About the Author
James E. Crowe, Jr. is an immunologist and board-certified pediatric infectious diseases specialist. Dr. Crowe is the Ann Scott Carell Chair and Professor of Pediatrics, Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, and Director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Center. He is an Elected Member of the Institute of Medicine and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Microbiology, and the American Society for Clinical Investigation. Dr. Crowe's laboratory has a broad portfolio of work in the area of viral immunology and cell biology focused on discovery of the genetic and structural determinants of neutralization of viruses by human antibodies and immune mechanisms important to development of new vaccines.
Diana Boraschi is the Research Director at the CNR Institute of Protein Biochemistry. She is actively involved in high education activities, in particular in Africa. Dr. Boraschi's studies focus on the role of macrophages and IL-1 cytokines in the innate/inflammatory response against infections and tumors and their possible involvement in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune pathologies.
Rino Rappuoli is the Global Head of Research and Development at Novartis Vaccines. Dr. Rappuoli has worked on several molecules that became part of, or are near to becoming, licensed vaccines. He is an elected member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and of the European Molecular Biology Organization.