A History of Alternative Dispute Resolution: The Story of a Political, Social, and Cultural Movement
William J. Usery
List of Acronyms xxi
ADR Timeline xxv
1. The Roots of ADR: The Deciding Stone to the European Law Merchant 1
2. Diplomatic ADR: Akhenaton to Woodrow Wilson 19
3. ADR Comes to America: The Precolonial Period to the Ten-Hour Day 41
4. The Civil War: The Limits and the Promise of ADR 55
5. Commercial and Business ADR: The Phoenicians to the American Arbitration Association 69
6. Employee and Union Struggles: Reconstruction to the Coal Wars 85
7. Trains and a World War: Pulling ADR into the Twentieth Century 97
8. Labor-Management ADR, 1920–1945: Bust and Boom 111
9. After the War: Taft-Hartley to the Steel Trilogy 125
10. Branching Out: ADR in the 1960s 141
11. New Rights and New Forms: ADR in the 1970s 159
12. Outside the Federal Realm: New Groups Pick Up the ADR Torch 177
13. Crisis and Rebirth: Labor-Management ADR in the 1980s 191
14. The Era of Win-Win: Nonlabor ADR Becomes a Force of Its Own 209
15. The Great Expansion: ADR in the 1990s 239
16. ADR and the Twenty-First Century: Threats and Hopes 259
About the Authors 283
- Offers a fascinating and inspiring history and summarizes the major social, political, and legal developments in the United States.
- Includes a wealth of personal stories about the leaders in the ADR movement.
- Editor is an international expert in the field of ADR.