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A Companion to Marcus Aurelius


A Companion to Marcus Aurelius presents the first comprehensive collection of essays to explore all essential facets relating to contemporary Marcus Aurelius studies.

  • First collection of its kind to commission new state-of-the-art scholarship on Marcus Aurelius
  • Features readings that cover all aspects of Marcus Aurelius, including source material, biographical information, and writings
  • Contributions from an international cast of top Aurelius scholars
  • Addresses evolving aspects of the reception of the Meditations

List of Figures ix

Notes on Contributors xi

Preface xvii

List of Abbreviations xix

The Study of Marcus Aurelius: Introduction 1
Marcel van Ackeren

PART I The Main Sources 11

1 Cassius Dio and the Historia Augusta 13
Anthony R. Birley

2 Archaeological Evidence of the Marcomannic Wars of Marcus Aurelius (AD 166–80) 29
Thomas Fischer

3 The Meditations 45
Matteo Ceporina

4 Marcus Aurelius’ Letters 62
Pascale Fleury

5 Epigraphic Records 77
Péter Kovács

PART II Biography and Background 93

6 The Political State of the Roman Empire 95
Werner Eck

7 Cultural and Intellectual Background and Development 110
Leofranc Holford-Strevens

8 Early Life: Family, Youth, and Education 139
Anthony R. Birley

9 Marcus’ Life as Emperor 155
Anthony R. Birley

10 The Relation of Politics and Philosophy under Marcus Aurelius 171
Lukas de Blois

PART III Marcus the Emperor 183

11 Administration and Jurisdiction in Rome and in the Provinces 185
Werner Eck

12 Religion in the Age of Marcus Aurelius 200
Mark J. Edwards

13 The Wars and Revolts 217
Anthony R. Birley

14 The Roman Empire after His Death 234
Olivier Hekster

PART IV Material Forms of Self-Representation 249

15 The Column of Marcus Aurelius 251
Martin Beckmann

16 The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius 264
Peter Stewart

17 Coins 278
Susanne Börner

18 The Portraits: A Short Introduction 294
Dietrich Boschung

19 The Reliefs: Representation of Marcus Aurelius’ Deeds 305
Dietrich Boschung

PART V Marcus the Philosopher 315

20 The Form and Structure of the Meditations 317
Jean-Baptiste Gourinat

21 The Style of the Meditations 333
Angelo Giavatto

22 Aspects of Orality in (the Text of ) the Meditations 346
Michael Erler

23 The Meditations as a (Philosophical) Autobiography 362
Irmgard M€annlein-Robert

24 Marcus and Previous Stoic Literature 382
Christopher Gill

25 Marcus Aurelius on Physics 396
David Sedley

26 Logic and the Meditations 408
Angelo Giavatto

27 Ethics 420
Jean-Baptiste Gourinat

28 Social Ethics and Politics 437
Gretchen Reydams-Schils

29 The Meditations and the Ancient Art of Living 453
John Sellars

30 The Self in the Meditations 465
Anthony A. Long

PART VI Reception 481

31 The Reception of the Philosopher-King in Antiquity and the Medieval Age 483
Julia Bruch and Katrin Herrmann

32 The Sanctification of Marcus Aurelius 497
Amy Richlin

33 Marcus Aurelius and Neostoicism in Early Modern Philosophy 515
Jill Kraye

34 Marcus Aurelius in Contemporary Philosophy 532
John Sellars

Index 545