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Ableism: The Causes and Consequences of Disability Prejudice

Ableism: The Causes and Consequences of Disability Prejudice

Michelle R. Nario-Redmond

ISBN: 978-1-119-14214-0 August 2019 Wiley-Blackwell 400 Pages

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Description

The first comprehensive volume to integrate social-scientific literature on the origins and manifestations of prejudice against disabled people

Ableism, prejudice against disabled people stereotyped as incompetent and dependent, can elicit a range of reactions that include fear, contempt, pity, and inspiration. Current literature—often narrowly focused on a specific aspect of the subject or limited in scope to psychoanalytic tradition—fails to examine the many origins and manifestations of ableism. Filling a significant gap in the field, Ableism: The Causes and Consequences of Disability Prejudice is the first work to synthesize classic and contemporary studies on the evolutionary, ideological, and cognitive-emotional sources of ableism. This comprehensive volume examines new manifestations of ableism, summarizes the state of research on disability prejudice, and explores real-world personal accounts and interventions to illustrate the various forms and impacts of ableism.

This important contribution to the field combines evidence from multiple theoretical perspectives, including published and unpublished work from both disabled and nondisabled constituents, on the causes, consequences, and elimination of disability prejudice. Each chapter places findings in the context of contemporary theories—identifying methodological limits and suggesting alternative interpretations. Topics include the evolutionary and existential origins of disability prejudice, cultural and impairment-specific stereotypes, interventions to reduce prejudice, and how to effect social change through collective action and advocacy. Adopting a holistic approach to the study of disability prejudice, this accessibly-written volume:

  • Provides an inclusive, up-to-date exploration of the origins and expressions of ableism
  • Addresses how to resist ableist practices, prioritize accessible policies, and create more equitable social relations with pages earmarked for activists and allies
  • Focuses on interpersonal and intergroup analysis from a social-psychological perspective
  • Integrates research from multiple disciplines to illustrate critical cognitive, affective and behavioral mechanisms and manifestations of ableism
  • Suggests future research directions based on topics covered in each chapter

Ableism: The Causes and Consequences of Disability Prejudice is an important resource for social, community and rehabilitation psychologists, scholars and researchers of disability studies, and students, activists, and academics across political, sociological, and humanistic disciplines.

Foreword ix

1 Introduction: Defining Ableism 1

Activist pages 34

2 The Evolutionary and Existential Origins of Ableism 37

Activist pages 76

3 Justifying Ableism: Ideologies and Language 80

Activist pages 120

4 Cultural and Impairment-Specific Stereotypes 124

Activist pages 162

5 Hostile, Ambivalent, and Paternalistic Attitudes and Interactions 166

Activist pages 216

6 Contending with Ableism from Internalized Ableism to Collective Action 220
Co-authored with Arielle Silverman

Activist pages 262

7 Interventions to Reduce Prejudice 266

Activist pages 310

8 Beyond Contact: Promoting Social Change and Disability Justice 314

Activist pages 364

Appendix: Summary of Future Research Questions 369

Index 376