Skip to main content

Carbon in Earth's Interior





Carbon in Earth's Interior

Craig Manning (Editor), Jung-Fu Lin (Editor), Wendy Mao (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-50826-7 February 2020 American Geophysical Union 384 Pages

Download Product Flyer

Download Product Flyer

Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. This is a dummy description.


Carbon in Earth’s fluid envelopes - the atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere, plays a fundamental role in our planet’s climate system and a central role in biology, the environment, and the economy of earth system. The source and original quantity of carbon in our planet is uncertain, as are the identities and relative importance of early chemical processes associated with planetary differentiation. Numerous lines of evidence point to the early and continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth’s surface and its interior, including diamonds, carbon-rich mantle-derived magmas, carbonate rocks in subduction zones and springs carrying deeply sourced carbon-bearing gases. Thus, there is little doubt that a substantial amount of carbon resides in our planet’s interior. Yet, while we know it must be present, carbon’s forms, transformations and movements at conditions relevant to the interiors of Earth and other planets remain uncertain and untapped.

Volume highlights include:

•      Reviews key, general topics, such as carbonate minerals, the deep carbon cycle, and carbon in magmas or fluids

•      Describes new results at the frontiers of the field with presenting results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors

•      Brings together emerging insights into carbon's forms, transformations and movements through study of the dynamics, structure, stability and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials

•    Reviews emerging new insights into the properties of allied substances that carry carbon, into the rates of chemical and physical transformations, and into the complex interactions between moving fluids, magmas, and rocks to the interiors of Earth and other planets

•    Spans the various chemical redox states of carbon, from reduced hydrocarbons to zero-valent diamond and graphite to oxidized CO2 and carbonates

•      Captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in an emerging scientific discipline

•      Reports advances over the last decade that have led to a major leap forward in our understanding of carbon science

•      Compiles the range of methods that can be tapped tap from the deep carbon community, which includes experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamic modelers and geodynamicists

•      Represents a reference point for future deep carbon science research 

Carbon in Planetary Interiors will be a valuable resource for researchers and students who study the Earth's interior. The topics of this volume are interdisciplinary, and therefore will be useful to professionals from a wide variety of fields in the Earth Sciences, such as mineral physics, petrology, geochemistry, experimentalists, first principles theorists, thermodynamics, material science, chemistry, geophysics and geodynamics.

Manning, Lin, Mao

Section I – Oxidized carbon

Chapter 1. Review: Stability relations of CO2 ices
Choong-Shik Yoo

Chapter 2. Elastic properties of CO2 ices
Christopher Tulk, Abby Kavner, Craig Manning

Chapter 3. Stability and dynamics CO2 ices and clathrates
Sumele Fanetti, Roberto Bini

Chapter 4. Role of interfaces in ice nucleation and growth
Tianshu Li

Chapter 5. Review: Crystal chemistry of carbonate minerals at high pressure
Marco Merlini

Chapter 6. Carbonate mineral stability from first principles
Paul Asimow

Chapter 7. Phase relations and stability of carbonate minerals in the deep Earth
Konstantin Litasov, Sergei Lobanov

Chapter 8. The spin transition in Fe-bearing carbonates
Afu Lin

Chapter 9. Polymerized carbonate minerals of the mantle
Alexander Goncharov

Chapter 10. Carbonate melting at high pressure
Ji Li

Chapter 11. Phase relations of carbonatite magmas
Stefano Poli

Chapter 12. CO2 solubility in silicate magmas: experiments and theory
Rajdeep Dasgupta and Mark Ghiorso

Chapter 13. Aqueous carbonate at mantle pressures
Ding Pan, Craig Manning

Section II – Native carbon and carbides

Chapter 14. Review: Properties of native carbon at high pressure
Adrian Jones

Chapter 15. Stability and transport properties of iron-carbide minerals at high pressure
Afu Lin

Chapter 16. Structure and Density of Fe-C Liquid Alloys Under High Pressure
Eglantine Boulard

Chapter 17. Novel properties of diamondoids
Wendy Mao

Chapter 18. Carbon substitution for oxygen in amorphous silicate materials
Alexandra Navrotsky

Chapter 19. Transformation of carbonate to diamond at the core-mantle boundary
Susannah Dorfman, James Badro

Section III – hydrocarbons and organic molecules at extreme conditions

Chapter 20. Review: From organic acids to diamonds: New models for diamond origins
Dimitri Sverjensky

Chapter 21. High Pressure Synthesis of Prebiotic Molecules
Nir Goldman

Chapter 22. Behavior of individual hydrocarbons at extreme thermobaric conditions
Vladimir Kutcherov, Aleksandr Serovaiskii

Chapter 23. Aqueous organic geochemistry at extreme conditions
Everett Shock

Section IV – Carbon transport in planetary interiors

Chapter 24. Review: Carbon diffusion
Bruce Watson

Chapter 25. Carbon geodynamics
Marc Spiegelman