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Advanced Multicarrier Technologies for Future Radio Communication: 5G and Beyond

Advanced Multicarrier Technologies for Future Radio Communication: 5G and Beyond

Hanna Bogucka, Adrian Kliks, Pawel Kryszkiewicz

ISBN: 978-1-119-16893-5

Jul 2017

304 pages


A practical review of state-of-the-art non-contiguous multicarrier technologies that are revolutionizing how data is transmitted, received, and processed

This book addresses the advantages and the limitations of modern multicarrier technologies and how to meet the challenges they pose using non-contiguous multicarrier technologies and novel algorithms that enhance spectral efficiency, interference robustness, and reception performance. It explores techniques using non-contiguous subcarriers which allow for flexible spectrum aggregation while achieving high spectral efficiency and flexible transmission and reception at lower OSI layers. These include non-contiguous orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (NC-OFDM), its enhanced version, non-contiguous filter-bank-based multicarrier (NC-FBMC), and generalized multicarrier. 

Following an overview of current multicarrier technologies for radio communication, the authors examine particular properties of these technologies that allow for more efficient usage within key directions of 5G. They examine the principles of NC-OFDM and discuss efficient transmitter and receiver design. They present the principles of FBMC modulation and discuss key challenges for FBMC communications while comparing performance results with traditional OFDM. They move on from there to a fascinating discussion of GMC modulation within which they clearly demonstrate how that technology encompasses all of the advantages of previously discussed techniques, as well as all imaginable multi- and single-carrier waveforms. 

  • Addresses the problems and limitations of current multicarrier technologies (OFDM)
  • Describes innovative techniques using non-contiguous multicarrier waveforms as well as filter-band based and generalized multicarrier waveforms
  • Provides a thorough review of the practical limitations and solutions for evolving and breakthrough 5G communication technologies
  • Explores the future outlook for non-contiguous multicarrier technologies as regards their greater industrial realization, hardware practicality, and other challenges

Advanced Multicarrier Technologies for Future Radio Communication: 5G and Beyondis an indispensable working resource fortelecommunication engineers, researchers and academics, as well as graduate and post-graduate students of telecommunications. At the same time, it provides a fascinating look at the shape of things to come for telecommunication industry executives, telecom operators, regulators, policy makers, and economists. 

Preface ix

List of Abbreviations xiii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 5G Radio Communications 2

1.2 Challenges for Future Radio Communications 6

1.3 Initiatives for the Future Radio Interface Definition 8

2 Multicarrier Technologies in Radio Communication Systems 11

2.1 The Principles of OFDM 15

2.2 Nonlinear Distortions in Multicarrier Systems 18

2.2.1 Power Amplifier Models 22

2.3 PAPR Reduction Methods 25

2.4 Link Adaptation in Multicarrier Systems 31

2.5 Reception Techniques and CFO Sensitivity 35

2.5.1 Synchronization 35

2.5.2 Channel Estimation and Equalization 40

3 Noncontiguous OFDM for Future Radio Communications 45

3.1 Enhanced NC-OFDM with Cancellation Carriers 54

3.1.1 Reception Quality Improvement for Cancellation Carrier Method 57

3.1.2 Reduced-Complexity Reduced-Power Combination of CCs and Windowing 63

3.1.3 Rate and Power Issues with the CC Method 64

3.2 Reduction of Subcarrier Spectrum Sidelobes by Flexible Quasi-Systematic Precoding 69

3.2.1 Precoder Design 70

3.2.2 Reception Quality Improvement for NC-OFDM with Quasi-Systematic Precoding 72

3.3 Optimized Cancellation Carriers Selection 77

3.3.1 Computational Complexity 80

3.3.2 Heuristic Approach to OCCS 80

3.4 Reduction of Nonlinear Effects in NC-OFDM 85

3.4.1 Sequential PAPR and OOB Power Reduction 88

3.4.2 Joint Non-linear Effects Reduction with Extra Carriers 91

3.5 NC-OFDM Receiver Design 101

3.5.1 NC-OFDM Receiver Synchronization 103

3.5.2 In-Band-Interference Robust Synchronization Algorithm for an NC-OFDMSystem 106

3.5.3 Performance Evaluation 119

3.5.4 Computational Complexity 126

3.6 Summary: Potentials and Challenges of NC-OFDM 127

4 Generalized Multicarrier Techniques for 5G Radio 131

4.1 The Principles of GMC 132

4.1.1 Frame Theory and Gabor Transform 135

4.1.2 Short-Time Fourier Transform and Gabor Transform 140

4.1.3 Calculation of the Dual Pulse 141

4.1.4 GMC Transceiver Design Using Polyphase Filters 143

4.2 Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction in GMC Transmitters 145

4.2.1 Optimization of the Synthesis Pulse Shape for Minimization of Nonlinear Distortions 145

4.2.2 Active Constellation Extension for GMC Signals 150

4.3 Link Adaptation in GMC Systems 159

4.3.1 Two-DimensionalWater-Filling 159

4.3.2 AdaptiveModulation in GMC Transmitters 165

4.3.3 Application of the Modified Hughes–Hartogs Algorithm in GMC Systems 167

4.3.4 Remarks on Link Adaptation in the GMC Transmission 170

4.4 GMC Receiver Issues 173

4.4.1 Received Signal Analysis 174

4.4.2 Successive Interference Cancellation (SIC) 177

4.4.3 Parallel Interference Cancellation (PIC) 179

4.4.4 Hybrid Interference Cancellation (HIC) 181

4.5 Summary 190

5 Filter-Bank-Based Multicarrier Technologies 193

5.1 The Principles of FBMC Transmission 194

5.2 FBMC Transceiver Design 196

5.3 Pulse Design 199

5.3.1 Nyquist Filters and Ambiguity Function 199

5.3.2 IOTA Function 200

5.3.3 PHYDYAS Pulse 203

5.3.4 Other Pulse-Shape Proposals for FBMC 205

5.4 Practical FBMC System Design Issues 207

5.4.1 Self-Interference Problem in the FBMC Systems 207

5.4.2 Computational Complexity 209

5.4.3 Limitations of FBMC in Burst Transmission Schemes 211

5.4.4 MIMO technique for FBMC Transmission 211

5.5 Filter-bank-Based Multicarrier Systems Revisited 213

5.6 Summary 218

6 Multicarrier Technologies for Flexible Spectrum Usage 219

6.1 Cognitive Radio 219

6.2 Spectrum Sharing and Licensing Schemes 223

6.2.1 Exclusive Use of Spectrum 225

6.2.2 License Exempt Rules 225

6.2.3 Licensed Shared Access and Authorized Shared Access 226

6.2.4 Citizen Broadband Radio Service and Spectrum Access System 226

6.2.5 Pluralistic Licensing 227

6.2.6 Licensed Assisted Access 227

6.2.7 Co-Primary Shared Access 228

6.3 Dynamic Spectrum Access Based on Multicarrier

Technologies 228

6.3.1 DSA Based on Spectrum Pricing 229

6.3.2 DSA Based on Coopetition 231

6.4 Dynamic Spectrum Aggregation 231

6.4.1 Complexity and Aggregation Dynamics 236

6.4.2 Transmitter Issues 237

6.4.3 Receiver Issues 239

6.4.4 Throughput Maximization 241

6.5 Summary 245

7 Conclusions and Future Outlook 247

References 251

Index 283