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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 42

Irwin Goldman (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-52134-1 December 2018 432 Pages

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Description

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.

Contributors ix

1. Mark E. Sorrells: Plant Breeder, Geneticist,Innovator, Mentor 1
Alvina Gul, Christine H. Diepenbrock, Flavio Breseghello,Euclydes Minella, Jesse D. Munkvold, Andrew H. Paterson, Lisa Kissing Kucek, Edward Souza, Mauricio La Rota, Long‐Xi Yu, Ju‐Kyung Yu, Zhengqiang Ma, Allen Van Deynze, Jessica Rutkoski, Elliot L. Heffner, Jorge da Silva, and Julio Isidro Sanchez

I. Biographical Sketch and Background 5

II. Research 8

III. Mark’s Attributes and Philosophies 20

Literature Cited 23

Cultivar Release and Germplasm Registration 27

Selected Papers of Mark E. Sorrells 28

2. Onion Breeding 39
Michael J. Havey

I. Economic Importance 42

II. Botany and Origins 42

III. Reproductive Biology and Seed Production 44

IV. Population Improvement and Hybrids 45

V. Breeding Goals 51

VI. Biotechnology 64

VII. Future Prospects 67

VIII. Personal Refelections 69

Disclaimer 71

Literature Cited 71

3. Alternative Experimental Designs for Plant Breeding 87
Jared Zystro, Micaela Colley, and Julie Dawson

I. Introduction 89

II. Principles 90

III. Designs 97

IV. Conclusions: Choosing an Appropriate Design 112

Literature Cited 114

4. Advances in DNA Markers and Breeding for Warm‐ and Cool‑Season Turfgrasses 119
Karen R. Harris‐Shultz and David Jespersen

I. Introduction 121

II. Warm‐Season Turfgrass 125

III. Cool‐Season Turfgrasses 139

IV. Future Perspectives 151

Acknowledgments 153

Literature Cited 153

5. Sugar Beet Breeding 167
J. Mitchell McGrath and Lee Panella

I. Introduction 168

II. Natural History 172

III. Genetic Resources 178

IV. Breeding Perspectives 180

V. Modern Breeding 187

VI. Final Remarks 201

Acknowledgments 203

Literature Cited 203

6. The Importance of Cosmetic Stay‑Green in Specialty Crops 219
James R. Myers, Mustafa Aljadi, and Linda Brewer

I. Introduction 222

II. Characteristics of Cosmetic Stay‐Green 225

III. Genotypic and Phenotypic Description, and Economic Importance by Plant Family 228

IV. Other Crops That May Carry Cosmetic Stay‐Green Mutations 240

V. Utility and Importance of Cosmetic Stay‐Green 244

VI. Limitations of Stay‐Green 245

VII. Prospects and the Need for Further Research 248

Acknowledgments 249

Literature Cited 250

7. Quinoa Breeding and Genomics 257
Kevin M. Murphy, Janet B. Matanguihan, Francisco F. Fuentes, Luz Rayda Gómez‐Pando, Eric N. Jellen, Peter J. Maughan, and David E. Jarvis

I. Introduction 259

II. History of Quinoa Breeding 266

III. Biology 272

IV. Breeding Methods 279

V. Breeding Objectives 286

Literature Cited 308

8. Experimental and Bioinformatics Advances in Crop Genomics 321
Ryan M. Patrick and Ying Li

I. Introduction 324

II. Whole‐Genome Sequencing of Crop Species 326

III. Functional Genomics: Profiling the Transcriptome and Epigenome 337

IV. Gene Regulatory Network 365

V. Conclusion and Outlook 368

Acknowledgments 369

Literature Cited 369

Cumulative Contributor Index 383

Cumulative Subject Index 393