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Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context

Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context

Frederick G. Naerebout, Henk W. Singor

ISBN: 978-1-118-38180-9

Jan 2014

464 pages

$43.99

Description

Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context provides a chronological introduction to the history of ancient Mediterranean civilizations within the larger context of its contemporary Eurasian world.

  • Innovative approach organizes Greek and Roman history into a single chronology
  • Combines the traditional historical story with subjects that are central to modern research into the ancient world including a range of social, cultural, and political topics
  • Facilitates an understanding of the ancient Mediterranean world as a unity, just as the Mediterranean world is in its turn presented as part of a larger whole
  • Covers the entire ancient Mediterranean world from pre-history through to the rise of Islam in the seventh century A.D.
  • Features a diverse collection of images, maps, diagrams, tables, and a chronological chart to aid comprehension
  • English translation of a well-known Dutch book, De oudheid, now in its third edition

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List of Figures ix

List of Maps xi

Preface xiii

Part I Introduction 1

1.1 Sources and Chronology 3

Sources 3


Chronology 7

1.2 The Ecology of History 11

Physical Geography 11


Agriculture and the Pre-Industrial Economy 13


Demography 20

Part II Before 900 BC 25

2.1 Prehistory 27

Paleolithic 27

Neolithic 32

2.2 Early Civilizations in Eurasia 36

The Rise of Distinct Civilizations 36


Peoples and Languages 41


Western Asia and Egypt in the Bronze Age 45


The Aegean and Southern Europe in the Bronze Age 52

Part III 900–500 BC 59

3.1 A Historical Outline 61

Eurasian Communities 61

The Greek World 71

Italy and Western Europe 86

3.2 The Social Fabric 93

Economic Life 93


Social Hierarchy 97


Political Organization 102

3.3 Daily Life and Mentality 109

The Individual and Society 109


Men and Women 113


Religion, Philosophy, and Scholarship 117

Part IV 500–300 BC 129

4.1 A Historical Outline 131

Eurasian Communities 131


The Greek World 139


Italy and the West 149

4.2 The Social Fabric 152

Economic Life 152


Social Hierarchy 159


Political Organization 163

4.3 Daily Life and Mentality 169

The Individual and Society 169


Men and Women 175


Religion, Philosophy, and Scholarship 178

Part V 300 BC–1 AD 189

5.1 A Historical Outline 191

Eurasian Communities 191


The Greek World 200


Italy and the West 221

5.2 The Social Fabric 241

Economic Life 241


The Social Hierarchy 252


Political Organization 262

5.3 Daily Life and Mentality 269

The Individual and Society 269


Men and Women 277


Religion, Philosophy, and Scholarship 279

Part VI 1 AD–500 AD 291

6.1 A Historical Outline 293

Eurasian Communities 293


The Roman Empire 298


The Greek East and the Latin West 308

6.2 The Social Fabric 314

Economic Life 314


Social Hierarchy 321


Political Organization 327

6.3 Daily Life and Mentality 333

The Individual and Society 333


Men and Women 341


Religion, Philosophy, and Scholarship 343

Part VII After 500 AD 367

7 The 6th Century and Later 369

Eurasian Communities 369


The Byzantine East 378


The Christian Church 382


Islam 387


The Ancient Heritage 390

Appendices 395

Classical Athens 396

The Classical Roman Republic 397

Imperial Rome: The Principate 398

Imperial Rome: The Dominate 399

Hellenistic Rulers 400

Roman Emperors 402

Philosophers 403

Scholars and Scientists 405

Poets and Prose Writers 407

Christian Authors 409

CHRONOLOGY 411

Suggestions for Further Reading 419

Index 433