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Vacuum in Particle Accelerators: Modelling, Design and Operation of Beam Vacuum Systems

Hardcover

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£165.00

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Vacuum in Particle Accelerators: Modelling, Design and Operation of Beam Vacuum Systems

Oleg B. Malyshev

ISBN: 978-3-527-34302-7 December 2019 544 Pages

Hardcover
Pre-order
£165.00

Description

A unique guide on how to model and make the best vacuum chambers

Vacuum in Particle Accelerators offers a comprehensive overview of ultra-high vacuum systems that are used in charge particle accelerators. The book?s contributors ? noted experts in the field ? also highlight the design and modeling of vacuum particle accelerators.

The book reviews vacuum requirements, identifies sources of gas in vacuum chambers and explores methods of removing them. In addition, Vacuum in Particle Accelerators offers an in-depth explanation of the control of the beam and the beam aperture. In the final part of the book, the focus is on the modelling approaches for vacuum chambers under various operating conditions. This important guide:

-Offers a review of vacuum systems in charge particle accelerators
-Contains contributions from an international panel of noted experts in the field
-Highlights the systems, modelling, and design of vacuum particle accelerators
-Includes information on vacuum requirements, beam-gas interactions, cryogenic temperatures, ion induced pressure instability, heavy ion machines
-Presents the most up-to-date information on the topic for scientists and engineers

Written for vacuum physicists, vacuum engineers, plasma physicists, materials scientists, and engineering scientists, Vacuum Particle Accelerators is an essential reference offering an in-depth exploration of vacuum systems and the modelling and design of charged particle accelerators.
INTRODUCTION
VACUUM REQUIREMENTS
Definition of Vacuum
Vacuum Specification for Particle Accelerators
SOURCES OF GAS IN AN ACCELERATOR VACUUM CHAMBER
Atmospheric and Residual Gases in Vacuum Chamber
Materials Used for and in Vacuum Chambers
Surface Cleaning, Treatment, Conditioning, Bake-Out, Coatings
Thermal Outgassing
Equilibrium and Saturation Gas Pressure
Electron Stimulated Desorption
Photon Stimulated Desorption
Ion Stimulated Desorption
Heavy Ion Stimulated Desorption
Other Sources of Gas
NON-EVAPORABLE GETTER COATING
BEAM APERTURE AND VACUUM CHAMBER CROSS SECTION
SYNCHROTRON RADIATION
VACUUM SYSTEM MODELLING
One-Dimensional Approach
Three-Dimensional Modelling: Test Particles Monte Carlo
Molecular Beaming Effect
Combining One-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Approaches in Optimising the UHV Pumping System
VACUUM CHAMBER AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
No Synchrotron Radiation or Particle Losses
A Vacuum Chamber with Synchrotron Radiation
Lumped Pumps and Their Input Parameters for Modelling
Distributed Pumps
Non-Evaporable Getter Coatings
VACUUM CHAMBER AT CRYOGENIC TEMPERATURES
Pressure and Gas Density
Equilibrium Pressure, Isotherms
Vacuum Chamber with Synchrotron Radiation
BEAM INDUCED ELECTRON MULTIPACTING AND VACUUM
ION INDUCED PRESSURE INSTABILITY
Positively Charged Beam Machines
Heavy Ion Machines