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A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign

Edward G. Lengel (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-444-35094-4 May 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 552 Pages


A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign explores the single largest and bloodiest battle in American military history, including its many controversies, in historiographical essays that reflect the current state of the field.

  • Presents original essays on the French and German participation in ‒ and perspectives on ‒ this important event
  • Makes use of original archival research from the United States, France, and Germany
  • Contributors include WWI scholars from France, Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom
  • Essays examine the military, social, and political consequences of the  Meuse-Argonne and points the way for future scholarship in this area

Notes on Contributors Viii

Introduction 1
Edward G. Lengel

Part I The Big Picture 5

1 Background to the Meuse-Argonne 7
Edward G. Lengel with James Lacey

2 Preparations 21
Brian F. Neumann

Part II Combat 37

3 The Chance of a Miracle at Montfaucon 39
William T. Walker, Jr.

4 The Battle of Blanc Mont 59
Christopher A. Shaw

5 The Lost Battalion 74
Kevin Mulberger and Edward G. Lengel

6 Clearing the Argonne 85
Edward A. Gutiérrez

7 Cracking the Kriemhilde Stellung: The Combined Actions of  the 5th, 32d, and 42d Divisions 103
Nathan A. Jones

8 Storming the Heights of the Meuse: The 29th and 33d Divisions  Fight for Control of the High Ground, 8–16 October 121
James S. Price

9 Breakthrough and Pursuit 140
Lon Strauss

10 African Americans in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive 159
Chad Williams

11 Heroes of the Meuse-Argonne 179
James Carl Nelson

12 “Oh, she’s a rather rough war, boys, but she’s better  than no war at all”: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive and the Diarists of the Rainbow Division 194
E. Bruce Geelhoed

Part III France and Germany in the Meuse-Argonne 213

13 The French Fourth Army in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 215
Elizabeth Greenhalgh

14 The 111th (German) Infanterie-Regiment by Exermont 232
Randal S. Gaulke

15 The 459th (German) Infanterie-Regiment  on the Hindenburg Line 248
Randal S. Gaulke

16 The German High Command during the Meuse-Argonne  Offensive: 26 September−31 October 1918 266
Markus Klauer

Part IV Perspectives 285

17 “There is a limit to human endurance”: The Challenges  to Morale in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 287
Richard S. Faulkner

18 Airpower during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive:  26 September–11 November 1918 309
Thomas Withington

19 French Armored Support during the First Phase  of the Campaign 325
Patrick R. Osborn

20 Artillery in the Meuse-Argonne 340
Justin G. Prince

21 Infantry Tactics in the Meuse-Argonne 357
Jeffrey LaMonica

22 Medical Support for the Meuse-Argonne 374
Sanders Marble

23 Meuse-Argonne Logistics: Barely Enough, Just in Time, Just Long Enough 390
Larry A. Grant

24 Communications in World War I: The Meuse-Argonne Campaign of 1918 410
William P. McEvoy

25 We Can Kill Them but We Cannot Stop Them: Evaluating the Meuse-Argonne Campaign 425
John D. Beatty

Part V Lessons 441

26 Changing Views on the Meuse-Argonne Offensive 443
Douglas Mastriano

27 Lessons Learned 457
Michael S. Neiberg

28 Remembering and Forgetting Meuse-Argonne: The Shifting Sands and Partitioned Perspectives of Memory 472
Kathy Warnes

29 The Greatest Battle Ever Forgotten: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive and American Memory 496
Steven Trout

Index 515