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An Anthropology of Biomedicine, 2nd Edition

Margaret Lock, Vinh-Kim Nguyen

ISBN: 978-1-119-06913-3 March 2018 Wiley-Blackwell 560 Pages


In this fully revised and updated second edition of An Anthropology of Biomedicine, authors Lock and Nguyen introduce biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics. Drawing on historical and ethnographic work, the book critiques the assumption made by the biological sciences of a universal human body that can be uniformly standardized. It focuses on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies brings about radical changes to societies at large based on socioeconomic inequalities and ethical disputes, and develops and integrates the theory that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity.

This second edition includes new chapters on: microbiology and the microbiome; global health; and, the self as a socio-technical system. In addition, all chapters have been comprehensively revised to take account of developments from within this fast-paced field, in the intervening years between publications. References and figures have also been updated throughout.

This highly-regarded and award-winning textbook (Winner of the 2010 Prose Award for Archaeology and Anthropology) retains the character and features of the previous edition. Its coverage remains broad, including discussion of: biomedical technologies in practice; anthropologies of medicine; biology and human experiments; infertility and assisted reproduction; genomics, epigenomics, and uncertain futures; and molecularizing racial difference, ensuring it remains the essential text for students of anthropology, medical anthropology as well as public and global health. 

Acknowledgements xiii

Introduction 1

The Argument 1

Interwoven Themes 2

Improving Global Health: The Challenge 4

Biomedicine as Technology 5

Does Culture Exist? 7

A word About Ethnography 10

Section 1

1 Biomedical Technologies in Practice 15

2 The Normal Body 29

3 Anthropologies of Medicine 51

Section 2

4 Colonial Disease and Biological Commensurability 79

5 Grounds for Comparison: Biology and Human Experiments 103

6 The Right Population 127

Section 3

7 Who Owns the Body? 161

8 The Social Life of Human Organs 185

9 Making Kinship: Infertility and Assisted Reproduction 213

Section 4

10 The Sociotechnical Self 241

11 Genes as Embodied Risk 265

12 Global Health 291

Section 5

13 From Local to Situated Biologies 313

14 Of Microbes and Humans 335

15 Genomics, Epigenomics and Uncertain Futures 349

16 Molecularizing Racial Difference 371

Epilogue 385

Notes 389

Bibliography 467

Index 529