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Archaeology Is Anthropology

Archaeology Is Anthropology

S. Gillespie

ISBN: 978-1-931-30312-5

Apr 2012

175 pages

Select type: Paperback

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Archaeology and anthropology have come a long way in the past half-century, and the 1950s thinking concerning the relationship between the two is increasingly considered irrelevant. However, the placement of archaeology within the discipline of anthropology has always been uneasy—and was just as much a half-century and more ago as it is now. Is archaeology only now on the brink of "divorce" after decades of pleas for mutual respect and cooperation have finally proven inadequate (Watson 1995)? Is separation the only alternative left to sustain and further archaeology and to finally shake off a second-class status to sociocultural anthropology that archaeologists have long contested (Willey and Sabloff 1993:152)? In what sense can we profess that archaeology is still anthropology?

This volume evaluates the reasons proffered for separation against those in favor of maintaining the identity and practice of archaeologists as anthropologists. Arguments for the separation of archaeology from the discipline of which it has been a part for over a century take several different forms, weighing various intellectual factors: historical, methodological, and theoretical. Recent changes in the practice of archaeology and in the organization of professional societies must also be considered.


Is Archaeology Anthropology?
Deborah L. Nichols, Rosemary A. Joyce, and Susan D. Gillespie


Anthropology Must Have Archaeology
Timothy Earle

Bioarchaeology as Anthropology
George J. Armelagos

Archaeology as Anthropology of the Long Term
Thomas Barfield

American Archaeology's Uncertain Future
Geoffrey A. Clark

Archaeological Inference and Ethnographic Analogies: Rethinking the "Lapita Cultural Complex"
John Edward Terrell

Historical Archaeology and Disciplinary Ethnogenesis
Teresita Majewski


Teaching Archaeology as Anthropology
Susan D. Gillespie

Working in Museums as an Archaeological Anthropologist
Rosemary A. Joyce

Archaeology and Anthropology in the Twenty-First Century: Strategies for Working Together
David G. Anderson

Anthropology Is Essential to Private Sector Archaeology
William H. Doelle

Anthropological Archaeology Conducted by Tribes: Traditional Cultural Properties and Cultural Affiliation
T. J. Ferguson


Archaeology and Anthropology
Jane H. Hill

Let Archaeology Be
Richard G. Fox

Archaeology Is Anthropology
Susan D. Gillespie, Rosemary A. Joyce, and Deborah L. Nichols

List of Contributors