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Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants, 3rd Edition

Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants, 3rd Edition

John S. Lucas, Paul C. Southgate

ISBN: 978-1-119-23082-3

Aug 2018, Wiley-Blackwell

712 pages

Select type: E-Book


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A clear illustration of the important role of aquaculture in supporting food security, livelihoods, and economic development around the world

This new edition of Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants covers important aspects of the culture of fish, shellfish, and algae in freshwater and marine environments. Subject areas covered include principles of aquaculture, water quality, environmental impacts of aquaculture, desert aquaculture, reproduction, life cycles and growth, genetics and stock improvement, nutrition and feed production, diseases, vaccination, post-harvest technology, economics and marketing, and future developments of aquaculture. Separate chapters also cover the culture of algae, carps, salmonids, tilapias, catfish, marine and brackish fishes, soft-shelled turtles, barramundi, marine shrimp, mitten crabs, and other decapod crustaceans, bivalves, gastropods, and ornamental species. This edition also provides greater coverage of aquaculture in China, reflecting the country’s importance in the global scene. 

Providing core scientific and commercially useful information, and written by 35 eminent international authors, this expanded and fully updated Third Edition of Aquaculture is essential reading for all students and professionals studying and working in aquaculture. Fish farmers, hatchery managers, and those in aquaculture support and supply industries, such as feed manufacturing, will find an abundance of commercially useful information within this important and now established book.

  • Describes the multitude of developments that have occurred within the aquaculture field over the last 15 years
  • Includes a major revision of production statistics and trends, discussion of technical developments, and revised and extended coverage provided by broader international authorship
  • Brings together 35 internationally recognized contributors, including a number of new contributors

Aquaculture: Farming Aquatic Animals and Plants, Third Edition is a recommended text for students of the subject and a concise reference for those working in or entering into the industry.

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Preface to the Third Edition


Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

List of Contributors

1 Introduction
John Lucas

1.1 What is and what isn’t aquaculture? 

1.2 The origins of aquaculture and agriculture

1.3 Aquaculture and capture fisheries production

1.4 The efficiency of aquaculture for food production

1.5 Has there been a ‘Blue Revolution’?

1.6 China 

1.7 Issues for developed countries 

1.8 An allegory 

1.9 Diversity of aquaculture 

1.10 Fishery stock enhancement and restoration 

1.11 Summary

2 Principles of Aquaculture
Paul C. Southgate and John S. Lucas

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Intensity of aquaculture

2.3 Polyculture

2.4 Integrated agri-aquaculture systems

2.5 Static, open, semi-closed and recirculating (closed) systems

2.6 Selecting a new species for farming

2.7 Developing a new farm or a new farmed species

2.8 Case studies

2.9 Summary

3 Aquaculture Systems Design
Igor Pirozzi, Paul C. Southgate and John S. Lucas 

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Site selection and development

3.3 Aquaculture systems

3.4 Pumps and Plumbing

3.5 Hatchery Systems

3.6 Summary

4 Water Quality
Claude E. Boyd and Craig S. Tucker

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Water Quality Variables

4.3 Effects of Water Quality on Aquatic Animals

4.4 Water Quality Management

4.5 Effluents

4.6 Summary

5 Resource Use and the Environment
Claude E. Boyd, Aaron A. McNevin, Craig S. Tucker

5.1 Introduction

5.2 An Overview of Resource Use and Environmental Issues

5.3 Land Use

5.4 Water Use

5.5 Energy Use

5.6 Feed-Fish Use

5.7 Chemicals

5.8 Water Pollution

5.9 Best Management Practices

5.10 Environmental Advocacy

5.11 Summary

6 Reproduction, Life Cycles and Growth
John S. Lucas and Paul C. Southgate

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Reproductive physiology

6.3 Life cycles

6.4 Growth

6.5 Summary

7 Genetics
Rex Dunham

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Basic genetics

7.3 Epigenetics

7.4 Domestication and strain evaluation

7.5 Selection

7.6 Inbreeding and maintenance of genetic quality

7.7 Crossbreeding and hybridization

7.8 Chromosomal techniques

7.9 Xenogenesis

7.10 Genetic engineering

7.11 Gene editing

7.12 Combining genetic enhancement programs

7.13 Genotype-environment interactions

7.14 Future developments

7.15 Summary


8 Nutrition and Feeds
Lou D’Abramo

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Energy consumption and partitioning (bioenergetics)

