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A Guide to Zona Pellucida Domain Proteins



A Guide to Zona Pellucida Domain Proteins

Eveline S. Litscher, Paul M. Wassarman

ISBN: 978-1-119-04472-7 June 2015 200 Pages

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This book provides a coherent, clear, and uniform presentation of structural, genetic, molecular, and biochemical information available for the zona pellucida domain protein family, which impact pathologies such as infertility, deafness, and cancer. Furthermore it:

  • Details information about the structure and function of the ZP domain in ZPDC-proteins
  • Provides illustrations of the organization of ZPDC-proteins, the genes that encode the proteins, and examples of mutations in the ZP domain that cause diseases
  • Speculates as to the evolution of the ZP domain and potential therapeutics for diseases stemming from ZP domain mutations
  • Addresses mammalian and non-mammalian systems

List of Tables xi

Introduction to the Wiley Series on Protein and Peptide Science xiii

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xvii

List of Abbreviations xix

Part A Zona Pellucida Domain Proteins 1

A.1 Nature of the Zona Pellucida Domain 1

A.2 Mouse ZP Proteins 2

A.3 Synthesis, Secretion, and Assembly of ZP Proteins 7

A.4 Structure of the ZPD 13

A.5 Evolution of ZPD Proteins 18

Part B Mammalian Zona Pellucida Proteins 21

B.1 Introduction 21

B.2 Monotremes 22

B.3 Marsupials 24

B.4 Placental Mammals 25

B.4.a Mouse 26

B.4.b Rat 26

B.4.c Hamster 28

B.4.d Rabbit 30

B.4.e Cow 32

B.4.f Pig 33

B.4.g Dog 35

B.4.h Monkey 36

B.4.i Chimpanzee 38

B.4.j Human 40

B.5 Mammalian ZP Proteins as Antifertility Vaccines 45

B.6 Summary Tables 48

Part C Mammalian Zona Pellucida Domain Proteins 53

C.1 Betaglycan/TGFβ]Receptor Type III 53

C.2 CUB and Zona Pellucida]like Domain 1 (CUZD]1) Proteins 55

C.2.a UTCZP/Itmap-1 55

C.2.b UO-44/ERG-1 56

C.3 Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumor 1 (DMBT1) Proteins 58

C.3.a CRP-Ductin 58

C.3.b DMBT1 60

C.3.c Ebnerin 62

C.3.d Hensin 63

C.3.e Vomeroglandin 65

C.4 Endoglin/CD]105 66

C.5 Liver]Specific ZPD]Containing Protein (LZP) 68

C.6 Oocyte]Secreted Protein 1 (Oosp1) 69

C.7 Pancreatic Zymogen Granule Protein (GP]2) 70

C.8 Placenta]Specific 1 (Plac1) 71

C.9 Tectorin]α and ]β 72

C.10 Uromodulin/Tamm–Horsfall Protein 78

C.11 Uromodulin]like Proteins 81

C.12 Summary Tables 84

Part D Non]mammalian Zona Pellucida Domain Proteins 87

D.1 Jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) 87

D.1.a Mesoglein 87

D.2 Sea Urchins (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) 90

D.2.a Oit-3 90

D.2.b UO-44 90

D.3 Nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans) 91

D.3.a Cuticlins 91

D.3.b DYF-7 93

D.3.c RAM-5 94

D.4 Mollusks (Haliotis rufescens) 96

D.4.a Vitelline envelope ZPs 96

D.5 Fruit Flies (Drosophila melanogaster) 101

D.5.a Dusky (dy), dusky-like (dyl), and miniature (m) 102

D.5.b Dumpy (dp) 104

D.5.c NompA (nompA) 105

D.5.d Papillote (pot) and piopio (pio) 107

D.5.e Quasimodo (qsm) 109

D.5.f Shavenbaby target genes (cyr, dyl, m, mey, neo, nyo, tyn, and zye) 109

D.6 Tunicates: Vitelline Coat Proteins and Oikosins 113

D.6.a Ciona: CiVC-16, -20, -182-1, -569 114

D.6.b Halocynthia: HrVC-120, HaVC-130 115

D.6.c Oikopleura: oikosins 117

D.7 Fish: Vitelline Envelope Proteins 118

D.7.a Salmonidae 119

D.7.b Cyprinidae 121

D.7.c Sparidae 122

D.7.d Adrianichthyidae 124

D.7.e Cynoglossidae 125

D.8 Amphibians: Vitelline Envelope Proteins 127

D.8.a Xenopus laevis 127

D.8.b Bufo arenarum 130

D.9 Reptiles: Predicted ZPD Proteins 133

D.9.a Anolis carolinensis 133

D.9.b Chelonia mydas 135

D.9.c Ophiophagus hannah 136

D.10 Birds: Vitelline Envelope Proteins 138

D.10.a Chicken vitelline envelope proteins 140

D.10.b Quail vitelline envelope proteins 143

D.11 Summary Tables 145

Part E Appendix 149

E.1 Sources of Sequence Information 149

E.2 Site(s) of ZP Protein Synthesis 154

E.3 Characteristics of Mammalian and Non-Mammalian ZPD Proteins 155

E.4 Comparison of Vertebrate ZP Proteins and Human ZP1–4 159

E.5 Sequence Alignments of ZPDs with 11 Cys Residues 161

E.5A Positions of Cys Residues of ZPDs with 11 Cys Residues 162

E.5B Positions of Cys Residues of Drosophila ZPDs with 11 Cys Residues 165

Index 167