A History of Murder: Personal Violence in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present
DescriptionThis book offers a fascinating and insightful overview of seven centuries of murder in Europe. It tells the story of the changing face of violence and documents the long-term decline in the incidence of homicide. From medieval vendettas to stylised duels, from the crime passionel of the modern period right up to recent public anxieties about serial killings and underworld assassinations, the book offers a richly illustrated account of murder’s metamorphoses.
In this original and compelling contribution, Spierenburg sheds new light on several important themes. He looks, for example, at the transformation of homicide from a private matter, followed by revenge or reconciliation, into a public crime, always subject to state intervention. Combining statistical data with a cultural approach, he demonstrates the crucial role gender played in the spiritualisation of male honour and the subsequent reduction of male-on-male aggression, as well as offering a comparative view of how different social classes practised and reacted to violence.
This authoritative study will be of great value to students and scholars of the history of crime and violence, criminology and the sociology of violence. At a time when murder rates are rising and public fears about violent crime are escalating, this book will also interest the general reader intrigued by how our relationship with murder reached this point.
1 Romeo's Kindred: The Fragility of Life in Medieval Europe 12
2 Sealed with a Kiss: From Acquiescence to Criminalization 43
3 Swords, Knives, and Sticks: The Social Differentiation of Male Fighting 65
4 Patriarchy and its Discontents: Women and the Domestic Sphere 114
5 Marks of Innocence: Babies and the Insane 143
6 M for Less: The Marginalization of Murder, 1800–1970 165
7 The Tables Turned: 1970 to the Present 206
""A dead good read.""
BBC History Magazine
""A fascinating story about the control of private aggressive urges over seven centuries.""
Joanna Bourke, History Today
""A remarkable achievement in drawing together an unusually broad and cross-cultural collection of materials, summarizing a complex field and offering a strong and coherent statement about the causes and contexts of historical changes in violent behavior.""
Journal of Social History
""Engaging, well informed, and laden with insight.""
Journal of Interdisciplinary History
""News addicts may be forgiven for thinking that we live in a time of unprecedented violence, but this book, intended for a general audience as well as scholars, proves them wrong ... Spierenburg does an admirable job of outlining these trends and many other facets of violence.""
Times Higher Education
""Spierenburg synthesises a tremendous amount of data to put forth a fascinating overview of the history of murder.""
European Review of History
""A powerful work [which] should help us to better understand past and present patterns of violence, culture and power.""
""Spierenburg achieves success in [his] difficult task through a combination of elements: the hypothesis is clear and simple, individual cases are well chosen and well narrated, space is given to rival interpretations, and differences between scholars are clearly articulated and evidence is fielded on one side or the other.""
British Journal of Criminology
""In A History of Murder one of the leading scholars of the subject provides in highly readable form the first thorough account of its changing patterns in Europe from the Middle Ages to our era. This work dispels many long-standing myths and fallacies, and puts in their place measured conclusions based on the most up-to-date research. The book provides a fascinating and accessible supplement to standard surveys of European history and essential historical context for the study of homicide and criminal violence today.""
Martin Wiener, Rice University
""Few would attempt to chart the pattern of homicide across Western Europe since the late Middle Ages; fewer still could carry it off as well as Pieter Spierenburg. He ranges widely across personal relationships, rituals, concepts of honour, and the growth of the state, as well as shifting attitudes to violence and homicide. He presents stimulating arguments about the development of modern society and about violence that merit careful consideration and deserve a wide audience.""
Clive Emsley, Open University
""This book is a triumph. Pieter Spierenburg has used his own research and others' to illumine the history of murder in the western world over many centuries, combining familiar literary sources with unfamiliar criminal statistics in ways that should appeal to scholars and general readers alike.""
Roger Lane, Haverford College