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Applied English Phonology, 2nd Edition

Applied English Phonology, 2nd Edition

Mehmet Yavas

ISBN: 978-1-444-39262-3

Mar 2011, Wiley-Blackwell

288 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Applied English Phonology has been extensively revised and expanded, using an accessible style and numerous exercises to explore the fundamental aspects of the English sound system.
  • Covers the fundamental aspects of the English sound system, including basic phonetic elements; phonemics; allophonic rules of English consonants and vowels; phonotactics; and stress and intonation
  • Includes brand new sections on U.S. regional vowel shifts, sociophonetic variations, and the role of perception and Optimality Theory with reference to second language phonology
  • Accompanied by new sound files for numerous transcription exercises
  • Incorporates extensive exercises to aid students in understanding and assimilating the material more effectively
  • Supported by an Instructors’ Manual for lecturers, available on publication at www.wiley.com/go/yavas

Related Resources

Preface to Second Edition.

Preface.

Note to the Instructor.

Chapter 1: Phonetics.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Phonetic Transcription.

1.3 Description and Articulation of Sounds of English.

1.3.1 The vocal tract.

1.3.2 Voicing.

1.3.3 Places of articulation.

1.3.4 Manners of articulation.

1.3.5 Voice onset time.

1.3.6 Vowels and diphthongs.

1.4 Additional Sounds.

1.4.1 States of the glottis.

1.4.2 Places and manners of articulation.

1.4.3 Secondary articulations.

1.4.4 Consonants made with non-pulmonic airstream mechanisms.

1.4.5 Vowels.

1.5 Cardinal Vowels.

1.6 Syllables and Suprasegmentals

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 2: Phonology.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Complementary versus Overlapping Distribution.

2.2.1 Overlapping distribution and contrast.

2.2.2 Complementary distribution.

2.3 Phonemic Analysis: A Mini-demo.

2.4 Free Variation.

2.5 Morphophonology.

2.6 Practical Uses of Phonological Analysis.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 3: English Consonants.

3.1 Stops.

3.2 Fricatives.

3.3 Affricates.

3.4 Nasals.

3.5 Approximants.

3.6 Sociophonetic Variation.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 4: English Vowels.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Vowel Set of American English.

4.2.1 Phonetic properties of vowels.

4.2.2 Tense–lax.

4.2.3 Nasalized vowels.

4.2.4 Length.

4.2.5 Vowels before /@/.

4.2.6 Vowels before /l/.

4.3 Front Vowels.

4.4 Central Vowels.

4.5 Back Vowels.

4.6 Diphthongs.

4.7 Sociophonetic Variation.

4.8 Non-US Varieties.

4.9 Full Vowels–Reduced Vowels.

4.10 Full (Strong) Forms versus Reduced (Weak).

Forms of Function Words.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 5: Acoustics of Vowels and Consonants.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Vowels.

5.3 Diphthongs.

5.4 Consonants.

5.4.1 Stops.

5.4.2 Fricatives.

5.4.3 Affricates.

5.4.4 Approximants.

5.4.5 Nasals.

5.5 Putting It Together.

5.6 Context.

5.7 Practical Applications: Some Examples.

Summary.

Appendix.

Exercises.

Chapter 6: Syllables.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Number of Syllables.

6.3 Sonority.

6.4 Syllabification.

6.5 English Syllable Phonotactics.

6.5.1 Single onsets.

6.5.2 Double onsets.

6.5.3 Triple onsets.

6.5.4 Codas.

6.5.5 Double codas.

6.5.6 Triple codas.

6.6 Written Syllabification.

6.7 Syllable Weight and Ambisyllabicity.

6.8 Practical Applications.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 7: Stress and Intonation.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Noun and Adjective Stress.

7.3 Verb Stress.

7.4 Secondary Stress.

7.5 Affixes.

7.5.1 Stress-bearing (attracting) suffixes.

7.5.2 Stress-neutral suffixes.

7.5.3 Stress-shifting (fixing) suffixes.

7.6 Stress in Compounds.

7.7 Differences between American and British English.

7.8 Intonation.

7.9 Variations among the Varieties.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 8: Structural Factors in Second Language Phonology.

8.1 Introduction .

8.2 Mini Contrastive Analyses.

8.2.1 Spanish–English.

8.2.2 Turkish–English.

8.2.3 Greek–English.

8.2.4 French–English.

8.2.5 German–English.

8.2.6 Arabic–English.

8.2.7 Russian–English.

8.2.8 Korean–English.

8.2.9 Portuguese–English.

8.2.10 Persian (Farsi)–English.

8.3 Differential Treatment of Mismatches.

8.3.1 Basic vs. derived context.

8.3.2 Deflected contrast.

8.3.3 Hypercontrast.

8.4 Markedness.

8.5 Ontogeny Phylogeny Model (OPM).

8.6 Optimality Theory (OT).

8.7 Perception.

Summary.

Exercises.

Chapter 9: Spelling and Pronunciation.

9.1 Irregularity of English Spelling.

9.2 Phoneme–Grapheme Correspondences in English.

9.2.1 Consonants.

9.2.2 Vowels.

9.3 Morphological Basis of English Spelling.

9.4 American English vs. British English.

Summary.

Exercises.

Recommended Readings.

Appendix: List of Sound Files.

Glossary.

References.

Index.

  • Includes brand new sections on U.S. regional vowel shifts, sociophonetic variations, and the role of perception and Optimality Theory with reference to second language phonology
  • Accompanied by new sound files for numerous transcription exercises
  • Supported by an Instructors’ Manual for lecturers, available on publication at www.wiley.com/go/yavas
Review for previous edition:

"Applied English Phonology is original and unique among books of its sort … In addition to covering segmental phonetics, syllable structure, word stress and English intonation in a clear and accessible manner, it also incorporates an introduction to acoustic phonetics and to graphophonemics. I know of no other introduction to English phonetics and phonology which covers all of this … A well-conceived, well-written and well-executed book." (Linguistics)

  • Covers the fundamental aspects of the English sound system, including basic phonetic elements; phonemics; allophonic rules of English consonants and vowels; phonotactics; and stress and intonation
  • Includes brand new sections on U.S. regional vowel shifts, sociophonetic variations, and the role of perception and Optimality Theory with reference to second language phonology
  • Accompanied by new sound files for numerous transcription exercises
  • Incorporates extensive exercises to aid students in understanding and assimilating the material more effectively
  • Supported by an Instructors’ Manual for lecturers, available on publication at www.wiley.com/go/yavas