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The Genetic and Environmental Origins of Learning Abilities and Disabilities in the Early School Years

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The Genetic and Environmental Origins of Learning Abilities and Disabilities in the Early School Years

Yulia Kovas, Claire M. A. Haworth, Philip S. Dale, Robert Plomin, Jennifer Thomson, Kurt W. Fischer

ISBN: 978-1-405-18435-9 December 2007 Wiley-Blackwell 172 Pages

Description

Despite the importance of learning abilities and disabilities in education and child development, little is known about their genetic and environmental origins in the early school years.

  • This study reports results for English (which includes reading, writing, and speaking), mathematics, and science as well as general cognitive ability in a large and representative sample of U.K. twins studied at 7, 9, and 10 years of age
  • Presents new univariate, multivariate, and longitudinal analyses that systematically examine genetic and environmental influences for the entire sample at all ages for all measures for both the low extremes (disabilities) and the entire sample (abilities)
  • Draws conclusions have far-reaching implications for education and child development as well as for molecular genetics and neuroscience
CONTENTS.

ABSTRACT vii.

I. INTRODUCTION 1.

II. METHODS 14.

III. NATURE AND NURTURE 49.

IV. THE ABNORMAL IS NORMAL 60.

V. GENETIC STABILITY, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE 67.

VI. GENERALIST GENES, SPECIALIST ENVIRONMENTS 82.

VII. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS 105.

APPENDICES 124.

REFERENCES 137.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 144.

COMMENTARY.

BEYOND NATURE–NURTURE.

Richard A. Weinberg 145.

DYNAMIC DEVELOPMENT AND DYNAMIC EDUCATION.

Jennifer M. Thomson and Kurt W. Fischer 150.

CONTRIBUTORS 157.

STATEMENT OF EDITORIAL POLICY 159