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Urinary Stones: Medical and Surgical Management




Urinary Stones: Medical and Surgical Management

Michael Grasso (Editor), David Goldfarb (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-40541-3 February 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 368 Pages

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Acute urinary stones cause one of the most painful sensations the human body can experience, more painful than childbirth, broken bones, gunshot wounds or burns. Master your patient management with this comprehensive guide to a debilitating medical condition.

Urinary Stones: Medical and Surgical Management provides urologists, nephrologists and surgeons with a practical, accessible guide to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of urinary stone disease.

Divided into 2 parts – covering both medical and surgical management - leading experts discuss the key issues and examine how to deliver best practice in the clinical care of your patients.

Topics covered include:

  • Evaluation and management of stones in children
  • Renal colic and medical expulsive therapy
  • Imaging in stone disease: sonography, contrast based fluoroscopy, computed tomography and magnetic resonance urography
  • Multimodality therapy: mixing and matching techniques to improve outcome
  • Complications of stone disease
  • Interpretation of 24 hour urine chemistry
  • Prevention of recurrent calcium, uric acid, struvite and cystine stones
  • The different surgical techniques, including: ureteroscopy, shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopic lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy

Packed with high-quality figures, key points, and management algorithms, easy to follow, clear clinical guidance is supported by the very latest in management guidelines from the AUA and EAU.

Brought to you by the best, this is the perfect consultation tool when on the wards or in the office.

List of Contributors, ix

Preface, xiii

Part 1: Types of Urinary Stones and Their Medical Management

1 How to Build a Kidney Stone Prevention Clinic, 3
David S. Goldfarb

2 Metabolic Evaluation: Interpretation of 24-Hour Urine Chemistries, 13
John R. Asplin

3 Uric Acid Stones, 26
Naim M. Maalouf

4 Calcium Stones, 36
John C. Lieske

5 Struvite Stones, 48
Brian H. Eisner, Sameer M. Deshmukh, and Dirk Lange

6 Genetic Causes of Kidney Stones: Cystinuria, Primary Hyperoxaluria, Dent’s Disease, and APRT Deficiency, 57
Runolfur Palsson

7 Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Stones, 70
Vidar O. Edvardsson and Sherry S. Ross

8 Primary Hyperparathyroidism and Stones, 81
Marcella Donovan Walker and Shonni J. Silverberg

9 Renal Tubular Acidosis, Stones, and Nephrocalcinosis, 93
Robert J. Unwin, Stephen B. Walsh, and Oliver M. Wrong

10 Drug-Induced Stones, 106
Michel Daudon and Paul Jungers

11 Management of Renal Colic and Medical Expulsive Therapy, 120
Michael S. Borofsky and Ojas Shah

Part 2: Surgical Management of Urinary Stones

12 Indications for Conservative and Surgical Management of Urinary Stone Disease, 135
Brian D. Duty and Michael J. Conlin

13 Perioperative Imaging: Plain Film, Sonography, Contrast-Based Fluoroscopic Imaging, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Urography, 148
Nicole Hindman

14 Emergency Urinary Drainage Techniques Employed for an Obstructing Upper Urinary Tract Calculus With and Without Associated Sepsis, 157
Sunil Mathur and Francis X. Keeley Jr

15 Endoscopic Management of Lower Urinary Tract Calculi: Tips and Tricks, 166
Christopher M. Dixon and Sean Fullerton

16 Ureteroscopy, 176
Israel Franco and Lesli Nicolay

17 Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy in Children: Renal Stones, 195
Jordan Gitlin and Kai-wen Chuan

18 Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Generators and Treatment Techniques, 216
Jessica E. Paonessa and James E. Lingeman

19 Ureteroscopic Lithotripsy: Indications, Access Endoscopes, Accessories, and Lithotrites, 227
Julien Letendre and Olivier Traxer

20 Ureteropyeloscopic Management of Upper Urinary Tract Calculi, 243
Michael Grasso, Andrew I. Fishman, and Bobby Alexander

21 Percutaneous Nephrolithomy: Access and Instrumentation, 264
Arvind P. Ganpule, Sachin Abrol, Abhishek Laddha, and Mahesh R. Desai

22 Percutaneous Management of Intrarenal Calculi, 278
Michael Degen and Majid Eshghi

23 Laparoscopic and Open Surgical Management of Urinary Calculi, 296
Ahmed Alasker, Reza Ghavamian, and David Hoenig

24 Multimodality Therapy: Mixing and Matching of Surgical Techniques for the Treatment of Stone Disease, 311
Nir Kleinmann, Kelly A. Healy, and Demetrius H. Bagley

25 Management of Complications Associated with Various Lithotripsy Techniques, 326
Angela M. Cottrell and Andrew J. Dickinson

Index, 340