DescriptionRegulation of transcription represents a major, controlling step in plant gene expression, as it determines the tissue-specific and developmental stage-specific activity of many genes. Changes in gene expression have been shown to underlie the responses to environmental cues and stresses, the response against pathogens, the regulation of metabolic pathways, and the regulation of photosynthesis, for example. Regulation by transcription factors is an integral part of a highly complex network. In recent years, research on the regulation of transcription has made impressive progress.
This volume provides a broad overview of the regulation of transcription in plants, introducing the key elements, the way in which it works in practice, and the potential within plant biotechnology. It is directed at researchers and professionals in plant molecular biology, biochemistry and biotechnology.
1. General transcription factors and the core promoter: ancient roots (William B. Gurley, Kevin O’Grady, Eva Czarnecka-Verner and Shai J. Lawit, Department of Microbiology & Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA).
2. Transcription Factors of Arabidopsis and Rice: a genomic perspective (José Luis Riechmann, Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA).
3. Chromatin-associated architectural HMGA and HMGB proteins assist transcription factor function (Klaus D. Grasser and Dorte Launholt, Department of Life Sciences, Aalborg University, Denmark).
4. Histone Modifications and Transcription in Plants (Yii Leng Chua , Hutchinson MRC Research Centre, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, UK. and John C. Gray, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, UK).
5. Chromatin remodeling and histone variants in transcriptional regulation and in maintaining DNA methylation (J.C. Reyes, Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - Universidad de Sevilla, Spain, J. Brzeski, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland; and Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA. and A. Jerzmanowski, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland; and Warsaw University, Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Warsaw, Poland).
6. Matrix attachment regions and transcriptional gene silencing (William F. Thompson. Departments of Botany, Genetics, and Crop Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA Steven Spiker, Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA and George C. Allen, Department of Crop Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA).
7. Polymerase I transcription (Julio Sáez-Vásquez and Manuel Echeverría, Laboratoire Génome et Développement de Plantes, Université de Perpignan, France).
Part 2: How transcription regulation in plants works.
8. Transcription of Plastid Genes (Karsten Liere and Thomas Börner, Institute of Biology (Genetics), Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany).
9. Control of Flowering Time (Steven van Nocker, Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. and Maria Julissa Ek-Ramos, Departamento de Bioquimica, Facultad de Quimica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico).
10. Combinatorial control of floral organ identity by MADS-domain transcription factors (Günter Theißen and Rainer Melzer, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Lehrstuhl für Genetik, Jena, Germany).
11. Networks of transcriptional regulation underlying plant defense responses towards phytopathogens (Imre E. Somssich, Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding, Department of Plant Microbe Interactions, Köln, Germany).
12. Temperature regulated gene expression (Friedrich Schöffl and Tressa Jacob Panikulangara, ZMBP, Allgemeine Genetik, Universität Tübingen, Germany).
Part 3: Biotechnology-related issues.
13. Applications of inducible transcription in plant research and biotechnology (Brian Tomsett, Angela Tregova and Mark Caddick, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK).
14. Modulation of transcriptional networks in crop plants (Tong Zhu, Syngenta Biotechnology, Inc., North Carolina, USA).
· The volume introduces the key elements, explains how they work and highlights important applications
· Contributors are drawn from major international laboratories