Skip to main content

An Atlas of Neonatal Brain Sonography, 2nd Edition



An Atlas of Neonatal Brain Sonography, 2nd Edition

Paul Govaert, Linda S. de Vries

ISBN: 978-1-898-68356-8 August 2010 400 Pages


This Atlas covers the entire spectrum of brain disease as studied with ultrasound, illustrated throughout with superb-quality images. It is aimed at neonatologists and radiologists confronted with everyday clinical questions on the neonatal ward. Most newborn brain disorders can be identified with ultrasound; this book will therefore be particularly useful in settings with limited MRI facilities. Prenatal ultrasound specialists will also find it valuable as a postnatal reference in their field of interest. Suggestions for differential diagnosis accompany all the sonographic findings, guiding the clinician in proceeding from an abnormal image to a diagnosis. This second edition of the Atlas has been brought up to date to include the many advances in technique and interpretation that have been made in the past decade. The images have been replaced with new ones of higher quality, and all the line artwork has been standardised and improved.

Neonatologists, radiologists, neuroradiologists with an interest in neonatal ultrasound

From reviews of the first edition:

"This is the most challenging and comprehensive book on this theme, and is an essential reference for clinicians to make a correct diagnosis."
Satoshi Takada, Brain and Development

"This can be little doubt that this title represents the definitive work on neonatal cranial ultrasound. The authors have had extensive experience in the use of ultrasound scanning the neonatal brain for almost as long as ultrasound has been used to investigate intracranial pathology on the neonatal unit. Their combined experience is most impressive."
Malcolm Leven, Archives of Disease in Childhood


1.1 Sulci and gyri

1.2 Lateral ventricles

1.3 Third ventricle

1.4 Choroid plexus

1.5 Lobar parenchyma

1.6 Midline structures

1.7 Cisterns

1.8 Basal ganglia and thalamus

1.9 Brainstem

1.10 Cerebellum

1.11 General references on normal anatomy


2.1 Disorders of neurulation

2.2 Cephalocele

2.3 Hydrocephalus

2.4 Intracranial fluid collections

2.5 Unilateral hydrocephalus

2.6 External hydrocephalus

2.7 Disorders of the corpus callosum

2.8 Septal agenesis and malformation

2.9 Hamartoma and accessory brain

2.10 Cerebral hemiatrophy

2.11 Microcephaly

2.12 Schizencephaly

2.13 Disorders of neuroblast migration

2.14 Median prosencephalic dysgenesis – holoprosencephaly

2.15 Posterior fossa anomalies

2.16 Vascular anomalies


3.1 Antenatal intracranial haemorrhage

3.2 Global forebrain ischaemia before birth

3.3 Germinolysis

3.4 Hydranencephaly

3.5 Porencephaly

3.6 Multicystic encephalopathy

3.7 Choroid plexus pseudocyst

3.8 Moebius sequence

3.9 Twin-associated antepartum brain damage

3.10 Striatal vasculopathy

3.11 Fetopath



4.2 posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation

4.3 Epidural haematoma

4.4 Subdural haematoma

4.5 Lobar cerebral haemorrhage

4.6 Cerebellar haemorrhage

4.7 Bleeding into thalamus, basal ganglia and ventricle

4.8 Term IVH

4.9 Subarachnoid haematoma and non-accidental injury


5.1 Causes and clinical types of asphyxia

5.2 Neuropathological paradigms

5.3 Myelination

5.4 Maturation of sonographic changes

5.5 Brain swelling

5.6 Haemorrhage in areas of selective neuronal necrosis

5.7 Parasagittal cerebral injury

5.8 Leukomalacia

5.9 Selective neuronal necrosis to cortex, deep grey matter and hindbrain

5.10 Primary cortical injury

5.11 Focal infarction with asphyxia

5.12 Cerebral blood flow velocity

5.13 Combinations of paradigms

5.14 Scoring the gradation of injury


6.1 Arterial

6.2 Venous sinus


7.1 Pathogenesis

7.2 Neuropathology

7.3 Venous infarction

7.4 Risk factors

7.5 Timing

7.6 Imaging aspects

7.7 New approach


8.1 Kernicterus

8.2 Hypoglycaemia

8.3 Hyperglycaemia

8.4 Inborn errors of metabolism

8.5 Reversible encephalopathy

8.6 Bacterial meningitis, ventriculitis

8.7 Air embolism

8.8 Craniocerebral erosion

8.10 Brain perforation

8.11 Neuroectodermal disorders

8.12 Leukodystrophy

8.13 Tumour

"It is times such as this that an atlas showcasing clear examples of pathology can be turned to for guidance and pieced together with physical examination and behavioral assessments of the infant to determine the proper course of further treatment. This book should be kept handy in the newborn nursery, neonatal intensive care, and pediatric clinics following up with children born with any type of congenital or acquired brain injury." (, 2012)

"This is a superb book with wonderful illustrations and is probably the most comprehensive text on neonatal cranial sonography." (Doody's, October 2010)

"This revised edition not only includes improved ultrasonic imaging as a result of technological advancements but also highlights the advantages of using additional acoustic windows for greater visualisation of the neonatal brain. The author’s foresight in combining the sonographic images with the far superior image resolution of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows the reader a more accurate reflection of the underlying pathology in question. Scattered throughout each chapter is additional diagrams, specimen photographs, schematics and tables to give a well rounded but succinct synopsis of the intended subject discussed ...I would highly recommend this atlas accompany the clinician during any cranial ultrasound examination of the newborn as the overall layout allows for quick referencing and can only improve the quality of the examination." (, August 2010)

? Second edition updated with a new collection of superb images ? The only up-to-date comprehensive atlas to focus on neonatal brain ultrasound ? Covers normal anatomy and neuropathology to aid in interpretation of images