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A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East



A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East

Daniel T. Potts (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-444-36077-6 August 2012 Wiley-Blackwell 1504 Pages

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A comprehensive and authoritative overview of ancient material culture from the late Pleistocene to Late Antiquity

  • Features up-to-date surveys and the latest information from major new excavations such as Qatna (Syria), Göbekli Tepe (Turkey)
  • Includes a diverse range of perspectives by senior, mid-career and junior scholars in Europe, USA, Britain, Australia, and the Middle East for a truly international group
  • Includes major reviews of the origins of agriculture, animal domestication, and archaeological landscapes
  • Includes chapters dealing with periods after the coming of Alexander the Great, including studies of the Seleucid, Arsacid, Sasanian, Roman and Byzantine empires in the Near East, as well as early Christianity in both the Levant and Mesopotamia
  • Fills a gap in literature of the Ancient Near East, dealing with topics often overlooked, including ethical and legal issues in antiquities markets and international scholarship

List of Illustrations x

List of Tables xvii

Notes on Contributors xviii

Preface xxviii

Maps xxxii

I The Framework 1

1 Introduction to Geography, Climate, Topography, and Hydrology 3
T.J. Wilkinson

2 Antiquarianism, Copying, Collecting 27
Mark B. Garrison

3 Early Excavations (pre-1914) 48
Nicole Chevalier

4 The Foundations of Antiquities Departments 70
Peter Magee

5 The Political Dimension of Archaeological Practices 87
Reinhard Bernbeck

6 The Antiquities Trade and the Destruction of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures 106
Oscar White Muscarella

II Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Hunters and Gatherers 125

7 The Levant 127
Alan H. Simmons

8 Anatolia 144
Klaus Schmidt

III Developments in Farming, Animal Husbandry, and Technology 161

9 The Beginnings of Cereal Cultivation and Domestication in Southwest Asia 163
George Willcox

10 Fruit-Growing 181
Margareta Tengberg

11 Animals in the Ancient World 201
Benjamin S. Arbuckle

12 Fish and Fishing 220
D.T. Potts

13 Lithic Industries During the Holocene Period 236
Steven A. Rosen

14 Irrigation 261
Ariel M. Bagg

15 Ceramic Production 279
Cameron A. Petrie

16 Metallurgy 295
Lloyd Weeks

17 Glass 317
Wendy Reade

18 Textiles 336
Irene Good

19 Watercraft 347
R.A. Carter

IV Varieties of Early Village and Town Life 373

20 The Northern Levant 375
Karin Bartl

21 The Southern Levant 396
E.B. Banning

22 Northern Mesopotamia 415
Stuart Campbell

23 The Late Epipaleolithic, Neolithic, and Chalcolithic of the Anatolian Plateau, 13,000–4000 BC 431
Douglas Baird

24 Southern Mesopotamia 466
Joan Oates

25 The Arabian Peninsula 485
Philipp Drechsler

26 The Iranian Plateau 501
Barbara Helwing

27 Southwestern Iran 512
Abbas Moghaddam

V Bronze Age Cities of the Plains and the Highlands 531

28 Southern Mesopotamia 533
Jason Ur

29 Northern Mesopotamia 556
Timothy Matney

30 The Anatolian Plateau 575
Christoph Bachhuber

31 Iran 596
Christopher P. Thornton

32 The Northern Levant 607
Hermann Genz

33 The Southern Levant 629
Timothy P. Harrison


List of Illustrations x

List of Tables xii

Maps xiii

VI The Archaeology of Empire 647

34 The Akkadian Period: Empire, Environment, and Imagination 649
Augusta McMahon

35 The Caucasus and the Near East 668
Adam T. Smith

36 Central Asia, the Steppe, and the Near East, 2500–1500 BC 687
Michael D. Frachetti and Lynne M. Rouse

37 The Ur III, Old Babylonian, and Kassite Empires 706
Marlies Heinz

38 The Hittite Empire 722
Trevor Bryce

39 Elam: Iran’s First Empire 740
Javier Álvarez-Mon

40 India’s Relations with Western Empires, 2300–600 BC 758
Gregory L. Possehl

41 Levantine Kingdoms of the Late Bronze Age 770
Peter Pfälzner

42 Neo-Hittite and Phrygian Kingdoms of North Syria and Anatolia 797
Ann C. Gunter

43 North Arabian Kingdoms 816
Arnulf Hausleiter

44 Egypt and the Near East 833
Thomas Hikade

45 The Assyrian Heartland 851
Friedhelm Pedde

46 The Assyrians Abroad 867
Bradley J. Parker

47 The Urartian Empire 877
Alina Ayvazian

48 Iron Age Western Anatolia: The Lydian Empire and Dynastic Lycia 896
Christopher H. Roosevelt

49 The Neo-Babylonian Empire 914
Heather D. Baker

50 The Achaemenid Heartland: An Archaeological-Historical Perspective 931
Wouter F.M. Henkelman

51 The Achaemenid Provinces in Archaeological Perspective 963
Lori Khatchadourian

52 The Seleucid Kingdom 984
Lise Hannestad

53 The Arsacid (Parthian) Empire 1001
Stefan R. Hauser

54 Roman Rule in the Near East 1021
Bettina Fischer-Genz

55 The Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the Age of the Great Empires 1041
Steven E. Sidebotham

56 Byzantium in Asia Minor and the Levant 1060
Basema Hamarneh

57 The Sasanian Empire: An Archaeological Survey, c.220–AD 640 1076
Ali Mousavi and Touraj Daryaee

58 Christianity in the Late Antique Near East 1095
Cornelia Horn and Erica C.D. Hunter

Abbreviations 1113

References 1117

Index 1380

“To that end, the companion may be regarded as a successful contribution for students of Near Eastern archaeology, offering a copious amount of good quality material in two volumes that presents current state of knowledge about Near Eastern cultures from early prehistory to late antiquity.”  (Ancient West & East, 1 November 2015)