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Analytical Methods in Supramolecular Chemistry

Analytical Methods in Supramolecular Chemistry

Christoph A. Schalley (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-61027-3

Jan 2007

502 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

An overview of the techniques used to examine supramolecular aggregates from a methodological point of view. Edited by a rising star in the community and an experienced author, this is a definitive survey of useful modern analytical methods for understanding supramolecular chemistry, from NMR to single-molecule spectroscopy, from electron microscopy to extraction methods. A definitive study of this field touching many interdisciplinary areas such as molecular devices, biology, bioorganic chemistry, material science, and nanotechnology.
Preface.

List of Contributors.

1 Introduction (Christoph A. Schalley).

1.1 Some Historical Remarks on Supramolecular Chemistry.

1.2 The Noncovalent Bond: A Brief Overview.

1.3 Basic Concepts in Supramolecular Chemistry.

1.4 Conclusions: Diverse Methods for a Diverse Research Area.

2 Determination of Binding Constants (Keiji Hirose).

2.1 Theoretical Principles.

2.2 A Practical Course of Binding Constant Determination by UV/vis Spectroscopy.

2.3 Practical Course of Action for NMR Spectroscopic Binding Constant Determination.

2.4 Conclusion.

3 Isothermal Titration Calorimetry in Supramolecular Chemistry (Franz P. Schmidtchen).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 The Thermodynamic Platform.

3.3 Acquiring Calorimetric Data.

3.4 Extending the Applicability.

3.5 Perspectives.

4 Extraction Methods (Holger Stephan, Stefanie Juran, Bianca Antonioli, Kerstin Gloe and Karsten Gloe).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The Extraction Technique.

4.3 The Technical Process.

4.4 The Extraction Equilibrium.

4.5 Principles of Supramolecular Extraction.

4.6 Examples of Supramolecular Extraction.

4.7 Conclusions and Future Perspectives.

5 Mass Spectrometry and Gas Phase Chemistry of Supramolecules (Michael Kogej and Christoph A. Schalley).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Instrumentation.

5.3 Particuliarities and Limitations of Mass Spectrometry.

5.4 Beyond Analytical Characterization: Tandem MS Experiments for the Examination of the Gas-phase Chemistry of Supramolecules.

5.5 Selected Examples.

5.6 Conclusions.

6 Diffusion NMR in Supramolecular Chemistry (Yoram Cohen, Liat Avram, Tamar Evan-Salem and Limor Frish).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Concepts of Molecular Diffusion.

6.3 Measuring Diffusion with NMR.

6.4 Applications of Diffusion NMR in Supramolecular Chemistry: Selected Examples.

6.5 Advantages and Limitations of Diffusion NMR.

6.6 Diffusion NMR and Chemical Exchange.

6.7 Summary and Outlook.

7 Photophysics and Photochemistry of Supramolecular Systems (Bernard Valeur, Mário Nuno Berberan-Santos and Monique M. Martin).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorometry.

7.3 Time-resolved Fluorescence Techniques.

7.4 Fluorescence Anisotropy.

7.5 Transient Absorption Spectroscopy.

7.6 Concluding Remarks.

8 Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy (Marie Urbanová and Petr Malon).

8.1 Basic Considerations.

8.2 Measurement Techniques (Methodology of CD Measurement).

8.3 Processing of Circular Dichroism Spectra.

8.4 Theory.

8.5 Examples of Vibrational Circular Dichroism Applications.

8.6 Concluding Remarks.

9 Crystallography and Crystal Engineering (Kari Rissanen).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Crystallography.

9.3 Crystal Engineering.

9.4 Conclusions.

10 Scanning Probe Microscopy (B. A. Hermann).

10.1 Introduction: What is the Strength of Scanning Probe Techniques?

10.2 How do Scanning Probe Microscopes Work?

10.3 Which Molecules can be Studied?

10.4 What Results have been Obtained in the Field of Supramolecular Chemistry?

11 The Characterization of Synthetic Ion Channels and Pores (Stefan Matile and Naomi Sakai).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Methods.

11.3 Characteristics.

11.4 Structural Studies.

11.5 Concluding Remarks.

12 Theoretical Methods for Supramolecular Chemistry (Barbara Kirchner and Markus Reiher).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 A Survey of Theoretical Methods.

12.3 Standard Classification of Intermolecular Interactions.

12.4 Qualitative Understanding and Decomposition Schemes.

12.5 General Mechanism for a Static, Step-wise View on Host–Guest Recognition.

12.6 Conclusions and Perspective.

Index.

"This timely book should have its place in laboratories dealing with supramolecular objects." (Journal of the American Chemical Society, January 9, 2008)

"The book as a whole or single chapters will stimulate the reader to widen his horizon in chemistry and will help him to have new ideas in his research." (Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry, December 2007)

"An overview of the techniques used to examine supramolecular aggregates from a methodological point of view. Edited by a rising star in the community and an experienced author, this is a definitive survey of useful modern analytical methods for understanding supramolecular chemistry, from NMR to single-molecule spectroscopy, from electron microscopy to extraction methods. A definitive study of this field touching many interdisciplinary areas auch as molecular devices, biology, bioorganic chemistry, material science, and nanotechnology."
labor direkt, 02/2007