About the Author
Patricia Keen is a researcher and instructor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of British Columbia. She has more than 30 years of extensive experience in environmental chemistry, toxicology, ecosystem health, environmental risk assessment, resource management and environmental impacts of contaminants. The principle focus of her research is related to antimicrobial resistance in environment and together with Dr. Mark Montforts, she is the co-editor of the book published in 2012 by Wiley Blackwell entitled Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment. Patricia is actively engaged in water and wastewater research at UBC and maintains a consulting role in projects related to environmental health and integrated resource management.
Raphaël Fugère is a biologist and environmental engineer with more than seven years of experience in designing, building, optimizing, operating and troubleshooting drinking water and wastewater treatment plants, from small to very large-scale. He has experience in process related research as well as on the practical side associated with industrial and municipal plants. He has actively participated in roles involving water management governance for small and mid-sized cities, ensuring coordination between agricultural needs, municipal needs, industrial needs and the need for resource conservation. Some of those efforts date back to 2006 where, even at the time, the need for fracturing "fracking" fluid was putting pressure on the scarce water resources in northern British Columbia. Raphaël maintains a support role on various research projects at conducted at UBC.