8.3 The relationship between growth and food consumption

8.4 Requirements and metabolic functions of nutrients

8.5 Digestion and assimilation of food

8.6 Formulation, manufacture and digestibility of feeds

8.7 Nutrition management strategies

8.8 Feed management

8.9 Emerging research areas

8.10 Summary

9 Hatchery and Larval Foods
Paul C. Southgate

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Foods for hatchery culture systems

9.3 Microalgae

9.4 Zooplankton

9.5 Feeding strategy for larval culture

9.6 Compound hatchery feeds

9.7 Development of artificial diets for fish larvae

9.8 Harvesting natural plankton

9.9 Pond fertilisation as a food source for aquaculture

9.10 Summary

10 Disease Principles
Leigh Owens

10.1 Introduction to disease

10.2 General principles of infectious diseases in aquaculture

10.3 The philosophy of disease control

10.4 Generalised disease management techniques

10.5 Major diseases

10.6 Summary

11 Pathogens and Parasites
Kate S Hutson and Kenneth D Cain

11.1 Introductions

11.2 Viruses

11.3 Bacteria

11.4 Fungi

11.5 Protozoans

11.6 Myxozoans

11.7 Platyhelminths

11.8 Nematodes

11.9 Acanthocephalans

11.10 Leeches

11.11 Crustaceans

11.12 Fish-borne zoonotic agents and aquaculture

11.13 Aquaponics

11.14 Summary

12 Prevention of disease by vaccination
Andrew Barnes

12.1. Introduction

12.2. A beginner’s guide to fish immunology

12.3. Vaccinating fish

12.4. Types of vaccine

12.5. Routes of delivery

12.6. Adjuvants

12.7. Vaccination in practice

12.8. Research and development track for commercial fish vaccines

12.9. Future trends: vaccination in the age of genomics

12.10. Conclusions

12.11. Summary

13 Post-harvest Technology and Processing
Allan Bremner

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Basic characteristics

13.3 Safety and health

13.4 Nutritional aspects

13.5 The balance between safely and nutrition

13.6 Aquaculture and fisheries products

13.7 Harvesting

13.8 Live transport

13.9 Muscle structure: rigor and texture

13.10 Stunning and post-mortem processing

13.11 Effects of feed on the product

13.12 Specialised niche market products

13.13 Flavours and taints

13.14 Texture

13.15 Concepts: quality, freshness, shelf-life and quality index

13.16 Microbiology, specific spoilage organisms (SSO) and other spoilage processed

13.17 Freezing and frozen storage

13.18 Packaging

13.19 Quality control, quality assuarance, HACCP and risk assessment

13.20 Traceability, identification and origin

13.21 Canning

13.22 Smoking

13.23 Summary                  

14 Economics
Clem Tisdell

14.1 Introduction 

14.2 Profitability from a business viewpoint (farm models)

14.3 Markets and marketing   

14.4 Economies of scale and similar factors

14.5 Allowing for and coping with business risk and uncertainty

14.6 Economic assessment from a social standpoint

14.7 Summary

15 Seaweed and Microalgae Seaweed
Nicholas A. Paul

Michael Borowitzka

15.1 General introductions

15.2 Seaweeds

15.3 Micro-algae

15.4 Summary

16 Carps
Sena De Silva and Qidong Wang

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Biology of the Important Carps in Aquaculture

