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Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communications

Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communications

George V. Tsoulos (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-780-36016-7

Jan 2001, Wiley-IEEE Press

776 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock

$239.00

Description

In the past decade, the wireless communications community recognized adaptive antennas as a core technology that would help existing systems overcome problems related to spectrum efficiency and provide a vehicle to achieve the ambitious requirements of next-generation networks. The communications industry has already begun to develop adaptive antenna systems for commercial use and at the same time is working with standardization institutes around the world to produce adaptive antenna-friendly standards.

Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communications is a concise, detailed resource of information for all critical issues related to this technology and is compiled from the original published work of experts in the field.

The extensive literature covers:

  • Historical and background aspects
  • Radio channel simulation techniques and characteristics
  • Adaptive algorithm performance under a variety of conditions
  • Adaptive antenna performance in different operational environments
  • Design and implementation issues
  • Experimental results
  • Other issues such as network planning and recent novel techniques
Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communications is a valuable reference for helping consultants, researchers, communications professionals, academics, and students gain an in-depth understanding of adaptive antenna technology.

Preface xi

Chapter 1 Introduction and Channel Models 1

Adaptive Antenna Systems 3
B. Widrow, P. E. Mantey, L. J. Griffiths, and B. B. Goode {IEEE Proceedings, December 1967)

Overview of Spatial Channel Models for Antenna Array Communication Systems 20
R. B. Ertel, P. Cardieri, K. W. Sowerby, T. S. Rappaport, and J. H. Reed (IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, February 1998).

Antenna Systems for Base Station Diversity in Urban Small and Micro Cells 33
P. C. F. Eggers, J. Tcttgard, and A. M. Oprea {Journal on Selected Areas of Communication, September
1993).

A Statistical Model for Angle of Arrival in Indoor Multipath Propagation 44
Q. Spencer, M. Rice, B. Jeffs, and M. Jensen {IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 1997).

Chapter 2 Adaptive Algorithms 49

Highlights of Statistical Signal and Array Processing 51
A. Hero {IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, September 1998).

Application of Antenna Arrays to Mobile Communications, Part II: Beamforming and Direction-of-Arrival Considerations 95
L. C. Godara {Proceedings of the IEEE, August 1997).

High-Resolution Frequency-Wavenumber Spectrum Analysis 146
J. Capon {Proceedings of the IEEE, August 1969).

An Algorithm for Linearly Constrained Adaptive Array Processing 157
O. L. Frost lll{Proceedings of the IEEE, August 1972).

The Application of Spectral Estimation Methods to Bearing Estimation Problems 167
D. H. Johnson {Proceedings of the IEEE, September 1982).

On Spatial Smoothing for Direction-of-Arrival Estimation of Coherent Signals 178
T-J. Shan, M. Wax, and T. Kailath {IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, August 1985).

Detection of Signals by Information Theoretic Criteria 184
M. Wax and T. Kailath {IEEE Transaction on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, April 1985).

Multiple Emitter Location and Signal Parameter Estimation 190
R. O. Schmidt {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1986).

Using Spectral Estimation Techniques in Adaptive Processing Antenna Systems 195
W. F. Gabriel {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1986).

Implementation of Adaptive Array Algorithms 205
R. Schreiber {IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, October 1986).

Steady State Analysis of the Generalized Sidelobe Canceller by Adaptive Noise Cancelling Techniques 213
N. K. Jablon {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1986).

Adaptive-Adaptive Array Processing 221
E. Brookner and J. M. Howell {Proceedings of the IEEE, April 1986).

ESPRIT—Estimation of Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques 224
R. Roy and T. Kailath {IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, July 1989).

Spectral Self-Coherence Restoral: A New Approach to Blind Adaptive Signal Extraction Using Antenna
Arrays 236
B. G. Agee, S. V. Schell, and W. A. Gardner {Proceedings of the IEEE, April 1990).

Sensor Array Processing Based on Subspace Fitting 250
M. Viberg and B. Ottersten {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, May 1991).

Direction-of-Arrival Estimation via Exploitation of Cyclostationarity—A Combination of Temporal and
Spatial Processing 261
G. Xu and T. Kailath {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, July 1992).

Space-Alternating Generalized Expectation Maximization Algorithm 272
J. A. Fessler and A. O. Hero {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, October 1994).

Unitary ESPRIT: How to Obtain Increased Estimation Accuracy with a Reduced Computational Burden 286
M. Haardt and J. A. Nossek {IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, May 1995).

Joint Angle and Delay Estimation (JADE) for Multipath Signals Arriving at an Antenna Array 297
M. C. Vanderveen, C. B. Papadias, and A. Paulraj {IEEE Communications Letters, January 1997).

