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An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers

Brian S. Mitchell

ISBN: 978-0-471-47336-7

Jan 2004

976 pages



An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials Engineers provides a solid background in materials engineering and science for chemical and materials engineering students. This book:
  • Organizes topics on two levels; by engineering subject area and by materials class.
  • Incorporates instructional objectives, active-learning principles, design-oriented problems, and web-based information and visualization to provide a unique educational experience for the student.
  • Provides a foundation for understanding the structure and properties of materials such as ceramics/glass, polymers, composites, bio-materials, as well as metals and alloys.
  • Takes an integrated approach to the subject, rather than a "metals first" approach.

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

1 The Structure of Materials 1

1.0 Introduction and Objectives 1

1.1 Structure of Metals and Alloys 28

1.2 Structure of Ceramics and Glasses 55

1.3 Structure of Polymers 76

1.4 Structure of Composites 99

1.5 Structure of Biologics 114

References 128

Problems 130

2 Thermodynamics of Condensed Phases 136

2.0 Introduction and Objectives 136

2.1 Thermodynamics of Metals and Alloys 140

2.2 Thermodynamics of Ceramics and Glasses 165

2.3 Thermodynamics of Polymers 191

2.4 Thermodynamics of Composites 200

2.5 Thermodynamics of Biologics 204

References 209

Problems 211

3 Kinetic Processes in Materials 215

3.0 Introduction and Objectives 215

3.1 Kinetic Processes in Metals and Alloys 219

3.2 Kinetic Processes in Ceramics and Glasses∗ 233

3.3 Kinetic Processes in Polymers 246

3.4 Kinetic Processes in Composites∗ 269

3.5 Kinetic Processes in Biologics∗ 277

References 280

Problems 282

4 Transport Properties of Materials 285

4.0 Introduction and Objectives 285

4.1 Momentum Transport Properties of Materials∗ 287

4.2 Heat Transport Properties of Materials 316

4.3 Mass Transport Properties of Materials∗ 343

References 374

Problems 376

5 Mechanics of Materials 380

5.0 Introduction and Objectives 380

5.1 Mechanics of Metals and Alloys 381

5.2 Mechanics of Ceramics and Glasses 422

5.3 Mechanics of Polymers 448

5.4 Mechanics of Composites 472

5.5 Mechanics of Biologics 515

References 532

Problems 533

6 Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties of Materials 537

6.1 Electrical Properties of Materials 538

6.2 Magnetic Properties of Materials 600

6.3 Optical Properties of Materials 644

References 677

Problems 678

7 Processing of Materials 681

7.0 Introduction 681

7.1 Processing of Metals and Alloys 681

7.2 Processing of Ceramics and Glasses 704

7.3 Processing of Polymers 754

7.4 Processing of Composites 795

7.5 Processing of Biologics 804

References 811

Problems 812

8 Case Studies in Materials Selection 814

8.0 Introduction and Objectives 814

8.1 Selection of Metals for a Compressed Air Tank 821

8.2 Selection of Ceramic Piping for Coal Slurries in a Coal Liquefaction Plant 827

8.3 Selection of Polymers for Packaging 832

8.4 Selection of a Composite for an Automotive Drive Shaft 835

8.5 Selection of Materials as Tooth Coatings 842

References 848

Problems 849

Appendix 1: Energy Values for Single Bonds 851

Appendix 2: Structure of Some Common Polymers 852

Appendix 3: Composition of Common Alloys 856

Appendix 4: Surface and Interfacial Energies 869

Appendix 5: Thermal Conductivities of Selected Materials 874

Appendix 6: Diffusivities in Selected Systems 880

Appendix 7: Mechanical Properties of Selected Materials 882

Appendix 8: Electrical Conductivity of Selected Materials 893

Appendix 9: Refractive Index of Selected Materials 900

Answers to Selected Problems 903

Index 907

∗Sections marked with an asterisk can be omitted in an introductory course.

"…the author has done an outstanding effort tin collecting the vast information on materials and presenting it in a readable form." (Materials and Manufacturing Process, January 2007)

"Mitchell's book has achieved a new level and range of information and deserves serious consideration as a backing text for undergraduate MSE courses…" (MRS Bulletin, March 2005)

"…this book offers a solid foundation in materials engineering and science.” (Chemical Engineering Progress, October 2004)

"…corrosion professionals are most likely to benefit from this book if they need descriptions of the characteristics of materials with which they are not already familiar.” (Corrosion, October 2004)

"…I heartily recommend this book, primarily because of the unified presentation of topics across the materials classes. All of the important topics in an introductory materials science class are presented well, and covered by problems." (AICHe Journal, October 2004)

"…the first of what will be a new generation of introductory texts that treat all classes of materials…will appeal to students and instructors who desire a broader picture of materials science and engineering than is available source: other introductory texts..." (JOM, May 6, 2004)

"…very well written, illustrated, bound, and presented…and excellent acquisition…highly recommended…" (Choice, Vol. 41, No. 9, May 2004)

"Overall the text is a worthy addition to the extensive list of MSE textbooks and should be examined as a potential required text for introductory courses." (Journal of Materials Education, 2003)