16.3 Artificial Propagation

16.4 Nutrition

16.5 Culture Practices

16.6 Diseases

16.7 Genetic Improvement

16.8 Culture-Based Fisheries

16.9 Conclusions

16.10 Summary

17 Salmonids
John Purser

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Biology

17.3 Freshwater farming

17.4 Marine farming

17.5 Feeds

17.6 Grading and stocking densities

17.7 Maturation, sex-reversal and triploidy

17.8 Fish health

17.9 Harvesting and products

17.10 Environmental issues

17.11 Summary

18 Tilapias
Victor Suresh and Ram Bhujel

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Family, Species and Genetic Variation

16.3 Ecology and Distribution

18.4 Sex Determination and Reproduction

18.5 Control of Reproduction

18.6 Seed Production

18.7 Nutrition, Feeds and Feeding

18.8 Grow-Out Systems

18.9 Disease Management

18.10 Harvest, Processing and Marketing

18.11 Summary

19 Catfishes
Craig S. Tucker, Aaron McNevin, Les Torrans and Brian Bosworth

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Pangasiid Catfishes

19.3 Ictalurid Catfishes

19.4 Clariid Catfishes

19.5 Summary

20 Marine Finfish Aquaculture
Wade O. Watanabe, Md Shah Alam, Patrick M. Carroll1, Harry V. Daniels and Jeffrey M. Hinshaw

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Importance of Marine Fish Aquaculture

20.3 Hatcheries

20.4 Growout Systems

20.5 Nutrition and Feeds

20.6 Marine Fish in Aquaculture

20.7 Milkfish

20.8 European Seabass

20.9 Gilthead Sea Bream

20.10 Yellowtail Amberjack

20.11 Red Sea Bream

20.12 Cobia

20.13 Flatfish

20.14 Sturgeon

20.15 Summary

21 Soft-shelled Turtles
Qingjun Shao and John S. Lucas

21.1 Introduction

21.2 Biology

21.3 Aquaculture development

21.4 Culture facilities

21.5 Culture stages

21.6 Water quality

21.7 Nutrition, feeding and feed formulation

21.8 Infectious diseases

21.9 Harvesting and processing

21.10 The future of soft-shelled turtle farming

21.11 Summary

22 Marine Shrimp
Darryl Jory

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Cultured species

22.3 Grow-out systems

22.4 Preparation of ponds

22.5 Reproduction and maturation

22.6 Hatchery design and larval culture

22.7 Seedstock quality and stocking

22.8 Production management and harvest

22.9 Nutrition, formulated diets and feed management

22.10 Emerging production technologies and issues

22.11 Responsible shrimp farming and the challenge of sustainability

22.12 Summary

23 Freshwater decapod crustaceans
Chaoshu Zeng, John S. Lucas and Paul C. Southgate

23.1 Introduction  

23.2 Farmed species

23.3 Chinese mitten crabs

23.4 Freshwater crayfish

23.5 Freshwater prawns

23.6 Summary

24 Bivalve molluscs
John S. Lucas

24.1 Introduction

24.2 Aspects of biology

24.3 Farmed bivalves

24.4 Phases of bivalve aquaculture

24.5 Farming problems

24.6 Introductions and other environmental issues

24.7 Industry reviews

24.8 The future of bivalve aquaculture

24.9 Summary

25 Abalone
Peter Cook

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Biology

25.3 Culture techniques

25.4 Postlarvae and juveniles

25.5 Grow-out systems

25.6 Diseases and parasites

25.7 The world abalone market

25.8 Summary

26 Aquaculture in the aquarium industry
Thane A. Militz

26.1 Introduction

26.2 The aquarium industry

26.3 The need for aquaculture in the aquarium industry

26.4 Aquaculture of tropical freshwater organisms

26.5 Aquaculture of tropical marine organisms

26.6 Sustainable development

26.7 The future of the aquarium industry

26.8 Summary

27 The Future of Aquaculture
John Hargreaves, Randall Brummett and Craig S. Tucker

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Drivers of Future Demand and Supply

27.3 Responding to the Challenges of the Future

27.4 Summary