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Architectural Conservation: Principles and Practice

Architectural Conservation: Principles and Practice

Aylin Orbasli

ISBN: 978-0-632-04025-4

Dec 2007, Wiley-Blackwell

240 pages

Select type: Paperback

In Stock



This book provides an introductory text for students in built environment disciplines, as well as those who manage or own historic properties, and those embarking upon architectural conservation professionally. It is designed to give an understanding of the main principles, materials and problems in the field of conservation and it features a number of case studies.


Chapter 1 Introduction.

What is architectural conservation.

Why conserve.

Architectural conservation.

Conservation as a Profession.

Professional roles in building conservation.

Craft skills.

Studies in building conservation.

Professional accreditation.

Working internationally.

Structure of the Book.

Chapter 2 International and Historic Context of Conservation.

Historic Context.

The symbolic and nostalgic connotations of historic monuments.

‘Restoration’ in the 19th century.

The search for authenticity.

Conservation in the 20th Century.

Built heritage as a symbol of national identity.

International conservation charters.

The non-European perspective.

The urban conservation movement.

UNESCO and the World Heritage Convention.

Shifting Emphases.

Conservation-led regeneration.

The industrial heritage.

The legacy of the 20th century.

Cultural landscapes.

Intangible heritage.

Integrated approaches.

Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 3 Theoretical Framework and Conservation Principles.

Values and Definitions.

A values-based approach.

Terms and definitions.

Principles, Philosophy and Guidance.

Ethics in conservation.


Summary and Conclusion.

Chapter 4 Legislation, Policy and Guidance.

Decision making in conservation.

International level.

National level.

Local level.

Non-governmental organisations and amenity societies.

The private sector and property owners.

Public participation.

Statutory protection.

Archaeological sites and ancient monuments.

Monuments and buildings of architectural and historic significance.

Area-based designation (conservation areas).

Historic gardens and landscapes.

Other forms of control and legislation that impact on historic buildings.

Summary and conclusion.



Chapter 5 Managing Conservation.

Survey and analysis.




Specialist investigations.

Information management.

Making and evaluating proposals.

Conservation management plans.

Impact assessment.

Project implementation.

Financing conservation projects.

Implementation on site.

Managing historic properties.

Maintenance planning.

Risk assessment and preparedness.

Access management.

Summary and conclusion.

Chapter 6 Causes of Decay, Environmental Services and Structures in Conservation .

Causes of decay.

Climatic causes.

Biological and botanical causes.

Natural disasters.

Human beings.

Managing environmental conditions in historic buildings.

Designing for and locating services in historic buildings.

Heating and cooling.

Improving environmental performance.

Lighting historic buildings.

Fire protection.

Structural conservation.

Structural failure.

Understanding and analysing structures.

Repair and conservation of historic structures.

Summary and conclusion.

Chapter 7 Conservation of Materials.

Earth structures.




Bricks and clay roof tiles.

Tiles, faience and terracotta.

Structural metals.

Sheet metals.


Renders, plasters and mortars.


Plastics and resins.


Cleaning surfaces.

Summary and conclusion.

Chapter 8 Regeneration, Reuse and Design in the Historic Environment.

Urban Regeneration.

Heritage-led regeneration.

Urban conservation.

Economic viability.

Adaptive reuse.

Designing in the historic environment.

The context of townscape.

Architectural interventions.

Summary and conclusion.

Conclusion .

Glossary .


"This is a sound introductory basis for those embarking on the study of architectural conservation and can be recommended to anyone thinking of joining the profession." (Journal of Architectural Conservation, November 2008)

"Outlines the importance of architectural conservation on our society." (UK Construction)

  • considerable growth in academic courses in building conservation - a popular subject

  • need for an introductory textbook - most books are more specialised

  • book features an extensive set of references providing more detailed guidance, plus case studies

  • full of colour illustrations