Skip to main content

Aquaculture and the Environment, 2nd Edition



Aquaculture and the Environment, 2nd Edition

T. V. R. Pillay

ISBN: 978-0-470-99572-3 April 2008 Wiley-Blackwell 208 Pages



Aquaculture and the Environment
Second Edition
T. V. R. Pillay

The continuing rapid increases in aquaculture production world-wide raise fears of further environmental degradation of the aquatic environment. The second edition of this well-received book brings together and discusses the available information on all major environmental aspects of various aquaculture systems, providing a valuable aid to the preparation of environmental impact assessments of aquaculture projects and showing how potential environmental problems can be reduced or mitigated by sound management.

Much new information is presented in this new edition, including details of the impact of genetically modified food products and a new chapter on the sustainability of aquaculture, which covers the definitions of sustainability and responsible aquaculture, environmental, economic, social and ethical aspects of sustainability and the concept of ecotechnology in fish farming.

Aquaculture and the Environment, Second Edition is essential reading for all personnel working on fish farms and for those moving into the aquatic farm business. Environmental scientists, ecologists, conservationists, fish and shellfish biologist and all those involved in the preservation of aquatic environments will find much of great use and interest within the covers of this book. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this excellent and useful book on their shelves.

Dr T. V. R. Pillay was formerly Programme Director, Aquaculture Development and Coordination Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.



1. Introduction.

2. Water Quality.

2.1 Aquaculture Farms.

2.2 Open Waters for Stock Building and Stock Enhancement.

3. Nature of Environmental Impacts.

3.1 Conflicts with Other Uses.

3.2 Sedimentation and Obstruction of Water Flows.

3.3 Effluent Discharges.

3.4 Hypernutrification and Eutrophication.

3.5 Chemical Residues.

3.6 Other Effects.

4. Extent of Environmental Impacts.

4.1 Quantification of Effluent Discharges.

4.2 Assessment of Pollutive Effects.

5. Siting and Design of farms.

5.1 Restrictions on the Use of Potential Sites.

5.2 Basic Data for Site Selection.

5.3 Siting Farms on Marshes and Mangroves.

5.4 Selection of Water Bodies and Stocks to be Enhanced.

5.5 Farm Design.

6. Use of Natural Resources.

6.1 Sources and Utilization of Land Water Resources.

6.2 Use of Animal Wastes.

6.3 Use of Sewage.

6.4 Use of Heated-water Effluents.

6.5 Recycling of Water.

6.6 Use of Trophic Levels in Aquaculture.

7. Waste Production in Aquaculture.

7.1 Feed-derived and Metabolic Waste Products.

7.2 Wastes from Food and Feedstuffs.

7.3 Feed Loss.

7.4 Methods of Measuring Waste Production.

7.5 Fertilizer-derived wastes.

7.6 Residues of Biocides and Biostats.

7.7 Algal Blooms.

7.8 Bacterial Communities.

8. Pattern and Effect of Waste Discharges.

8.1 The Nature of Waste Discharges.

8.2 Polyculture.

9. Introduction of Exotics and Escape of Farmed Species.

9.1 Species Diversity.

9.2 Ecological Effects of Introductions.

9.3 Transmission of Diseases.

9.4 Control of Introductions.

9.5 Genetic Dilution due to Escape of Farmed Animals.

9.6 Guidelines for Management of Movement of Live Aquatic Animals.

10. Pathogens in the Aquatic Environment.

10.1 Occurrence of Pathogens.

10.2 Environmental Causes of Disease.

10.3 Controlling the Spread of Communicable Diseases.

11. Birds and Mammals in Aquaculture.

11.1 Breeding Programmes and Genetically Modified Food Products.

11.2 Effect of Aquaculture on Birds.

11.3 Effect of Aquaculture on Predatory Mammals.

12. Safety of Aquaculture Products.

12.1 Breeding Programmes and Genetically Modified Food Products.

12.2 Environmental Contaminants.

12.3 Contamination by Trace Metals.

12.4 Contamination by Organochlorines.

12.5 Microbial Contamination of Shellfish.

12.6 Contamination of Fish in Waste-water Ponds.

12.7 Contamination by Algal Toxins.

13. Sustainability of Aquaculture.

13.1 Definition of Sustainability.

13.2 Economic Sustainability.

13.3 Environmental Sustainability.

13.4 Social Aspects of Sustainability.

13.5 Guidelines for Sustainable Aquaculture.

14. Economics and Environmental Impact Assessments.

14.1 Development Planning and Public Information.

14.2 Aquaculture Development Zones.

14.3 Environmental Impact Assessment.

15. Mitigation of Adverse Effects.

15.1 Land and Water Use.

15.2 Culture Practices.

15.3 Waste Treatment.

16. Research and Regulation.

16.1 Modelling the Environment.

16.2 Regulatory Measures.

References and Further Reading.


this second edition of this benchmark book reflects the enormous developments that have occured in aquaculture in the intervening decade or so.... this timely book addresses those problems and offers a number of practical solutions to them. It is practical, well researched and well presented

Work Boat World, December 2007

The new edition of Aquaculture: Principles and Practices is a useful addition to the literature, and is suitable as a textbook for college and university courses

Aquaculture Int (2007) 15:505-506

  • an updated edition of this pioneer effort to discuss environmental effects of different aquaculture systems on a global basis in different climatic and socio-economic conditions

  • distinguishes speculations from proven evidence of environmental impacts of aquaculture

  • a valuable aid to the preparation of environmental impact assessment of aquaculture projects

  • suitable for teaching, as well as reference for research