, Galileo and the Solar System

Newton, the Mechanical Universe, and Deism

Darwin and the Biological Origins of Humanity

The ‘Big Bang’: New Insights into the Origins of the Universe

3. Religion and the Philosophy of Science

Fact and Fiction: Realism and Instrumentalism

Realism

Idealism

Instrumentalism

Theology and Debates about Realism

Explanation, Ontology and Epistemology: Research Methods and the Investigation of Reality

A Case Study in Explanation: Nancey Murphy on ‘Non-Reductive Physicalism’.

What does it mean to explain something?

Ontic and Epistemic Approaches to Explanation

Religion and Explanation

Philip Clayton on Explanation in Religion

How do we decide what is the best explanation?

‘Logic of Discovery’ and ‘Logic of Justification’

Inference to the Best Explanation

A Case Study: Darwin and Natural Selection

Theory Choice and Religion

Verification: Logical Positivism

Falsification: Karl Popper

Theory Change in Science: Thomas Kuhn

4. Science and the Philosophy of Religion

Science, religion, and proofs for God’s existence

Philosophical Arguments for the Existence of God

Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways

The Kalam Argument

A Case Study: William Paley’s Biological Argument from Design

The Ambiguity of ‘Proof’: Justification in Science and Theology

God’s Action in the World

Deism: God acts through the Laws of Nature

Thomism: God acts through Secondary Causes

Process theology: God acts through Persuasion

Quantum Theory: God acts through Indeterminacy

Miracles and the Laws of Nature

David Hume’s Critique of Miracles

Keith Ward on Miracles

Wolfhart Pannenberg on Miracles

Natural Atheology? Evolutionary Debunking Arguments against God

Natural Theology: Is God the ‘Best Explanation’ of our Universe?

A Metaquestion: Creation and the Uniformity of Nature

5. Models and Analogies in Science and Religion

The Use of Models and Analogies in the Natural Sciences

The Kinetic Model of Gases

Complementarity: Light as Wave and Particle

Analogical Reasoning: Galileo and the Mountains of the Moon

Using Scientific Models Critically: Darwin’s Principle of Natural Selection

The Use of Models and Metaphors in Christian Theology

Thomas Aquinas on the Analogia Entis (‘Analogy of Being’)

Ian T. Ramsey on the Nature and Use of Models of God

Arthur Peacocke on the Theological Application of Models and Analogies

Sallie McFague on Metaphors in Theology

Using Religious Models Critically: Creation

Using Religious Models Critically: Theories of the Atonement

Models and Mystery: The Limits of Representation of Reality

Ian Barbour on Models in Science and Religion

6. Science and Religion: Some Major Contemporary Debates

Moral Philosophy: Can the Natural Sciences establish Moral Values?

Evolution and Ethics: The Debate about Darwinism and Morality

Neuroscience and Ethics: Sam Harris on the Moral Landscape

Philosophy of Science: Is Reality limited to what the Sciences can disclose?

Philosophy of Religion: Theodicy in a Darwinian World

Theology: Transhumanism, the ‘Image of God’ and Human Identity

Mathematics: Science and the Language of God

Physics: Does the ‘Anthropic Principle’ have Religious Significance?

Evolutionary Biology: can we speak of ‘Design’ in Nature?

The Psychology of Religion: What is ‘Religion’ all about?

The Cognitive Science of Religion: Is Religion ‘Natural’?

Conclusion

Sources of Citations

Index