Chapter 3 Performance Issues 301

Smart Antennas for Mobile Communication Systems: Benefits and Challenges 303
G. V. Tsoulos {Electronics & Communication Engineering Journal, April 1999).

An Adaptive Array in a Spread-Spectrum Communication System 314
R. T. Compton, Jr. {Proceedings of the IEEE, March 1978).

On the Performance of a Polarization Sensitive Adaptive Array 324
R. T. Compton, Jr. {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, September 1981).

Effect of Mutual Coupling on the Performance of Adaptive Arrays 332
I. J. Gupta and A. A. Ksienski {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, September 1983).

Optimum Combining in Digital Mobile Radio with Co-channel Interference 339
J. H. Winters {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, August 1984).

On Optimum Combining at the Mobile 351
R. G. Vaughan {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, November 1988).

The Performance of an LMS Adaptive Array with Frequency Hopped Signals 359
L. Acar and R. T. Compton, Jr. {IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, May 1985).

An LMS Adaptive Array for Multipath Fading Reduction 371
Y. Ogawa, M. Ohmiya, and K. Itoh {IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, January 1987).

Optimum Combining for Indoor Radio Systems with Multiple Users 378
J. H. Winters {IEEE Transactions on Communications, November 1987).

The Performance Enhancement of Multibeam Adaptive Base-Station Antennas for Cellular Land Mobile
Radio Systems 387
S. C. Swales, M. A. Beach, D. J. Edwards, and J. P. McGeehan {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular
Technology, February 1990).

Combination of an Adaptive Array Antenna and a Canceller of Interference for Direct-Sequence Spread-
Spectrum Multiple-Access System 399
R. Kohno, H. Imai, M. Hatori, and S. Pasupathy {IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, May 1990).

Direction Finding in the Presence of Mutual Coupling 406
B. Friendlander and A. J. Weiss {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1991).

Improving the Performance of a Slotted ALOHA Packet Radio Network with an Adaptive Array 418
J. Ward and R. T. Compton, Jr. {IEEE Transactions on Communications, February 1992).

Signal Acquisition and Tracking with Adaptive Arrays in the Digital Mobile Radio System IS-54 with Flat Fading 427
J. H. Winters {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, November 1993).

Effect of Fading Correlation on Adaptive Arrays in Digital Mobile Radio 435
J. Salz and J. H. Winters {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, November 1994).

Capacity Improvement with Base-Station Antenna Arrays in Cellular CDMA 444
A. F. Naguib, A. Paulraj, and T. Kailath {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, August 1994).

Analytical Results for Capacity Improvements in CDMA 452
J. C. Liberti and T. S. Rappaport {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, August 1994).

Adaptive Transmitting Antenna Arrays with Feedback 463
D. Gerlach and A. Paulraj {IEEE Signal Processing Letters, October 1994).

Adaptive Antennas for Third Generation DS-CDMA Cellular Systems 466
G. V. Tsoulos, M. A. Beach, and S. C. Swales {Proceedings of 45th Vehicular Technology Conference, July 1995).

The Spectrum Efficiency of Base Station Antenna Array System for Spatially Selective Transmission 471
P. Zetterberg and B. Ottersten {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, August 1995).

Capacity Enhancement and BER in a Combined SDMA/TDMA System 481
J. Fuhl and A. F. Molisch {Proceedings of the 46th Vehicular Technology Conference, April 1996).

Performance of Wireless CDMA with M-ary Orthogonal Modulation and Cell Site Antenna Arrays 486
A. F. Naguib and A. Paulraj {IEEE Journal of Selected Areas in Communications, December 1996).

Smart Antenna Arrays for CDMA Systems 500
J. S. Thompson, P. N. Grant, and B. Mulgrew {IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, October 1996).

Efficient Direction and Polarization Estimation with a COLD Array 510
J. Li, P. Stoica and D. Zheng {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, April 1996).

Upper Bounds on the Bit-Error Rate of Optimum Combining in Wireless Systems 519
J. H. Winters and J. Salz {IEEE Transactions on Communications, December 1998).

The Range Increase of Adaptive Versus Phased Arrays in Mobile Radio Systems 525
J. H. Winters and M. J. Gans {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, March 1999).

A Comparison of Two Systems for Downlink Communication with Base Station Antenna Arrays 535
P. Zetterberg {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, September 1999).

Chapter 4 Implementation Issues 551

Fundamentals of Digital Array Processing 553
D. E. Dudgeon {Proceedings of the IEEE, June 1977).

A Novel Algorithm and Architecture for Adaptive Digital Beamforming 560
C. P. Ward, P. J. Hargrave, and J. G. McWhirter {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1986).

