Applied HydroAeromechanics in Oil and Gas Drilling
Applied HydroAeromechanics in Oil and Gas Drilling
ISBN: 9781118209783 December 2011 472 Pages
$119.99
Description
An allinone reference combining hydrodynamic theory with drilling applications for the design, planning, and optimization of drilling operationsHydromechanical processes underlie the majority of technology operations in drilling and present a crucial concern as the pace and depth of drilling increasesin today's energyhungry world. Applied Hydroaeromechanics in Oil and Gas Drilling offers a unique resource for properly modeling and understanding the hydrodynamic forces affecting a drilling site. Combining hydrodynamic theory with specific drilling applications, this coverage provides readers with a comprehensive reference for designing, planning, and optimizing drilling operations.
Featuring the latest technologies and developments affecting the field, Applied Hydroaeromechanics in Oil and Gas Drilling covers topics including:

The physics of hydroaeromechanical phenomena in drilling processes

Calculation methods for understanding and designing circulation systems for the washing, blasting, and cementing of wells

Problems of interaction between wells and reservoirs

Problems with the fluid, gas, and liquidgas mixture flows necessary in designing and building of wells
Presenting an unmatched combination of theory, modeling issues, and concrete, illustrative examples, Applied Hydroaeromechanics in Oil and Gas Drilling bringstogether formerly widespread technical information to offer a systematic and methodical guide. It is an essential reference for both students and researchers studying fluid mechanics, as well as engineers and other professionals working in the oil and gas industry.
Notation.
1 Main results and development lines in hydroaeromechanics of drilling processes.
2 Basic problems of hydroaeromechanics in drilling processes.
3 Multiphase media in drilling processes.
4 Hydro aeromechanic equations in drilling processes.
4.1 Mass conservation equation.
4.2 Momentum (motion) equation.
4.3 Thermodynamic equations of state.
4.4 Rheological equations of state.
4.5 Equation of concentrations.
4.6 Formulation of hydroaerodynamic problems for drilling processes.
5 Hydrostatics of singlephase fluids and twophase mixtures in gravity field.
5.1 Hydrostatics of singlephase fluids.
5.2 Hydrostatics of incompressible fluid at τ_{w} = 0.
5.3 Hydrostatics of singlephase compressible fluid (gas) at τ_{w} = 0.
5.4 Hydrostatics of slightly compressible fluid τ_{w} = 0.
5.5 Hydrostatics of a fluid with dynamic shear stress (τ_{w}‡0).
5.6 Hydrostatics of twophase fluids.
6 Stationary flow of fluids in elements of well circulation system.
6.1 Equations for stationary flows of homogeneous incompressible fluids.
6.2 Calculation of pressure in laminar flows of viscous incompressible fluids in circular slots, pipes and annular channels.
6.3 Calculation of pressure in laminar flow of viscousplastic fluids in circular slots, pipes and annular channels.
6.4 Calculation of pressure in laminar flow of power incompressible fluids in circular slots, pipes and annular channels.
6.5 Calculation of pressure in turbulent flow in circular pipes and annular channels.
6.6 Transition of laminar flow of viscous, viscousplastic and power fluids into turbulent one.
6.7 Calculation of pressure in eccentric annulus. Formation of stagnation zones.
6.8 Effect of internal pipe rotation on pressure in annulus.
6.9 Pressure drop in local resistances of circulation system.
7 Equilibrium and motion of rigid particles in fluid, gas and gasliquid mixture.
7.1 Washing of the well bottom.
7.2 Levitation of rigid particles in fluid, gas and gasliquid flows.
7.3 Flow rate of fluid, gas and gasliquid mixture needed for removal of cutting from well bore.
7.4 Calculation of ball drop time in descending flow of washing fluid in a column of pipes.
7.5 Hydraulic calculation of a circulation system in drilling with incompressible washing fluid.
8 Stationary flow of gas and gascutting mixture in elements of well circulation system.
8.1 Pressure distribution in ascending flow of gas and gascutting mixture in annular channel of a well.
8.2 Pressure distribution in descending flow of gas in pipes.
8.3 Pressure losses in bit heads and pipe joints.
8.4 Calculation procedure of pump capacity and compressor pressure in drilling with blasting.
9 Stationary flows of gasliquid mixtures in a well.
9.1 Equations of gasliquid mixture flow.
9.2 Laminar ascending flow of gasliquid mixtures in pipes and annular channels.
9.3 Calculation of pressure in pipes and annular space in ascending vertical turbulent flows of gasliquid mixtures.
9.4 Pressure drop in bit heads in flow of gasliquid mixture.
9.5 Pressure drop in turbodrills.
9.6 Calculation of pressure in pipes in descending vertical turbulent flow of gasliquid mixture.
9.7 Method of calculation of delivery and pressure of pumps and compressors in drilling with aerated fluid washing.
9.8 Effect of gas solubility in fluid on pressure of a mixture in a well.
10 Nonstationary flows of singlephase fluids in a well.
10.1 Equations for nonstationary singlephase flows.
10.2 Nonstationary flows of incompressible fluid in round trip operations.
10.3 Hydrodynamic pressure in round trip operation in a well filled by viscous fluid.
10.4 Hydrodynamic pressure generated by drillstem descent in a well filled by viscousplastic fluid.
10.5 Examples of pressure calculations in round trip operations.
10.6 Nonstationary fluid flow in a well as wave process.
10.7. Pressure calculation in deterioration of the safety bypass.
10.8 Calculation of pressure in recovery of circulation in a well.
10.9 Calculation of pressure in a well in settling of ball cage on a seat (thrust ring) in drillstem.
10.10 Calculation of pressure in round trip of a drillstem as wave process.
11 Flows of formation fluids and rock solids.
11.1 Basic equations of fluid and rock solid flows.
11.2 Stationary laminar flows of incompressible and compressible fluids and gases.
11.3 Nonstationary laminar flows of incompressible and compressible fluids and gases.
11.4 Flows of formation fluids and rock solids at regimes different from laminar.
12 Nonstationary flow of gasliquid mixtures in wellformation system.
12.1 Estimation of bottomhole decompression in removal of gas bench from a well.
12.2 Recognition of gas outburst and selection of regimes of its liquidation.
12.3 Calculation of amount, density and delivery of fluid needed to kill the open gas blowout.
12.4 Calculation of pressure at the well mouth in blowout killing by direct pumping of killing fluid into the well.
13 Nonstationary flows of fluid mixtures in wellformation system Calculation of fluidgas blowout killing.
14 Distribution of concentration and pressure in displacement of Newtonian and viscousplastic fluids from circular pipes and annular channels. Hydraulic calculation of cementation regime.
14.1 Main reasons of incompletely displacement of fluids.
14.2 Distribution of concentrations in displacement of one fluid by another fluid.
14.3 Taking into account needed displacement completeness in calculations of cementing.
14.4 Method of hydraulic calculation of cementing regimes with regard to given concentration in channel crosssection.
14.5 Calculation of singlestage well cementation. Method and calculation of cementation with foamcement slurry.
15 Sedimentation of rigid phase in drilling fluid after deadlock of mixing.
15.1 Onedimensional equation for hydraulic pressure in sedimentation of rigid phase of suspension.
15.2 Lowering of hydraulic pressure in a well after deadlock of solution circulation.
16 Experimental determination of rheological characteristics.
16.1 Determination of rheological characteristics with rotary viscometer.
16.2 Determination of rheological characteristics with capillary viscometer.
16.3 Determination of rheological characteristics of rock solids.
16.4 Examples of application of rheological characteristics.
References.
Author index.
Subject index.
About the Authors.