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Allies for Inclusion: Disability and Equity in Higher Education: ASHE Volume 39, Number 5

Allies for Inclusion: Disability and Equity in Higher Education: ASHE Volume 39, Number 5

Karen A. Myers, Jaci Jenkins Lindburg, Danielle M. Nied

ISBN: 978-1-118-84611-7 January 2014 Jossey-Bass 152 Pages


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Here is an overview of students with disabilities in postsecondary institutions and the importance of allies in their lives. It is a call to action for faculty, staff, and administrators in all facets of higher education, and emphasizes the shared responsibility toward students with disabilities and toward creating meaningful change.

This monograph begins with a look into the future of disability education. How will students create their own identities? Will there be a need for disability accommodations or will a universally designed world eliminate that current necessity? It also looks at the past, with discussions of disability legislation such as the ADA of 1990, the impact of Supreme Court decisions, descriptions of college students with disabilities, and the paradigm shift from the medical “deficit” model of disability to one that focuses on the individual’s lived experience as a social construct.

Drawing on theoretical frameworks in multiple disciplines, disability identity development is explained, ally development is defined, and disability services are explored. The monograph ends with a discussion of where disability education is now and how faculty, staff, and administrators will continue to be allies of inclusion for students in the years to come.

This is the 5th issue of the 39th volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.

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Executive Summary ix

Foreword xiii

Acknowledgments xvii

The Future of Equity and Inclusion: Creating Meaningful Change 1

Disability Defined: What Does It Mean? 6

Overview of the Monograph 8

A Historical Overview of the Disability Movement 13

Key Definitions and Early Policies 13

Groundbreaking Legislation: The Rehabilitation Act and ADA 16

Discussion of Key Court Cases 21

Conclusion 28

Disability of College Campuses: An Overview 31

Disability in Higher Education: What Is It? 32

College Students With Disabilities: Who Are They? 35

College Students With Disabilities: What Are They Saying? 38

Perceptions and Preferences of Students and Employees With Disabilities 41

Disability Services in Higher Education: What Is Provided? 43

Students With Disabilities: A Shared Responsibility 46

Conclusion 48

Understanding Campus Complexity: Problems, Challenges, and Marginalization 49

Models of Disability 50

Major Student Development Theories Related to Disability 55

Attitudes Toward Disability 59

Disability Services on Campus 63

Student Veterans With Disabilities 65

Conclusion 66
Increasing Awareness: Allies, Advocacy, and the Campus Community 69

Defining Ally 70

Membership 72

Allies From Majority Identities 73

Allies Within Community 74

Theories of Ally Development 75

Praxis 80

Community of Allies 82

Allies for Disability: A Paradigm for Support 82

Conclusion 84

Increasing Awareness: Language, Communication Strategies, and Universally Designed Environments 85

Language of Disability 86

Communication Strategies 89

Communication Tips 90

Universally Designed Environments 93

Universal Design 93

Universal Instructional Design 94

Universal Design for Student Development 96

Conclusion 98

The New Movement in Disability Education and Advocacy 101

A New Vision for Disability 101

Education Curriculum 104

Inclusion Initiatives 104

The New Look of Disability 106

A Personal Call to Action 106

A Global Call to Action 107

References 109

Name Index 121

Subject Index 125

About the Authors 131