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America Between the Wars, 1919-1941: A Documentary Reader

America Between the Wars, 1919-1941: A Documentary Reader

David Welky (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-444-33896-6

Jan 2012, Wiley-Blackwell

280 pages

In Stock

$102.95

Description

This collection situates over seventy essential primary documents in their historical context to illustrate the American experience during the interwar era (1919-1941).
  • Introduces a broad range of cultural and historical topics, from race and the role of women to trends in literature and the Great Depression
  • Includes a range of photographs and illustrations
  • End-of-chapter questions encourage critical thinking and analysis,  while a bibliography prepares students for further research
List of Illustrations ix

Series Editors' Preface x

Source Acknowledgments xii

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Challenges to Postwar Readjustment 10

1 W. E. B. DuBois, "Returning Soldiers," 1919 10

2 Jack Gaveel, Workers Need to Radicalize, 1919 12

3 A. Mitchell Palmer on Communism in America, 1920 15

4 Warren Harding, “Readjustment,” 1920 18

5 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Immigration Hurts America, 1923 20

Chapter 2 Social Battles of the 1920s 24

1 Grand Dragon Hiram Evans on the Klan and Americanism, 1926 24

2 "The Menace of Fundamentalism," 1925 30

3 Edwin E. Slosson, "The Futility of Anti-Prohibition," 1920 32

4 "Why Boston Wishes to Hang Sacco and Vanzetti," 1927 34

Chapter 3 The New Negro 38

1 Floyd J. Calvin, Criticizing Southern Lynching, 1923 38

2 Marcus Garvey Addresses UNIA Supporters in Philadelphia, 1919 41

3 Alain Locke, "Harlem," 1925 43

4 Pace Phonograph Corporation, Supporting Black Businesses, 1921 47

5 Zora Neale Hurston, "How It Feels to Be Colored Me," 1928 49

6 Aaron Douglas, Aspects of Negro Life, 1934 and Into Bondage, 1936 52

Chapter 4 New Trends in Literature 55

1 Edna St. Vincent Millay, "Spring," 1920 55

2 Sinclair Lewis, Main Street, 1920 56

3 Countee Cullen, "Heritage," 1925 61

4 Nella Larsen, Quicksand, 1928 65

Chapter 5 Women in the 1920s 70

1 Viola I. Paradise, Housekeeping and Childcare in Rural Montana, 1919 70

2 Letters from Mothers to the Children's Bureau, 1920–7 74

3 Crystal Eastman, Radical Feminism, 1920 76

4 Margaret Sanger Defends Birth Control, 1923 79

5 Advertisement for Lysol Disinfectant: Tradition Meets the New Woman, 1928 82

Chapter 6 Mass Culture 85

1 Bruce Bliven, Radio's Promise and Pitfalls, 1924 85

2 Cartoons Celebrating Charles Lindbergh's Transatlantic Flight, 1927 89

3 Motion Pictures in Middletown, 1929 91

4 John R. Tunis on College Football, 1928 94

5 Paul Gallico Discusses the Relevance of Babe Ruth, 1932 97

Chapter 7 The Onset of the Great Depression 102

1 Paul Abbot on the National Economy, 1929 102

2 New York Times, First Day of the Crash, 1929 107

3 Herbert Hoover Speaks to the Press about the Economy, 1929 110

4 Calvin Coolidge, A Bright Economic Future If We Stay the Course, 1932 111

Chapter 8 To Fear or Not to Fear 116

1 Walter Lippmann, Candidate Franklin Roosevelt, 1932 116

2 Herbert Hoover, The Proposed New Deal Will Ruin Us, 1932 119

3 Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat on Banking, 1933 122

4 Cartoon Celebrating the National Recovery Administration, 1933 126

Chapter 9 Voices from the Great Depression 129

1 Clarence Lee, Riding the Rails during the Great Depression, 1999 129

2 Ann Marie Low, Farming in the Dust Bowl, 1930–2 132

3 John L. Spivak, Migrant Farm Workers, 1934 136

4 Howard Kester, The Southern Tenant Farmers Union's "Ceremony of the Land," 1937 141

Chapter 10 The New Deal: Critics and Limitations 146

1 James P. Cannon, In Support of Unionization, 1934 146

2 Huey Long, "Every Man a King," 1934 148

3 Raymond E. Click to Franklin Roosevelt, The New Deal Means Socialism, 1935 152

4 The Saturday Evening Post Attacks Intrusive Government, 1935 153

5 Cartoons Denouncing the Court-Packing Plan, 1937 155

Chapter 11 People of Color in the Age of Roosevelt 159

1 Herman J. D. Carter, An Injustice at Scottsboro, 1933 159

2 James R. Reid, Joe Louis: African American Hero, 1938 161

3 John Collier on A New Deal for Native Americans, 1938 163

4 Eva Lowe (Chen Junqi) Describes Chinese American Life during the Depression, 1982 166

5 Luisa Moreno, Latinos and American Identity, 1940 169

Chapter 12 Women in the New Deal Era 174

1 Babe Didrikson: Viking Girl, 1932 174

2 Meridel Le Sueur, "I Was Marching," 1934 178

3 Bruce Gould and Beatrice Blackmar Gould, A Modern Marriage, 1937 182

4 Eleanor Roosevelt, "My Day," 1937, 1939 183

5 Letters from African American Women to the Federal Government, 1935–41 187

6 Dorothea Lange, Photos of Women Surviving Hard Times, 1939 192

Chapter 13 Raising the Walls in Turbulent Times 197

1 Henry Cabot Lodge Denounces the Proposed League of Nations, 1919 197

2 Harry Elmer Barnes, World War I Was a Mistake, 1926 200

3 Calvin Coolidge, Address to Congress Regarding the Invasion of Nicaragua, 1927 204

4 The Sinking of the Panay, 1937 206

Chapter 14 The Great Debate: America Encounters World War II 211

1 Franklin Roosevelt's Neutrality Message, 1939 211

2 Charles Lindbergh, America is Drifting toward War, 1940 214

3 Franklin Roosevelt, Fireside Chat on "An Arsenal of Democracy," 1940 217

4 A. Philip Randolph Calls for a March on Washington, 1941 222

5 Franklin Roosevelt Declares an Unlimited National Emergency, 1941 225

Chapter 15 Popular Culture and the Great Debate 228

1 Will Hays, The Motion Picture in a Changing World, 1940 228

2 Henry R. Luce, America and the War, 1940 230

3 Edward R. Murrow, This is London, 1940 234

4 War and Consumerism: Advertisements from Time Magazine, 1941 238

5 Harry Warner's Testimony to a Senate Subcommittee on War Propaganda in Film, 1941 243

Bibliography 247

Index 257