Nonlinearities in Digital Manifold Phased Arrays 569
B. D. Mathews {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, November 1986).

Adaptive Beamforming with the Generalized Sidelobe Canceller in the Presence of Array Imperfections 579
N. K. Jablon {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, August 1986).

An Efficient Algorithm and Systolic Architecture for Multiple Channel Adaptive Filtering 596
S. M. Yuen, K. Abend, and R. S. Berkowitz {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, May 1988).

Mutual Coupling Compensation in Small Array Antennas 603
H. Steyskal and J. S. Herd {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, December 1995).

A Unified Approach to the Design of Robust Narrow-Band Antenna Array Processors 607
M-H. Er and A. Cantoni {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, January 1990).

Design Trades for Rotman Lenses 614
R. C. Hansen {IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, April 1991).

Optimum Networks for Simultaneous Multiple Beam Antennas 623
E. C. DuFort (IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, January 1992).

Direction Finding in Phased Arrays with a Neural Network Beamformer 630
H. L. Southall, J. A. Simmers, and T. H. O'Donnell (IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,
December 1995).

Application of Orthogonal Codes to the Calibration of Active Phased Array Antennas for Communication
Satellites 636
S. D. Silverstein (IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, January 1997).

The Analogy Between the Butler Matrix and the Neural-Network Direction-Finding Array 649
R. J. Mailloux and H. L. Southall (IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, December 1997).

Forward-Backward Averaging in the Presence of Array Manifold Errors 655
M. Zatman and D. Marshall (IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, November 1998).

Chapter 5 Experiments 661

Multiple Source DF Signal Processing: An Experimental System 663
R. O. Schmidt and R. E. Franks (IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, March 1986).

An Implementation of a CMA Adaptive Array for High Speed GMSK Transmission in Mobile
Communications 673
T. Ohgane, T. Shimura, N. Matsuzawa, and H. Sasaoka (IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,
August 1993).

A Four-Element Adaptive Antenna Array for IS-136 PCS Base Stations 680
R. L. Cupo, G. D. Golden, C. C. Martin, K. L. Sherman, N. R. Sollenberger, J. H. Winters, and P. W.
Wolniasky (IEEE 46th Vehicular Technology Conference, May 1996).

Ericsson/Mannesmann GSM Field-Trials with Adaptive Antennas 685
S. Anderson, U. Forssen, J. Karlsson, T. Witzschel, P. Fischer, and A. Krug (IEEE 46th Vehicular
Technology Conference, May 1996).

Preliminary Measurement Results from an Adaptive Antenna Array Testbed for GSM/UMTS 690
P. E. Mogensen, K. I. Pedersen, P. Leth-Espensen, B. Fleury, F. Frederiksen, K. Olesen, and S. L. Larsen
(IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 1997).

Performance Evaluation of a Cellular Base Station Multibeam Antenna 695
Y. Li, M. Feuerstein, and D. O. Reudink (IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, February 1997).

Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) Field Trials. Part 1: Tracking and BER Performance 704
G. V. Tsoulos, J. McGeehan, and M. Beach (IEE Proceedings of Radar, Sonar, and Navigation, February
1998).

Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA) Field Trials. Part 2: Calibration and Linearity Issues 710
G. V. Tsoulos, J. McGeehan, and M. Beach (IEE Proceedings of Radar, Sonar, and Navigation, February
1998).

Chapter 6 Applications and Planning Issues 717

High Data Rate Indoor Wireless Communications Using Antenna Arrays 719
M. J. Gans, R. A. Valenzuela, J. H. Winters, and M. J. Carloni (6th International Symposium on Personal,
Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, September 1995).

On Optimizing Base Station Antenna Array Topology for Coverage Extension in Cellular Radio Networks 726
J-W. Liang and A. J. Paulraj (IEEE 45th Vehicular Technology Conference, July 1995).

Usage of Adaptive Arrays to Solve Resource Planning Problems 731
M. Frullone, P. Grazioso, C. Passerini, and G. Riva (Proceedings of the 46th Vehicular Technology
Conference, April 1996).

Subscriber Location in CDMA Cellular Networks 735
J. Caffery, Jr. and G. L. Stiiber {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, May 1998).

On the Capacity Formula for Multiple Input-Multiple Output Wireless Channels: A Geometric Interpretation 745
P. F. Driessen and G. J. Foschini (IEEE Transactions on Communications, February 1999).

Optimum Space-Time Processors with Dispersive Interference: Unified Analysis and Required Filter Span 749
S. L. Ariyavisitakul, J. H. Winters, and I. Lee (IEEE Transactions on Communications, July 1999).

Author Index 761

Subject Index 763