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5G for the Connected World

Description

Comprehensive Handbook Demystifies 5G for Technical and Business Professionals in Mobile Telecommunication Fields 

Much is being said regarding the possibilities and capabilities of the emerging 5G technology, as the evolution towards 5G promises to transform entire industries and many aspects of our society. 5G for the Connected World offers a comprehensive technical overview that telecommunication professionals need to understand and take advantage of these developments.

The book offers a wide-ranging coverage of the technical aspects of 5G (with special consideration of the 3GPP Release 15 content), how it enables new services and how it differs from LTE. This includes information on potential use cases, aspects of radio and core networks, spectrum considerations and the services primarily driving 5G development and deployment. 

The text also looks at 5G in relation to the Internet of Things, machine to machine communication and technical enablers such as LTE-M, NB-IoT and EC-GSM. Additional chapters discuss new business models for telecommunication service providers and vertical industries as a result of introducing 5G and strategies for staying ahead of the curve. Other topics include: 

  • Key features of the new 5G radio such as descriptions of new waveforms, massive MIMO and beamforming technologies as well as spectrum considerations for 5G radio regarding all possible bands
  • Drivers, motivations and overview of the new 5G system – especially RAN architecture and technology enablers (e.g. service-based architecture, compute-storage split and network exposure) for native cloud deployments
  • Mobile edge computing, Non-3GPP access, Fixed-Mobile Convergence
  • Detailed overview of mobility management, session management and Quality of Service frameworks
  • 5G security vision and architecture
  • Ultra-low latency and high reliability use cases and enablers, challenges and requirements (e.g. remote control, industrial automation, public safety and V2X communication)
  • An outline of the requirements and challenges imposed by massive numbers of devices connected to cellular networks

While some familiarity with the basics of 3GPP networks is helpful, 5G for the Connected World is intended for a variety of readers. It will prove a useful guide for telecommunication professionals, standardization experts, network operators, application developers and business analysts (or students working in these fields) as well as infrastructure and device vendors looking to develop and integrate 5G into their products, and to deploy 5G radio and core networks.

About the Editors xvii

List of Contributors xix

Foreword by Tommi Uitto xxi

Foreword by Karri Kuoppamaki xxiii

Preface xxv

Acknowledgements xxvii

Introduction xxix

Terminology xxxi

1 Drivers and Motivation for 5G 1
Betsy Covell and Rainer Liebhart

1.1 Drivers for 5G 1

1.2 ITU-R and IMT 2020 Vision 3

1.3 NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) 5

1.4 5GPPP (5G Public-Private Partnership) 8

1.5 Requirements for Support of Known and New Services 9

1.6 5G Use Cases 19

1.7 Business Models 26

1.8 Deployment Strategies 28

1.9 3GPP Role and Timelines 30

References 34

2 Wireless Spectrum for 5G 35
Juho Pirskanen, Karri Ranta-aho, Rauno Ruismäki and Mikko Uusitalo

2.1 Current Spectrum for Mobile Communication 35

2.2 Spectrum Considerations for 5G 35

2.3 Identified New Spectrum 37

2.4 Spectrum Regulations 38

2.5 Characteristics of Spectrum Available for 5G 43

2.6 NR Bands Defined by 3GPP 46

References 48

3 Radio Access Technology 51
Sami Hakola, Toni Levanen, Juho Pirskanen, Karri Ranta-aho, Samuli Turtinen, Keeth Jayasinghe and Fred Vook

3.1 Evolution Toward 5G 51

3.2 Basic Building Blocks 56

3.3 Downlink Physical Layer 83

3.4 Uplink Physical Layer 92

3.5 Radio Protocols 96

3.6 Mobile Broadband 117

References 124

4 Next Generation Network Architecture 127
Devaki Chandramouli, Subramanya Chandrashekar, AndreasMaeder, Tuomas Niemela, Thomas Theimer and Laurent Thiebaut

4.1 Drivers and Motivation for a New Architecture 127

4.2 Architecture Requirements and Principles 130

4.3 5G System Architecture 139

4.4 NG RAN Architecture 149

4.5 Non-Standalone and Standalone Deployment Options 158

4.6 Identifiers 161

4.7 Network Slicing 163

4.8 Multi-Access Edge Computing 171

4.9 Data Storage Architecture 173

4.10 Network Capability Exposure 180

4.11 Interworking and Migration 182

4.12 Non-3GPP Access 189

4.13 Fixed Mobile Convergence 193

4.14 Network Function Service Framework 196

4.15 IMS Services 203

4.16 Emergency Services 205

4.17 Location Services 207

4.18 Short Message Service 208

4.19 Public Warning System 210

4.20 Protocol Stacks 212

4.21 Charging 218

4.22 Summary and Outlook of 5G System Features 219

4.23 Terminology and Definitions 221

References 222

5 Access Control and Mobility Management 225
Devaki Chandramouli, Subramanya Chandrashekar, JarmoMakinen,Mikko Säily and Sung HwanWon

5.1 General Principles 225

5.2 Mobility States and Functionalities 228

5.3 Initial Access and Registration 234

5.4 Connected Mode Mobility 238

5.5 Idle Mode mobility and UE Reachability 261

5.6 RRC Inactive State mobility and UE Reachability 265

5.7 Beam Level Mobility 268

5.8 Support for High Speed Mobility 270

5.9 Support for Ultralow Latency and Reliable Mobility 273

5.10 UE Mobility Restrictions and Special Modes 276

5.11 Inter-System (5GS-EPS) Mobility 277

5.12 Outlook 280

References 281

6 Sessions, User Plane, and QoS Management 283
Devaki Chandramouli, Thomas Theimer and Laurent Thiebaut

6.1 Introduction 283

6.2 Basic Principles of PDU Sessions 283

6.3 Ultra-reliable Low Latency Communication 293

6.4 QoS Management in 5GS 295

6.5 User Plane Transport 301

6.6 Policy Control and Application Impact on Traffic Routing 302

6.7 Session Management 306

6.8 SMF Programming UPF Capabilities 309

References 310

7 Security 311
Peter Schneider

7.1 Drivers, Requirements and High-Level Security Vision 311

7.2 Overall 5G Security Architecture 316

7.3 3GPP Specific Security Mechanisms 319

7.4 SDN Security 327

7.5 NFV Security 330

7.6 Network Slicing Security 332

7.7 Private Network Infrastructure 335

References 335

8 Critical Machine Type Communication 337
Zexian Li and Rainer Liebhart

8.1 Introduction 337

8.2 Key Performance Indicators 340

8.3 Solutions 341

References 374

9 Massive Machine Type Communication and the Internet of Things 377
Devaki Chandramouli, Betsy Covell, Volker Held, Hannu Hietalahti, Jürgen Hofmann and Rapeepat Ratasuk

9.1 Massive M2M Versus IoT 377

9.2 Requirements and Challenges 379

9.3 Technology Evolution 382

9.4 EPS Architecture Evolution 384

9.5 Cellular Internet of Things 391

9.6 GERAN 405

9.7 LTE-M 418

9.8 NB-IoT 422

9.9 5G for M2M 428

9.10 Comparison of EPS and 5GS 431

9.11 Future Enhancements 433

9.12 Other Technologies 438

References 438

10 Summary and Outlook 441
Rainer Liebhart and Devaki Chandramouli

10.1 Summary 441

10.2 Outlook 442

Appendix of 3GPP Reference Points 447

Index 451