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Mapping the Risks and Risk Management Practices in Islamic Banking

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Mapping the Risks and Risk Management Practices in Islamic Banking

Wael Kamal Eid, Mehmet Asutay

ISBN: 978-1-119-07782-4 June 2019 500 Pages

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Description

Deep, insightful analysis of controversial risk management issues in Islamic banking

Mapping the Risks And Risk Management Practices In Islamic Banking is a comprehensive analysis of the current state of risk management practices within the Islamic banking industry, with recommendations for policy makers, bankers, and industry stakeholders. Going beyond the academic, this book presents the opinions and perceptions of industry financiers and bankers, alongside primary information and data collected by Islamic finance professionals to deconstruct and analyze the sector's current risk management practices. You'll get up to date on the latest attitudes and trends, and delve into the current issues surrounding risk management in Islamic banks. With a focus on practical applications, this authoritative guide discusses the unique risks facing Islamic banks, from the perspective of a wide range of practitioners.

Risk management is one of the biggest, most controversial issues in Islamic finance, yet it remains under-researched. Many uncertainties exist for which the answers are still unclear, yet will play a large role in shaping the industry's future. This book digs deep into current ideas and practices to discover what's being done, what needs to be done, and what needs to stop happening to keep the future of Islamic finance strong.

  • Explore both Islamic and traditional attitudes toward risk
  • Examine current Islamic risk management practices
  • Understand the latest industry issues and trends
  • Consider the diverse range of risks unique to the Islamic banking sector

Effective risk management in Islamic banking deserves priority attention. Unless the industry develops its own genuine risk management architecture, it cannot achieve its full potential and the viability needed for a more resilient financial system than the debunked Wall Street model. Mapping the Risks and Risk Management Practices in Islamic Banking provides a deep, authoritative analysis of where the industry is today and where it needs to develop.

Foreword xi

About the Authors xiii

Chapter 1 Introduction: Research Background and Motivation 1

Systemic Importance of Islamic Banking and Finance 3

Research Aims, Objectives and Questions 5

Research Hypotheses 6

Significance of the Study 7

Overview of the Research Methodology 9

Overview of the Research 10

Chapter 2 Principles of Islamic Banking and Finance 13

Historical Background of Islamic Banking and Finance 14

Size of the Industry 17

Principles of Islamic Banking and Finance 20

Basic Islamic Financing Contracts 20

Sukuk: A Step Toward Securitisation 25

Islamic Banking Versus Conventional Banking 31

Institutional Developments in Islamic Banking and Finance Industry 33

Conclusion 39

Chapter 3 Risk Management in Islamic Banks: A Theoretical Perspective 41

Risk Management: Basic Concepts and Techniques 44

Risk Management and the Credit Crunch 51

Classification of Risks 51

Risks Common to Both Islamic and Conventional Banks 54

Further Risk Areas Specific to Islamic Banks 93

Risk Categories are Entangled 106

Risk Management Issues in Sukuk 107

Risk Mitigation in Islamic Banking 110

Surveying Risk Management Practices in Islamic Banks: A Review of Empirical Research 120

Conclusion 123

Chapter 4 Capital Adequacy for Islamic Banks: A Survey 127

Significance of Capital in Banking 128

Classification of Capital 129

Steps in the Basel Accord 130

Basel II and Islamic Banks 138

Basel III 142

IFSB Principles on Capital Adequacy 143

Capital Adequacy as a Tool for Risk Mitigation 150

Conclusion 151

Chapter 5 Islamic Banking and the Financial Crisis 153

Understanding the Credit Crisis 156

The Financial Crisis and the Need for an Alternative System 163

The Financial Crisis and Islamic Finance and Banking as an Alternative Option 163

Deviations from the Foundational Shari’ah Principles: Evaluating the Operations of Islamic Finance 173

How to Achieve the Full Potential of Islamic Finance 177

Conclusion 181

Chapter 6 Research Framework and Methodology 183

Research Questions and Objectives 183

Research Hypotheses 185

Research Methodology 191

Research Design 191

Research Strategy 193

Research Method 194

Difficulties and Limitations 210

Conclusion 211

Chapter 7 Profiling Perspectives of Risk Dimensions in Islamic Finance: Descriptive Questionnaire Data Analysis 213

Data Analysis and Results 213

Conclusion 250

Chapter 8 Analysing Perceptions of Risk and Risk Management Dimensions and Issues: Inferential Statistical Analysis 253

Risk Perception 254

Risk Management and Reporting 295

Risk Measurement 301

Risk Mitigation 303

Islamic Banking in Practice 304

The Next Chapter in Islamic Banking 306

Conclusion 307

Chapter 9 Exploring Perceptions of Risk and Risk Management Practices in Islamic Banking: Interview Data Analysis 309

Interview Analysis 309

Forming the Main Interview Themes 310

Interview Questions 310

Results and Data Analysis 311

Conclusion 335

Chapter 10 Contextualising the Findings: An Interpretative Discussion 337

Risk Perception in Islamic Banking 337

Islamic Finance Contracts 345

Additional Risk Issues Facing Islamic Financial Institutions 351

Capital Adequacy for Islamic Banks 353

Islamic Banking and the Global Credit Crisis 356

Risk Management and Reporting 363

Risk Measurement 365

Risk Mitigation 367

Islamic Banking in Practice 370

The Future of Islamic Banking 372

Conclusion and Summary 378

Chapter 11 Conclusion and Research Recommendations 381

Summary of the Research 381

Reflecting on the Research Findings 382

Research Implications and Recommendations 386

Limitations of the Study 389

Suggestions for Future Research 390

Appendix 1: Questionnaire 393

List of Acronyms 401

Epilogue 403

Bibliography 405

Index 415